2 Illinois LawBullying/Harassment 105 ILCS 5/ (2010) defines bullying and prohibits it in the school environment on the basis of actual or perceived race, color, religion, sex, national origin, ancestry age, marital status, physical or mental disability, military status, sexual orientation, gender-related identity or expression, unfavorable discharge from military service, association with a person or group with one or more of the aforementioned actual or perceived characteristics, or any other distinguishing characteristic. No student shall be subject to bullying during any school-sponsored education program or activity, while in school, on school property, on school buses or other school vehicles, at designated school bus stops waiting for the bus, at schools-sponsored or school-sanctioned events or activities, or through the transmission of information from a school computer, school computer network or other similar electronic school equipment. Bullying make take various forms, including without limitation one or more of the following: harassment, threats, intimidation, stalking, physical violence, sexual harassment, sexual violence, theft, public humiliation, destruction of property, or retaliation for asserting or alleging an act of bullying.
3 Illinois Law cont’d…105 ILCS 5/ (2010) requires each school district and non-public, non-sectarian elementary or secondary school to create and maintain a policy on bullying. The policy must be communicated to the students and their parent or guardian annually, updated every 2 years and filed with the State Board of Education. The statute also creates the School Bullying Prevention Task Force and outlines its responsibilities ILCS 5/ (2002) requires the school board, with the parent-teacher advisory committee and community based organizations, to include provisions in the student discipline policy to address students who have demonstrated behaviors that put them at risk for aggressive behavior, including without limitation bullying.
4 Current state laws & policies As specified under Illinois School Code Section 5, “beginning with the school year, a school district must incorporate into the school curriculum a component on Internet safety to be taught at least once each school year to students in grade 3 or above.”
5 49 of 50 states have bullying laws in place 1 of those 49 provides funding to support the law they have
6 3 Major Types of Bullying Gossiping “Did you hear…”Name calling “You are so….”Exclusion “You can’t sit here…”Gossiping = lies and rumors
9 Bullies are usually insecure and have low self-esteem. Bullies are typically popular and have a high self-esteem.They feel entitled to their behavior.
10 Effects of bullying are short term & minor. Research says that 50% of people bullied aren’t effected it by the event(s) laterThe other 50% of people bullied say they never forget it, ever & it stays with them
11 Bullies usually outgrow their bullying behavior. 60% of bullies, in grades 6-9, have been convicted of one registered crime by age 24.Bullying is a learned behavior, it’s what they see somewhere in their own environment.
12 It’s obvious when a student is being bullied. The victim’s facial expressions generally display an “it’s ok” attitude.Bullies are smart about where & when to bullyhappens often in out of the way places; restroomsblind spots in the hallwayscoming & going to school when there isn’t supervisionBus, when a driver is concentrating on the drivingTrue or False6. Bullies typically have low self-esteem7. There are few long term effects of bullyingThese are bullies who were not dealt with in grades 6-9On-going bullying can have profound effects on individuals who have limited resources for coping with bullying and for confronting and stopping aggression. Anxiety disorders, social withdrawal, substance abuse, become aggressive towards others, fearfulness, helplessness, shame, alienation…most serious suicide. Refuse to go to school, loss of interest in school, grades drop among other systems.Children’s faces will let you know if it is bullying or done in fun.Bullies generally like a crowdUse the mobbing to transition into bystander culture.
13 Bullying FactsMost bullying is NOT physical but is mean names, exclusion, and gossip, rumor, lies.More bullying is done by boys, but girl bullying is increasing.Bullying is more likely during school hours than on the way to and from school.Bullying involves imbalance of power. It is a form of victimization and not about conflict.Adults are often unaware of bullying problems and the extent to which bullying occurs in schools.True or FalseMost bullying is physicalBoys are the only gender that bullyMales are most often bullied by other males. Females are are bullied by males and females.Most bullying occurs on the busBullying is about conflictAdults are very aware of when and where bullying occurs25% of educators don’t see anything wrong with bullying and putdowns and consequently, only 4% intervene in bullying incidentsWhere are the hot spots in your school? Ask the kids!Children with less power –( both socially or physically) need adult help and coaching in addressing bullying
14 CyberBullying.us defines cyber bullying as "willful and repeated harm inflicted through the medium of electronic text." Research compiled by: Dr. Justin W. Patchin and Dr. Sameer Hinduja. One of the best ways to fight an issue, such as bullying, is to have correct facts and figures.
