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If You See: Brahma, dharma, and Moksha Think Of: Hinduism Think Of: Hinduism.

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Presentation on theme: "If You See: Brahma, dharma, and Moksha Think Of: Hinduism Think Of: Hinduism."— Presentation transcript:

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3 If You See: Brahma, dharma, and Moksha Think Of: Hinduism Think Of: Hinduism

4 This is a picture of Hagia Sophia. If you were to see a picture like this – think of the Byzantine Empire &/or Russia (Cyrillic alphabet).

5 The economic wealth of Calicut, Mogadishu, and Venice in the 13th century was primarily dependent on their? If you were to see a similar question like the one above… you should automatically ponder what do these three things have in common… THINK! Well? They are grand coastal cities: coastal locations. Follow the same pattern for similar lining of questions… If there’s a question asking what do these three/four things have in common, find out what you know about at least ONE of them…. More times than not, that will eventually lead you to the correct answer… please trust me on this.

6 If you see… Black Death You should automatically think of: - Mass deaths  A shortage of workers developed. -This originated from European trading and traveling to the -This originated from European trading and traveling to the east (China), where the Bubonic Plaque/Black Death began. east (China), where the Bubonic Plaque/Black Death began. - While the plague led to the Death of over 1/3 of - While the plague led to the Death of over 1/3 of Europe’s population, the Crusades, the trade and travel Europe’s population, the Crusades, the trade and travel that stemmed from it played a huge role in ending that stemmed from it played a huge role in ending feudalism (land based economic system). feudalism (land based economic system).

7 If you see… The Prince, Niccolò Machiavelli Think of the: - The rise of prince’s/king’s political power. - The rise of prince’s/king’s political power. - Wrote his work during the Renaissance era. - Wrote his work during the Renaissance era. - Two most famous quotes: - Two most famous quotes: + “It’s better to be feared than to be loved.” + “It’s better to be feared than to be loved.” + “The ends justifies the means.” + “The ends justifies the means.”

8 Why were Peter I (the Great) Catherine I (the Great) similar Think in the sense that both: - Pursued a policy of westernization and expansion. - Pursued a policy of westernization and expansion. - Sought after warm water ports (Since most of Russia is oft-cold/frozen, this was huge – for trade & trade = “life blood” of a given nation. - Sought after warm water ports (Since most of Russia is oft-cold/frozen, this was huge – for trade & trade = “life blood” of a given nation. - Promoted the arts and sciences – anything that advance their nation. - Promoted the arts and sciences – anything that advance their nation.

9 What were the primary causes of WWI/The Great War? Think of: M.A.I.N. Causes – Militarism Militarism Alliances Alliances Imperialism Imperialism Nationalism Nationalism

10 If you see The Real “Boxers”… think of: spheres of influence established in China by foreigners (Always carefully examine the information provided). Just remember: if you see the Boxer Rebellion, think of Chinese citizens being anti-western/anti-foreigner… China for Chinese. If you see The Real “Boxers”… think of: spheres of influence established in China by foreigners (Always carefully examine the information provided). Just remember: if you see the Boxer Rebellion, think of Chinese citizens being anti- western/anti- foreigner… China for Chinee.

11 The leaders in this 1936 cartoon are depicted as “spineless” because they? Wished to follow the policy of appeasement = avoid war at all cost.

12 Based on the information in this chart, which situation gave rise to Nazi power in Germany?

13 If you see: Which factor aided Russian troops in defeating Napoleon’s armies and Soviet forces in defeating Hitler’s armies? - Severe winters - Severe winters + tundra = frozen desert + tundra = frozen desert - Scorched Earth Policy - Scorched Earth Policy - Though terrain/geography - Though terrain/geography

14 Based on this cartoon by Leslie Gilbert Illingworth, what role did “Old Man Winter” play in the defense of Russia? ( always pay close attention to political cartoon – Review everything). Old Man Winter

15 What is the best title for this map? Think of Japanese imperialism (for resources) – The Rape of Nanking (Human Rights violations)

16 What does this painting illustrates? What’s the message? Think of a land based economic/political system: Feudalism… Think of the Middle Ages/Medieval Era.

17 If you see… One way in which Toussaint L’Ouverture, Kwame Nkrumah, and Ho Chi Minh are similar is that each leader Think of: - Each fought to free their his country from - Each fought to free their his country from European control. European control. - Nationalism/Self-determination. - Nationalism/Self-determination.

