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Ex1E median, the interquartile range, the range and the mode

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SUMMARY STATISTICS After displaying data using a histogram or stem plot, we can make even more sense of the data by calculating what are called summary statistics. They give us an idea about: 1. Where the centre of the distribution is 2. How the distribution is spread out.

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5 Summary Statistics Median Interquartile range Range Mode Median (this will be looked at later)

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The Median The median is the midpoint of a set of data. Half the data are less than or equal to the median We can use the rule : where ‘n’ is the no. of observations. This will tell us the POSITION of the median. Eg: 2, 5, 6, 8, 11, 12, 15 -How many observations? -Is it in order??? Ans: median = 7 + 8 /2 = 7.5

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TESTING YOUR KNOWLEDGE

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The Interquartile Range This divides a set of data into quarters. This is referred to as “Quartiles”. The symbols used to refer to these quartiles are Q1, Q2, Q3. Q2= median The interquartile range IQR= Q3 – Q1 The IQR gives us the range of the middle 50% of values in a set of data.

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IQR = Q3- Q1 Step 1: Write down the data in ordered form from lowest to highest Step 2: Locate the median; that is, locate Q2. Step 3: Now consider just the lower half of the set of data. Find the middle score. This score is Q1. Step 4: Now consider just the upper half of the set of data. Find the middle score. This score is Q3. The four cases given in the next slide illustrate this method.

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TESTING YOUR KNOWLEDGE

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The range The range of a set of data is the difference between the highest and lowest values in that set. You can use the calc: minX and maxX Range= maximum-minimum

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The mode Most occurring/often score. If there is more than one score with the highest frequency, then all scores with that frequency are the modes. The mode is a weak measure of the center of data because it may be a value that is close to the extremes of the data. Look at the previous slide!

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Classwork/Homework Ex 1E pg 22 Q’s 1-8

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