15 Cyber bullying statistics show that the affect this abuse has on victims can be devastating. Cyber victimization has been shown to cause poor grades, emotional spirals, poor self-esteem, repeated school absences, depression, and in some cases suicide. These outcomes are similar to real-life bullying outcomes, except for that with cyber bullying there is often no escape. School ends at 3 p.m,. while the Internet is open 24/7.
16 More Known Facts about Cyber Bullying Cyber bullying can happen in many different arenas such as s, Web sites, text messaging, cell phones, three-way calling, video, blogs and any other form of communication that occurs electronically. Cyber bullies sometimes, but not always, know their victims in real life.It’s easier for a bully to get away with abusing another individual online than offline. The obvious reason is anonymity. No one will ever likely see the abuse occur unless the victim tells. And as the research above shows, this rarely happens.Statistics are useful; they often outline important problems but the next step is to learn how to deal with the impact of cyber bullying. Taking step to prevent cyber bullying is the most important issue when it comes to helping teens.
17 The six most common forms of cyberbullying have been described as: Harassment:Repeatedly sending offensive, rude, and insulting messagesDenigration:Distributing information about another that is derogatory and untrue through posting it on a web page, sending it to others through or instant messaging, or posting or sending digitally altered photos of someone.Flaming:Online "fighting" using electronic messages with angry, vulgar languageImpersonationBreaking into an or social networking account and using that person's online identity to send or post vicious or embarrassing material to /about others.Outing and Trickery:Sharing someone's secrets or embarrassing information, or tricking someone into revealing secrets or embarrassing information and forwarding it to others.Cyber StalkingRepeatedly sending messages that include threats of harm or are highly intimidating, or engaging in other online activities that make a person afraid for his or her safety (depending on the content of the message, it may be illegal)
18 Change can happen with bystanders. Address bystander behavior and you can decrease the bullying behaviors.Create the culture to stop the bullying when you see it.Talk about safety, when to step inAcknowledge the students’ efforts to obtain help. If they did not seek help, support the victim, or they responded with aggression, provide instruction for appropriate responses. For example, “If you see bullying and don’t know what to do, get an adult to handle the situation” or “Tell the person who is bullying to stop” or support the victimCreate a classroom/school culture by establishing rules and enforcing them; instituting anti-bullying lessons (waging peace), developing relationships with the students and student to studentFor BystandersEncourage them to talk with youReview the school rules and policies with the studentsDiscuss with bystanders how they might intervene and/ or get help next timeAcknowledge students who took action to stop the bullying
21 As a society, we’ve been talking about youth online risk for years, but we’ve only just begun to talk about young people’s resilience, which is what helps them keep risk from turning into harm.resilience – the ability to deal with negative experiences without being upset by them – doesn’t come from avoiding risk, online or offline.…as children learn how to adequately cope with (online) adversities, they develop (online) resilience,” write Leen d’Haenens, Sofie Vandoninck and Verónica Donoso of EU Kids Online in the UK.