18 If you see The Nuremberg laws… Think of: - anti-Semitic (Against Jews) laws of 20th- - anti-Semitic (Against Jews) laws of 20th- century Germany. century Germany. - Rise of Nazism & Adolf Hitler. - Rise of Nazism & Adolf Hitler. - These laws used Jews as scapegoats. - These laws used Jews as scapegoats.

19 If you see… Karl Marx Think of: - Father of Communism - Father of Communism - He was born in Germany, but conducted most of his writing in - He was born in Germany, but conducted most of his writing in England. England. - Spoke about a Communist Revolution: Bourgeoisie (Rich/Upper Middle Classes) vs. Proletariat (Working Class/Poor) - Spoke about a Communist Revolution: Bourgeoisie (Rich/Upper Middle Classes) vs. Proletariat (Working Class/Poor) - Conducted his work in the era of the industrial Revolution, - Conducted his work in the era of the industrial Revolution, spoke out against mistreatment of workers – underpaid/ spoke out against mistreatment of workers – underpaid/ deplorable working conditions. deplorable working conditions.

20 What’s the main point of this cartoon? While it’s not visible here, the political cartoon shows that the car’s bumper is titled, “corn powered” and the license plate reads “bio-fuel.” Through this cartoon, we learn that: using corn to make bio-fuels for automobiles will increase food shortages = increases famine/mass deaths.

21 If You See: Great Wall of China Think Of: Protect the Chinese from the nomadic tribes of northern and central Asia = the huns, tartars, Mongols, etc. Think Of: Protect the Chinese from the nomadic tribes of northern and central Asia = the huns, tartars, Mongols, etc.

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23 The Phoenicians - “Carriers of civilization” = Cultural diffusion. - “Carriers of civilization” = Cultural diffusion. -Traded goods and spread ideas throughout the Mediterranean region = sea people. -Phonics = alphabet

24 Carefully drawn calligraphy, Zen gardens, and the tea ceremony Think Of: Early Japanese Culture/way of life. Think Of: Early Japanese Culture/way of life. Focused on traditionalism/impact of isolation, fear of Europe/foreign interaction. Focused on traditionalism/impact of isolation, fear of Europe/foreign interaction.

25 If You See: Mansa Musa (originated from Mali) Think Of: Famous Hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca = holy land of all Muslims. Think Of: Famous Hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca = holy land of all Muslims. Trade and travel – crossing the Sahara/N. Africa. Trade and travel – crossing the Sahara/N. Africa. Connected to Salt for Gold Trade. Connected to Salt for Gold Trade.

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27 If You See: Reformation Think Of: Martin Luther & his 95 Theses Think Of: Martin Luther & his 95 Theses Printing Press – helped spread the word Printing Press – helped spread the word Weakened the Catholic Church W/the start of several other Christian Churches. Weakened the Catholic Church W/the start of several other Christian Churches. Protesting the ills/wrongs of Catholic church. Protesting the ills/wrongs of Catholic church.

28 If You See: Crusades Think Of: Fight for the Holy Land (Palestine/M.E) – Christians vs. Muslims. Think Of: Fight for the Holy Land (Palestine/M.E) – Christians vs. Muslims. Cultural Diffusion – interest in each others’ cultures. Cultural Diffusion – interest in each others’ cultures. European interest in the Asian goods/products. European interest in the Asian goods/products.

29 Encounter, Triangular Trade, Middle Passage, Encomienda, Columbian Exchange, etc. Think Of: Slavery, Colonialism/Imperialism, exploitation, mass death of the natives and African populations/lands in the so- called, “New World.” Think Of: Slavery, Colonialism/Imperialism, exploitation, mass death of the natives and African populations/lands in the so- called, “New World.”

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31 Zheng He (Chinese) & Ibn Battuta (N. Africa/Muslim) Think Of: Trading/Traveling to many distance lands Think Of: Trading/Traveling to many distance lands Cultural diffusion Cultural diffusion Advanced navigation systems. Advanced navigation systems.

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33 Scientific Revolution or the Enlightenment Think Of: Emphasis on the value of human reasoning Think Of: Emphasis on the value of human reasoning Break from the Middle/Dark Ages Break from the Middle/Dark Ages Using science and logic to reach at everyday decisions. Using science and logic to reach at everyday decisions.

