Presentation on theme: "World War II By Nyisha Meyer. Introduction The modern world is still living with the consequences of World War 2, the most titanic conflict in history."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction The modern world is still living with the consequences of World War 2, the most titanic conflict in history. 70 years ago on September 1st 1939, Germany invaded Poland without warning sparking the start of World War Two. By the evening of September 3rd, Britain and France were at war with Germany and within a week, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and South Africa had also joined the war. The world had been plunged into its second world war in 25 years. Six long and bloody years of total war, fought over many thousand of square kilometers followed. From the Hedgerows of Normandy to the streets of Stalingrad, the icy mountains of Norway to the sweltering deserts of Libya, the insect infested jungles of Burma to the coral reefed islands of the pacific. On land, sea and in the air, Poles fought Germans, Italians fought Americans and Japanese fought Australians in a conflict which was finally settled with the use of nuclear weapons. World War 2 involved every major world power in a war for global domination and at its end, more than 60 million people had lost their lives and most of Europe and large parts of Asia lay in ruins.
The reason for the war. Historians have suggested many reasons why World War Two broke out in 1939. However, have you realized that the World War II was the culmination of the inter-war period, and that your whole course of study has been building up to understanding it? The second world war really started because of the holocaust. Many fail to realize why America got involved in the war in the first place America could not just stand on the sidelines and watch Hitler destroy our worlds mind! World War II, the second greatest war that re-shaped the planet's political arena. People now a days think only one thing about how it all started, and they thought that because of the Evil plans of Adolf Hitler. Was he really a mad man who had went against the German politics and beliefs turned the country into a war machine? Was he in mission to conquer the world? Was it all about war that lurks in his brain at that time?
How we got involved Part of the reason for going to war against Germany, Japan and Italy. In March 1940: the Lend-Lease act was passed stating Roosevelt could direct aid to whomever he wanted. This meant that the US was no longer neutral. The US ended up contributing 42 billion dollars to the war effort by 1945. With Hitler taking over Europe, Franklin D. Rosevelt, saw fit to aid the British and French troops with arms
Adolf Hitler Name: Adolf Hitler Occupation: getting rid of the Jews Born: April 20 th, 1889 was born in a small town Austrian, of Braunau near the German border. His father was a really successful man he became a senior customs official.
The Holocaust Anne Frank was one of over one million Jewish children who died in the Holocaust. She was born Annelies Marie Frank on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany, to Otto and Edith Frank. For the first 5 years of her life, Anne lived with her parents and older sister, Margot, in an apartment on the outskirts of Frankfurt. After the Nazi seizure of power in 1933, Otto Frank fled to Amsterdam in the Netherlands, where he had business connections.seizure of power The rest of the Frank family followed Otto, with Anne being the last of the family to arrive in February 1934 after staying with her grandparents in Aachen. Anne Frank
Julien Hequembourg Bryan (1899- 1974) was an important U.S. documentary filmmaker who filmed and photographed the everyday life, work, and culture of individuals and communities in many countries around the globe. Bryan hailed from Titusville, Pennsylvania, and was a graduate of Princeton University. From an early age he exhibited an interest in world travel. In 1917, between high school and college, he volunteered and served in the ambulance corps in France during World War I, ferrying wounded soldiers from the battlefield to hospitals behind the lines. During his college years, Bryan started making extensive trips abroad. He funded his foreign travels by giving public slide lectures in the U.S. about the places he visited.World War I Julien Hequembourg Bryan The Holocaust
The after effects of world war two! Germany was totally defeated, and the Nazi government in power brought down. Its leaders were tried for crimes against humanity at Nuremberg, the former site of Nazi propaganda triumphs. Hitler escaped trial and execution by committing suicide in his Berlin bunker at the end of the war. German cities were in ruins from a massive bombing campaign. Germany was divided into 4 zones of occupation by the victorious powers, pending a more permanent political settlement. Japan also was in ruins from extensive bombing. Prominent military leaders were tried and convicted of war crimes, but the emperor was allowed to retain his position. Japan was temporarily placed under U.S. military rule. England was devastated by the war, having experienced extensive bombing during the 1940 blitz by the Germans. The economy depended for recovery upon aid from the United States. England rapidly phased out most of its remaining imperial holdings in the years immediately following the war.
effects continued……… France had not experienced the enormous human losses sustained in the First World War, but would have to recover from the effects of Nazi occupation. Retribution was taken upon collaborators. Like England, France would be compelled to dismantle its colonial empire in the years following the war. This was a particularly traumatic and drawn out process for the French, in Algeria and in Vietnam where they fought prolonged and bitter wars in an attempt to maintain their colonial control. England and France no longer held a status of power comparable either to the United States or the Soviet Union. The Russian people had suffered immeasurably during the war, and western Russia was devastated by the land warfare which was primarily on Russian territory. But, in the process of defeating the Germans, the Russians had built a large and powerful army, which occupied most of Eastern Europe at the end of the war. The great resources and population of Russia assured that the Soviet Union would be, along with the United States, one of two super-powers. The United States economy was greatly stimulated by the war, even more so than in World War I. The depression was brought decisively to an end, and new industrial complexes were built all over the United States. Spared the physical destruction of war, the U.S. economy dominated the world economy. After 4 years of military buildup, the U.S. had also become the leading military power. The position of the United States as world leader was now more obvious than ever.