22 What it enables: “Resilient children are able to tackle adverse situations in a problem-focused way, and to transfer negative emotions into positive (or neutral) feelings,” the authors write.Gender differences: Boys were less resilient at a younger age, girls were less resilient as teenagers.Online and offline inseparable: “Children with more psychological problems suffer more from online as well as offline risks” (resonant with findings of a just-released study in the US that builds on earlier research cited here)Most popular coping strategy (but resilient kids usually use more than 1): “Talking to somebody is the most popular employed strategy, regardless of the type of risk, especially among girls and younger children who tend to employ this communicative strategy more often.” The authors recommend encouraging “open communication, both at home and at school.”Other education needed: Teach children effective coping strategies, including blocking and abuse-reporting tools, but especially social-emotional literacy (I added the latter, based on other research and the authors’ advice that “special attention to children with low self-efficacy and psychological difficulties … is crucial.”It’s not either/or, but a spectrum: “Being resilient is not a simple ‘yes or no’ question, and … would rather be understood as a continuum from very low to very high resilience.” Over all, “girls, younger children, children with more psychological problems, those receiving more support from their friends, children whose parents mediated their internet use and children whose parents were low internet users were less resilient.”Parents’ own tech use a significant factor: Promoting Net use by parents “is crucial, as parents who are frequent internet users themselves feel more confident with the medium, and also feel more confident in guiding their children … promoting a positive attitude toward online safety and proactive coping strategies.”Mediation better than restriction: In terms of parenting style, the authors write that “monitoring or mediating approaches seem to be more beneficial for children’s online resilience than restrictive ones.” They add that more research is needed for different types of risks and on social practices of young people (such as the article in Pediatrics discussed below).Taking away the Net doesn’t help: It’s related to a passive or fatalistic approach that doesn’t build self-confidence or - efficacy online, the researchers found. “Going offline was related to missing out on online opportunities, and the problem could easily re-occur because the cause had not been tackled.”Educators key too: Teachers are needed to “stimulate their pupils to resort to proactive problem-solving strategies,” so “sufficient digital skills among the teachers themselves are therefore essential.”
23 How much time do teens spend online? UK study says- 31 hours per weekNielson study says – 11.2 hours per weekAnother study from has this to say: I think kids/teens are online like all of the time…
24 Do not respond to an online bully Do not reply to s, posts, IM's or text messages. This is what the bully wants. They want you to engage with them. They want to manipulate you into responding.If you respond in any way that is emotional or lets them know that they are getting to you and are able to make you upset it only encourages the cyber bully.This can urge the bully on. Don’t get into a flame war (flames are nasty s) this can happen easily…bullies learn what triggers you.
25 Don’t delete bullying information Messages sent on the internet are traceable. Make sure to keep all messages as the police will be able to use this information to track down the culprit. Do not delete any messages and save as much information you can about chats, IM's, text messages, blog posts, websites, etc.This will also help show just how often the cyber bullying takes place, at what times and even from which location. Every computer, server and device connected over the (TCP/IP) network has a unique IP (Internet Protocol) address. Police along with the cyber bully's ISP (Internet Service Provider) can use this information to trace the bully right to his or her house.
26 Report Cyber-bullying or Stalking It is your responsibility to report this behavior so the perpetrators can be dealt with.Report to your ISPReport to local authorities
27 Posting on social networks You can secure a social networking page for yourself but are you securing everything?Many still show pictures from your pageThere is a setting to secure your pictures when you upload themAre you posting pictures of others? Do you have their permission?The fun little questionnaires & games: your answers can sometimes be used against you
29 Questions to ask yourself… Is this OK for my “Grandma” (or ______) to read or see?Is this representing the person I am working to be?Could this be misunderstood?Is it positive?Wisconsin events- if I posted a quick comment about teacher unions…what problems would that create for me? Is a small space, just room for a comment, the place to hash out something with many sides, many views, many passionately invested?
30 Goals… Become critical readers of online information Make wise choices about sharing informationMake wise choices about purchasing onlineSelf-evaluate- what I am adding to my (online) communityTechnology is advancing so quickly now that we don’t have time to make ethical decisions about it.Before, at its slower pace, we could get used to things, figure out the implications.
31 If you wouldn’t say it to a person’s face… Why put it online?What do our kids see us do as adults, that they may think is OK? That may be bullying in reality? What actions do we need to change ourselves?
32 Snapchat What is Snapchat? If Snapchat obtains knowledge that a user is under the age of 13, it is our policy to terminate the account and delete any personal information associated with that account.