34 If You See: Simón Bolívar Think Of: The George Washington of Latin America Think Of: The George Washington of Latin America The Great Liberator – working/fighting for self- rule/independence from European colonialism/imperialism. The Great Liberator – working/fighting for self- rule/independence from European colonialism/imperialism.

35 If You See: Industrial Revolution Think Of: Factory production Think Of: Factory production Exploitation of workers – women & children Exploitation of workers – women & children Vast pollution Vast pollution Desire/need for an abundance of nat. resources. Desire/need for an abundance of nat. resources.

36 If You See: Meiji Restoration Think Of: Modernization/Industrialization of Japan Think Of: Modernization/Industrialization of Japan Last Samurai – remember that movie. Last Samurai – remember that movie. Break from the past/traditionalism – Tokugawa Shoguns. Break from the past/traditionalism – Tokugawa Shoguns.

37 Meiji Restoration = Westernization/Modernization of Japan

38 If You See: 1938 Munich Conference Appeasement – one of the major causes of WWII. Appeasement – one of the major causes of WWII. Helped to make Germany/Nazis stronger Helped to make Germany/Nazis stronger Impact of the Great Depression. Impact of the Great Depression.

39 Mikhail Gorbachev, Glassnost, and Perestroika Think Of: End of the Cold War – Early 1990s. Think Of: End of the Cold War – Early 1990s. New freedoms – more democratic New freedoms – more democratic Moving away from Communism. Moving away from Communism.

40 If You See: Bolshevik Revolution Think Of: Birth of Communism/Reds in Russia = U.S.S.R. Think Of: Birth of Communism/Reds in Russia = U.S.S.R. Got rid of all western/capitalist/democratic policies Got rid of all western/capitalist/democratic policies The rise of Lenin (N.E.P) and then Stalin (failed 5-Year Plans). The rise of Lenin (N.E.P) and then Stalin (failed 5-Year Plans).

41 If You See: Confucianism Think Of: Filial Piety Think Of: Filial Piety Kids must honor/respect parents, elders, the dead, and gov’t authority. Kids must honor/respect parents, elders, the dead, and gov’t authority. The 5 relationships & Social Order The 5 relationships & Social Order

42 If You See: The Treaty of Versailles Think Of: The “War Guilt Clause” – Blame Germany for causing the WWI – and played a major role in A. Hitler and Nazis’ rise to power. Think Of: The “War Guilt Clause” – Blame Germany for causing the WWI – and played a major role in A. Hitler and Nazis’ rise to power. Reparations Reparations

43 Geographic characteristic shared by both Greece and Japan Think Of: Archipelago – group, row, or chain of island Think Of: Archipelago – group, row, or chain of island Irregular coastline = perfect for shipping/trading Irregular coastline = perfect for shipping/trading Lacked arable land & natural resources – Conquest of other lands for what was lacking. Lacked arable land & natural resources – Conquest of other lands for what was lacking.

44 Martin Luther (95 Theses), John Calvin (new bible), and Henry VIII (6 wives/new religion = Anglicanism) Think Of: Protestant Reformation throughout Europe Think Of: Protestant Reformation throughout Europe Weakened the power/authority of the Catholic church Weakened the power/authority of the Catholic church Creation of several different Christian sects. Creation of several different Christian sects.

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46 North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) 1994 or the European Union (EU) post WWII Think Of: Trade unions Think Of: Trade unions Interdependence – working together for economic and political unity - reduce trade barriers between member nations Interdependence – working together for economic and political unity - reduce trade barriers between member nations Does away with many trade obstacles, i.e. tariffs. Does away with many trade obstacles, i.e. tariffs.

47 Hungarian Revolution in 1956 and the Tiananmen Square demonstrations in 1989? Think Of: Repressive action was taken to end both protests. Think Of: Repressive action was taken to end both protests. Students/citizens protesting against Communist gov’ts stronghold/dictatorial rule. Students/citizens protesting against Communist gov’ts stronghold/dictatorial rule. Wanting more freedoms – western style of gov’t. Wanting more freedoms – western style of gov’t.

