Benito Mussolini was on the run as the Allies defeated the Italian and German forces. Mussolini tried to escape to Switzerland. He was captured and killed by Italian partisans on April 28, 1945.
APRIL 30, 1945 – ADOLF HITLER COMMITTED SUICIDE IN HIS BERLIN BUNKER MAY 2, 1945 – BERLIN FELL TO THE SOVIETS MAY 7, 1945 – GERMANY SURRENDERED TO THE ALLIES MAY 8, 1945 – V-E DAY (VICTORY IN EUROPE)
July 17 to August 2, 1945 Truman(USA), Stalin(USSR), Churchill(Britain, replaced by Clement Attlee) Met to discuss the occupation of Germany, borders of Poland, occupation of Austria, and the Soviet Union’s role in Eastern European Government. Truman told Stalin the USA had tested a super weapon that would be used on Japan. Stalin said that he already knew.
‘island hopping’, USA strategy to deal with the Japanese Empire. Manhattan Project- secret US plan to build an atomic bomb. BUSHIDO-’death before dishonor’. As the Allies come to understand the implications of this philosophy, the atomic bomb becomes a possible option.
JULY 16, 1945 – THE USA SUCCESSFULLY EXPLODED THE FIRST ATOMIC BOMB (THE GADGET) AT ALAMAGORDO, NEW MEXICO. AUGUST 6, 1945 – THE JAPANESE CITY OF HIROSHIMA WAS DESTROYED BY AN ATOMIC BOMB STRIKE (ENOLA GAY, PAUL TIBBITS, LITTLE BOY).
AUGUST 9, 1945 – THE JAPANESE CITY OF NAGASAKI WAS DESTROYED BY THE SECOND ATOMIC BOMB STRIKE FROM THE USA(BOCKSCAR, CHARLES SWEENEY, FAT MAN). AUGUST 14, 1945 – JAPAN ASKED FOR A CEASEFIRE. SEPTEMBER 2, 1945 – JAPAN SURRENDERED TO THE ALLIES, V-J DAY (VICTORY IN JAPAN), WW II ENDED.