33 Instagram What is Instagram? Instagram is a photo sharing mobile app that’s (currently) only available on the iPhone and iPod Touch. Users can either upload a photo from their device’s library or take a photo right then and there and use Instagram to change the way the photo looks.The user then has the option to simultaneously upload this photo to a number of social networks, including Facebook, Twitter, Flickr and Foursquare, depending on which ones they sync to their Instagram account. The photo will also be uploaded to the Instagram community where people can like and comment on it.
34 Vine Video App What parents need to know Parents need to know that Vine is a social media app that lets you post and watch looping six-second video clips. The Twitter-owned service has taken the online world by storm, but parents need to be aware that it is full of inappropriate content for children. With the most basic creative searching, kids can find nudity, sex, drug use, offensive language, hard core sexuality, and more. While there are plenty of cute, fun videos, even adults might be shocked at some of the things they find. In iTunes, the app is listed for 17+, and users must confirm that they are 17 or older before installing (this is as simple as tapping "OK" -- there is no verification). While it's possible to limit the people watching your videos to just your followers, users must constantly monitor who's following them to ensure their videos aren't being shown to strangers.
35 Wage peace… Conduct a climate survey Adult supervision is increased in hot spotsSet school-wide expectations and enforceAdults intervene when they observe any instance of bullyingBe proactive and talk about itEmpower bystanders to step up to do the right thingSet classroom rules/expectations:Respect other physically & emotionallyInclude others in groupsHelp others being bulliedClimate survey in BAKE SALE book (appendix)Determine the hot spots and then increase supervision (use logs, climate survey, etc.)Norm and model the behavior you expect and communicate that you will respond to non-complianceAct immediately and call it bullying behavior; describe the behavior; use natural/logical consequences; involve parents of both the bully and victimUse lessons devoted to discussing bullying and teaching students how to address bullying problemsUse cooperative activitiesRole – play how students can diffuse bullyingSchool wide rules are established, posted and enforced. Positive and negative consequences for rules are developed and communicated to students.
36 Rosalind Wiseman-Culture / Climate Culture: is the unwritten rules, shared ideas, assumptions, values and beliefs that give an organization its identity.Climate: is the quality and character of school life based on patterns of students, parents and school personnel‘s experience of school life and reflects the norms, goals, values, teaching and learning practices.
37 When a child feels they’ve been a target- you don’t: Say- bullies are insecure, jealous or weakIgnore it, walk awaySay- I’m sure they didn’t mean anything by itThat’s just the way the they are/boys are/etc.You’ll be stronger for the experienceSay to hit them back
38 Don’t…-Ask kids to work it out! -Ask the bully to apologize to the victim and think that the apology ends things.Imbalance of powerExample of battered womanCan’t ask victim to do act in a way they don’t have the skill/tools to do20/20 episode
39 Victim Strategies - DOSpend time with student to learn about the situation. Get the facts: who, what, when, where, and how to assess the student’s reaction to bullying.To help the student feel less powerless, ask the student what he or she needs to feel safe at school.Let other staff know so they can provide support and assistance.Follow-up to let the student know you are a resource.Have student keep an Instance Log.Follow-up with administration and parents.Why log? Documentation/helps with those making too much over nothingLog: who, what, when, where, and howuse data to monitor locations, etc.Meeting with parents: gather information from reports and logsgenerate ideas for intervention plans that address bullying behaviordo not become side trackedemphasize common goalsremain calmstate facts without making commentaryexpress a desire to work with parentsaccept accountability for oversights in supervisionStudent who are victimized are asked to log behavior. Discuss with theperson being bullied that the information will be kept confidential. If the behavioris not life threatening, after a specified time (a few weeks) ask the student toshare his/her log with a trusted staff member. The staff member, after reportingthe incident to the administration, will assist the student to develop a safety plan.One plan might involve increasing supervision in identified hotspots. In another,a counselor may role-play how students might support the person being bullied
40 When a child feels they’ve been a target- you do: Say you are sorry it happenedThank you for telling meTogether we’re going to work on thisIf we need to bring someone else in, we will decide together and I’ll go with you if you want
41 On the spot interventions… http://www.wagepeacetoday.com/ Intervene immediately – stand between the bully and the victim.Label the action as bullying behavior and refer to the rules that were violated and the consequence.Support the victim-reassure him/her that bullying behavior will not be tolerated. Have victim share information and log the incident.Confront the perpetrator(s) and give immediate sanctions for the behavior. Consequences need to be predetermined.Physically position yourself to support the victim“Shoving is bullying and is against our ‘hands, feet and objects to self’ rule.”Let victim know that all possible steps will be taken to prevent a reoccurrence.Isolation, loss or recess, removal from room, etc. DO NOT bring parties together to apologize or offer mediation.Power imbalance may result in an intimidating situation and fear for the person being bullied.