48 If You See: Laissez- faire economics

49 If You See: Human Rights Violations Jews – Holocaust/WWII and throughout history Jews – Holocaust/WWII and throughout history Cambodians – Genocide of over 2 million people at the hands of Pol Pot. Cambodians – Genocide of over 2 million people at the hands of Pol Pot. Rwanda (1994) Hutus killed approximately 1 million Tutsi, while the U.S./U.N. absolutely nothing. Rwanda (1994) Hutus killed approximately 1 million Tutsi, while the U.S./U.N. absolutely nothing. Nanking – Genocide and Gendercide by the Japanese. Nanking – Genocide and Gendercide by the Japanese. Armenians – Genocide by the Turks Armenians – Genocide by the Turks Iraq – Kurds were killed in great numbers by S. Hussein Iraq – Kurds were killed in great numbers by S. Hussein

50 If You See: The fight in the Middle East for the Holy land/Palestine = Muslims vs. Jews. Non-stop blood baths year after after. The fight in the Middle East for the Holy land/Palestine = Muslims vs. Jews. Non-stop blood baths year after after.

51 If You See: Silk Roads Think Of: - Trade & Travel: Europe/Middle East to China/Asia (vice versa): Exchange of goods/products. - Cultural Diffusion/New ideas. - Cultural Diffusion/New ideas.

52 Think Of: European: Spanish & Portuguese rule European: Spanish & Portuguese rule Colonialism in the Americas/Latin America Colonialism in the Americas/Latin America Who’s at the top? Peninsulares = Europeans from the Iberian Peninsula = Portugal & Spain. Who’s at the top? Peninsulares = Europeans from the Iberian Peninsula = Portugal & Spain. Who’s at the bottom? Africans/Natives = slaves Who’s at the bottom? Africans/Natives = slaves

53 If You See: Zionism Homeland – for whom? The Jews. Homeland – for whom? The Jews. Connected to the Balfour Declaration = agreement with the British gov’t for a homeland in Palestine. Connected to the Balfour Declaration = agreement with the British gov’t for a homeland in Palestine. Key in the creation of Israel. Key in the creation of Israel. If you want to understand the conflict in the Middle East, one needs to understand Zionism. If you want to understand the conflict in the Middle East, one needs to understand Zionism.

54 If You See: Karl Marx A German political Philosopher – Spent most of his adult life in England; enjoyed more political freedoms there. A German political Philosopher – Spent most of his adult life in England; enjoyed more political freedoms there. Wrote the Communist Manifesto alongside Frederick Engels Wrote the Communist Manifesto alongside Frederick Engels “Father” of modern Communism “Father” of modern Communism Predicted a revolution of the proletariats vs. bourgeoisie would occur first in industrial Europe Predicted a revolution of the proletariats vs. bourgeoisie would occur first in industrial Europe Wrote during the Industrial Rev. = Mid. 1800s. Wrote during the Industrial Rev. = Mid. 1800s.

55 If You See: Chernobyl Think Of: Major “man-made” disaster = destruction/mass deaths. Think Of: Major “man-made” disaster = destruction/mass deaths. Nuclear explosion Nuclear explosion Connect it to modern-day Japan – think back to what happened a few months ago. Connect it to modern-day Japan – think back to what happened a few months ago.

56 If You See: Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini and Afghanistan’s Taliban Established an Islamic/theocratic state Established an Islamic/theocratic state Strict laws/customs. Strict laws/customs. Anti-west/democracy Anti-west/democracy Persepolis – You guys read it with Miyo – Hip, Hip Hooray for Miyo! Persepolis – You guys read it with Miyo – Hip, Hip Hooray for Miyo!

57 Reign of Terror during the French Revolution Mass deaths Mass deaths Used violent methods to eliminate their opponents Used violent methods to eliminate their opponents One year of chopping people’s heads off with a guillotine. I.e., Marie Antoinette & Louis XVI One year of chopping people’s heads off with a guillotine. I.e., Marie Antoinette & Louis XVI

58 Process of German unification/Nationalism Process of German unification/Nationalism Bismarck was the “orchestrator” Bismarck was the “orchestrator” “Blood & Iron” – his famous speech “Blood & Iron” – his famous speech

59 The Panama Canal and Suez Canal Shortened shipping routes between major bodies of water Shortened shipping routes between major bodies of water Helped trade and travel Helped trade and travel Save $$ & time. Save $$ & time.

60 Chronological Order Roman Empire → Middle Ages → Crusades Roman Empire → Middle Ages → Crusades Renaissance →European exploration of the Americas → Reformation Renaissance →European exploration of the Americas → Reformation World War I →Treaty of Versailles → World War II →Korean War World War I →Treaty of Versailles → World War II →Korean War

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62 Sepoy (Indian) or Boxer (Chinese)Rebellions

63 Birth of the Industrial Revolution

64 Industrial Era

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68 Stronger groups have the right to rule and control weaker groups Stronger groups have the right to rule and control weaker groups Applying Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution to everyday life/society. Applying Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution to everyday life/society.

