Symbol: Ti Element Classification: Metal Atomic Number: 22 Atomic Weight: 47.88 AMU Discovered by William Gregor 1791 (England) Melting Point: 1659.85 o C Boiling Point: 3286.85 o C Electron Configuration: [Ar] 4s 2 3d
Pure Titanium is a lustrous white metal with low density and high strength. Titanium is as strong as steel, but it is 45% lighter. Titanium is 60% heavier than aluminum, but it is twice as strong. Titanium is the only element that burns in nitrogen.
Titanium is important for alloying with aluminum, molybdenum, iron, manganese, etc. Construction materials or chemical reactors. Titanium Dioxide is the pigment used in (most) paint. There is an idea of using Titanium Dioxide for purification of water, due to the reaction of the compound when it comes in contact with light. Bombardment with deuterons can render titanium very radioactive, it will emit positions and hard gamma rays. A typical lipstick contains 10% titanium.
Titanium is difficult to find and create. Titanium is found in the sun and in meteorites. Rocks from the Apollo 17 mission to the moon contained up to 12.1% TiO 2 – Titanium Dioxide. Titanium is present in the ash of coal, in plants, and in the human body. Titanium could be produced commercially by reducing titanium tetrachloride with magnesium.
The name ‘Titanium’ is based on the name of ‘Titans’ which in Greek beliefs meant first sons of the Earth. The price of titanium metal powder (99.95%) is about $100/lb. Titanium has low toxicity.
“Properties and Uses of Titanium.” Titanium. 24 April 2010 “Titanium.” Titanium – Ti. 24 April 2010. Helmenstine, Anne Marie. “Chemical and Physical Properties” Titanium “Periodic Table of Videos – Titanium”. July 16, 2008. Online Video Clip. YouTube. Accessed on 22 April, 2010.