42 Interventions: http://www.stopbullying.gov/educators/index.html Intervene immediately. Separate the students involved. Do not immediately ask about or discuss the reason for the bullying or try to sort out the facts.Request more information. Get the facts. Speak to students involved (participants and observers) in the incident separately and ask what happened.Tell the students you are aware of their behavior. Talk to the students involved separately.Make it a teachable experience. Helping bystanders understand what has happened and why may be important for preventing future incidents.
43 Interventions, con’t…Address bystanders and provide guidance on how to intervene.Inform the parents as quickly as possible – a call home the same day is preferable, followed by an appointment at school for the parents, if necessary. The parents and school officials should be involved in designing a creative plan of action. Do not bring conflicting parties together.As noted on a previous slide: Acknowledge the students’ efforts to obtain help. If they did not seek help, support the victim, or they responded with aggression, provide instruction for appropriate responses. For example, “If you see bullying and don’t know what to do, get an adult to handle the situation” or “Tell the person who is bullying to stop” or support the victim
44 Effective bullying prevention efforts focus mainly on: Setting and enforcing behavior standards that lead to feelings of safety for allBuilding positive staff-student relationshipsSupporting targets of bullyingHelping bullying youth find other ways to meet their needsEmpowering peer bystanders to act.
45 Communicating with Parents BeforeGather information about incidentsGenerate ideas for intervention plans that address bullyingFocus on the issuesRemain calm and do not become defensiveEmphasize common goalsExpress a desire to work with parentsBullying behaviors often come from seeing it elsewhere. Do not attack or blame parents.DuringCommon goals – safe environment, academic successAlthough they may be seeing bullying behaviors at home, it is not advisable to blame parents.
46 Communicating with Parents, con’t State facts without making commentaryListen respectfullyDevelop intervention plans that involve parentsEncourage parents to have discussions with their child at homeEmphasize the importance of the home-school partnershipClearly describe what action each party will takeEnd with positive commentsEngage in on-going communication and follow-upJust the facts, Ma’m. Sophie sent 3 threatening notes to Maria. NOT Sophie can be mean-spirited.Having a written plan, signed by all parties, is advisableInappropriate behavior Possible Reasons for Misbehavior Goal for ImprovementAt home parents will…At school teachers will…At school the student will…Interventions Follow-up dates Progress MadeAfter
47 Bullying Resources: www.wagepeacetoday.com Bullying Prevention Handbook: A guide for Principals, Teachers, and Counselors. John Hoover and Ronald Oliver. Bloomington, IN: National Educational Service.
48 Preferred Resources:Dr. Michael CarpenterDorothy EspelageRosalind WisemanWebWiseKidsCommon Sense Media
49 Bullying Public Service Announcements A great example:
50 WE- You & I- set the example… It's up to parents and teachers to help kids become responsible and honest citizens of the future. That means they have to be able to apply the lessons they learn in life to their online and mobile lives. Be kind, be honest. Don't do something that would harm another. Make sure you know who and what you can trust. Be careful about what you reveal to others. We teach our kids these things every day. Let's remember to extend our parenting wisdom to their online and mobile worlds. This way we raise safe, responsible kids who can enjoy the amazing powers offered by these amazing technologies.WE- You & I- set the example…
51 http://www. thewaytohappiness What we hope for our community…