69 Major dispute between India and Pakistan Major dispute between India and Pakistan Muslims vs. Hindus Muslims vs. Hindus

70 India vs. Pakistan – Nuclear threats against one another

71 Augusto Pinochet, Saddam Hussein, and Slobodan Milosevic Oppressive regimes Oppressive regimes Autocratic rule Autocratic rule Mass deaths/purges/ethnic violence = genocide Mass deaths/purges/ethnic violence = genocide

72 Human Rights Violations

73 Toussaint L’Ouverture Nationalism/Freedom from the French Nationalism/Freedom from the French The great Haitian liberator The great Haitian liberator Helped Haiti gained its independence Helped Haiti gained its independence Haiti became the first “Black” nation in the western hemisphere. Haiti became the first “Black” nation in the western hemisphere.

74 F. W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela received the Nobel Peace Prize for their work to end the - Discriminatory policy of apartheid - Discriminatory policy of apartheid - Fought for more democratic form of government in S. Africa. - Fought for more democratic form of government in S. Africa. - Shortly after this, Mandela became the first black South African - Shortly after this, Mandela became the first black South African president. president.

75 Mao Zedong - Introduced Communism to Chinese. - Helped write the “Little Red Book” = symbol of Comminism in China. - He was the Chinese leader most closely associated with leading the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution.

76 If you see…Deng Xiaoping… Think of: Modernization, Westernization, growth of Capitalism within China… The cartoon focuses on the fact that economic freedom in China has not led to political reforms & freedom.

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78 The statements below refer to changes in Afghanistan in the 1990’s. The Taliban controls the government. Women must clothe themselves from head to toe. Men are required to grow beards. Girls are not allowed to attend school. These changes in Afghanistan have resulted Islamic fundamentalism

79 The Columbian Exchange = New World (The Americas) meets Old World (Europe). Focuses on Cultural diffusion.

80 The cartoon shows the League of Nations hopes to use boycotts to end war = the league is weak  one of the primary causes of WWII.

81 Rejection of the czarist system in Russia/U.S.S.R. Rejection of the czarist system in Russia/U.S.S.R. Rejection of Christianity/Religion & Capitalism Rejection of Christianity/Religion & Capitalism Impact of the Bolshevik Revolution = Intro to Communism Impact of the Bolshevik Revolution = Intro to Communism

82 Agricultural advancement of the Incas Settled around Peru = mountainous area Settled around Peru = mountainous area Not good for crops/cultivation = limited space/arable Not good for crops/cultivation = limited space/arable When you think of the Incas, think of Manhattan. Very small island, but millions reside there and many more visit/conduct business there. When you think of the Incas, think of Manhattan. Very small island, but millions reside there and many more visit/conduct business there. How? Tall buildings = do a lot with very little How? Tall buildings = do a lot with very little For the Incas =Terracing of mountains for farming For the Incas =Terracing of mountains for farming

83 Louis XIV and Peter the Great Absolute ruler = The monarch is all mighty/all powerful Absolute ruler = The monarch is all mighty/all powerful Power corrupts… absolute power corrupts absolutely. Power corrupts… absolute power corrupts absolutely. Used religion = Divine Right of Kings Used religion = Divine Right of Kings “Do not question government authority” = Autocratic gov’t “Do not question government authority” = Autocratic gov’t Centralized gov’t Centralized gov’t

84 Pax Romana & Pax Mongolia Pax = means peace in Latin Pax = means peace in Latin Political/social stability Political/social stability Often leads to a Golden Age = the best of times. Often leads to a Golden Age = the best of times.

85 Mauryan/Gupta Empires Ancient Indian Empires Ancient Indian Empires Development of math and science. Use of Sanskrit language and development of the concept of zero Development of math and science. Use of Sanskrit language and development of the concept of zero The Pillars of Emperor Asoka of the Mauryan Empire The Pillars of Emperor Asoka of the Mauryan Empire

86 Water = life All early civilizations developed close to/around major river systems/valleys/waterways. All early civilizations developed close to/around major river systems/valleys/waterways. Egypt = The Nile, Mesopotamia = Euphrates & Tigris, China = Huang/Yellow River, India= Indus & Ganges Rivers Egypt = The Nile, Mesopotamia = Euphrates & Tigris, China = Huang/Yellow River, India= Indus & Ganges Rivers

87 Byzantine (Eastern Rome) Introduced the Cyrillic alphabet, Orthodox Christianity, and domed architecture to Russian culture Introduced the Cyrillic alphabet, Orthodox Christianity, and domed architecture to Russian culture Hagia Sophia = Great temple Hagia Sophia = Great temple

88 Golden Age in Spain Cervantes’ literary classic Don Quixote, the rule of Isabella and Ferdinand, and the art of El Greco Cervantes’ literary classic Don Quixote, the rule of Isabella and Ferdinand, and the art of El Greco

89 Russia Frigid region Frigid region Seeking access to warm water ports. Seeking access to warm water ports. Largest landmass in the world Largest landmass in the world Most of it barren/waste land Most of it barren/waste land Tundra = frozen desert Tundra = frozen desert

90 Seventeenth-century scholars Galileo Galilei and René Descartes Contradicted traditional medieval European beliefs Contradicted traditional medieval European beliefs Went against the teachings of the Bible/church Went against the teachings of the Bible/church Fell into lots of trouble with traditional authorities Fell into lots of trouble with traditional authorities Used scientific/enlightened thinking/logic/methods to come to a conclusion. Used scientific/enlightened thinking/logic/methods to come to a conclusion.

91 “The powder keg of Europe” prior to World War I The Balkans Peninsula – west of Italy. Find Italy on a map (the old lady’s boot) and then look east for a peninsula (body of water on three sides of the land/region). The Balkans Peninsula – west of Italy. Find Italy on a map (the old lady’s boot) and then look east for a peninsula (body of water on three sides of the land/region). One of the major causes of the Great War/WWI. One of the major causes of the Great War/WWI. Too Many: cultures/religions, races, etc., = constant fight for nationalism/self- determination. Too Many: cultures/religions, races, etc., = constant fight for nationalism/self- determination.

92 Causes of WWII

93 Masters, apprentices, and journeymen Guild system of Europe in the Middle Ages Guild system of Europe in the Middle Ages Form of a union Form of a union Training people to be professionals in a time where schools/organized education was all but none existent. Training people to be professionals in a time where schools/organized education was all but none existent.

94 Shows the importance of Constantinople

95 Twelve Tables Ancient Roman Laws & Customs Ancient Roman Laws & Customs Helped to govern the citizens of Rome. Helped to govern the citizens of Rome.

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98 Civil disobedience: Boycott all British Products

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100 Relates to the failures/ineffectiveness of the U.N. since its creation in stopping Genocide/Human Rights Violations.

101 Think in terms of: Think in terms of: - Mali & Songhai - Mali & Songhai (Northwest Africa) (Northwest Africa) - Mansa Musa of Mali - Mansa Musa of Mali -

102 Think of: The Scientific Revolution

103 Think of: - Spanish rule in Latin America - Spanish rule in Latin America - Enslavement of the nations - Enslavement of the nations - European (Spanish) conquest - European (Spanish) conquest of the so-called “New World”. of the so-called “New World”.

104 One similarity in the actions of Benito Mussolini and Saddam Hussein (and similar dictatorships/totalitarian forms of governments): One similarity in the actions of Benito Mussolini and Saddam Hussein (and similar dictatorships/totalitarian forms of governments): Think of: Think of: - Denied individual rights – ill- treatment of citizens. - Denied individual rights – ill- treatment of citizens. - Police states = “Big Brother” - Police states = “Big Brother” - Dictatorship - Dictatorship

105 Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

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108 Fidel Castro in Cuba & the Sandinistas in Nicaragua

109 World War II left many European nations weak and vulnerable

110 Great Leap Forward & Four Modernizations (China)

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112 Impact of the Green Revolution

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114 The purpose of both the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan was to Think of: Think of: - Think of post-WWII era – war torn Europe. - Think of post-WWII era – war torn Europe. - This was the focus on the US’ new foreign policy of - This was the focus on the US’ new foreign policy of Containment: Prevent the spread of communism. Containment: Prevent the spread of communism. - Cold War Era: Capitalism vs. Communism. - Cold War Era: Capitalism vs. Communism. - The U.S doled out (gave) several BILLION $$/aid to various - The U.S doled out (gave) several BILLION $$/aid to various European nations in the hope of stopping the spread of European nations in the hope of stopping the spread of Communism. Communism.

115 If you see the term, Imperialism Think of: Treaty of Nanjing gives control of Hong Kong to Great Britain. Treaty of Nanjing gives control of Hong Kong to Great Britain. European conquest of Africa, Asia, & Latin America for Resources to feed the machine – The Industrial Revolution. European conquest of Africa, Asia, & Latin America for Resources to feed the machine – The Industrial Revolution. -The White Man’s Burden -The 3Cs - Spread of Christianity, Commerce and Conquest. French government sets up a protectorate in Cambodia. French government sets up a protectorate in Cambodia. Italian forces occupy Ethiopia. Italian forces occupy Ethiopia.

116 If you see… Maximilien Robespierre and the Jacobins Think of: - The French Revolution - The French Revolution - Instituting the Reign of Terror= mass - Instituting the Reign of Terror= mass killing of well over 10,000 people. killing of well over 10,000 people. - The Guillotine. - The Guillotine.

117 If you see… Thomas Malthus, who was truly worried about the rate of increase for human populations in relation to the rate of increase for food production was a problem. Malthus believed that Think of: - Population is growing too fast, and can’t keep up - Population is growing too fast, and can’t keep up with food production. with food production. - Actually believed that wars, famines, natural - Actually believed that wars, famines, natural disasters, etc., are great things in slowing down the disasters, etc., are great things in slowing down the rapid rate of population growth. rapid rate of population growth. - Famine and war were natural checks on population - Famine and war were natural checks on population growth growth

118 If you see… Turkish leader Kemal Atatürk Think of: - Modernization/Westernization of Turkey - Modernization/Westernization of Turkey - Secular (non-religious/non-Islamic) form of gov’t. - Secular (non-religious/non-Islamic) form of gov’t. - Post-WWI Era (1920s onward). - Post-WWI Era (1920s onward).

119 If you see… Russian Revolution (1917) aka Bolshevik Revolution – Rise of Communism in Russia Think of: - An incompetent government - An incompetent government (led by the CZAR) (led by the CZAR) - Massacres on Bloody Sunday - Massacres on Bloody Sunday - High costs of World War I - High costs of World War I

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121 Countries in the dark color were once part of the former republics of the Soviet Union

122 Think of… the Neolithic Revolution

123 Think of… the history of Apartheid = Extreme form of racism in South Africa.

124 Learn to read between the lines: What’s the answer? Think of: Oppression.

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127 Mercantilism

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130 If you see Stalin’s Five-Year Plan Think of: - In the early 1930s, millions of - In the early 1930s, millions of Ukrainians died as a result of Ukrainians died as a result of forced famine. forced famine. - Genocide/Ethnic purge (mass - Genocide/Ethnic purge (mass killings) killings)

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132 Apartheid

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134 Post-Apartheid

135 Interpret the slide: Explains why France failed to join the Allies in the Iraqi War (2003)

136 The Mongols = conquered vast lands

137 The Rome Empire

138 Interdependence

139 Interdependence

140 Proliferation of military weapons could destroy the world.

141 Pre-Columbian Era = shows that the natives had created magnificent things/structures (pyramids) prior to Europeans “discovering” the region.

142 Cold War: NATO vs. Warsaw

143 Pre-Age of Exploration: Pre-Columbus/Pre- “Discovery” of the New World = Trade conducted mainly around the Mediterranean Sea.

144 During the Age of Exploration = Europeans traveling across the globe. Europeans were “hungry” for exotic things/goods. The map also shows that the Chinese under the Ming Dynasty with “Junk” ships trekked to different parts of the globe, too.

145 Large/Vast Empire - By the 1500s, the Ottoman Empire controlled parts of the Middle East, North Africa, and eastern Europe – Muslim/Islamic

146 Speaks volumes to Human Rights violations in China even in today’s modern “free” world = The Chinese gov’t is infringing on or abridging citizens’ civil liberties/basic human rights.

147 Impact of AIDS = The bleak situations that plague sub- Saharan Africa

148 Monsoons = Wind (connects to trade, travel & weather pattern throughout the Indian Ocean)

149 1990s: Capitalist or Communist – Many decisions to make = End of the Cold War/Fall of the USSR (Early 1990s)

150 E.U.& its growth: Think of economic unity/end trade barriers, etc.


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