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We Have Been Believers By Margaret Walker. Margaret Walker July 7 th 1915-1998 Received degree from Northwestern University Taught creative writing at.

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Presentation on theme: "We Have Been Believers By Margaret Walker. Margaret Walker July 7 th 1915-1998 Received degree from Northwestern University Taught creative writing at."— Presentation transcript:

1 We Have Been Believers By Margaret Walker

2 Margaret Walker July 7 th Received degree from Northwestern University Taught creative writing at Iowa University Began work on the Federal Writers Project (1936) Among Ms. Walker’s awards are the Rosenwald Fellowship (1944), Senior Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Humanities (1972), White House Award for Distinguished Senior Citizen. Walker died of Breast cancer 1998 (83 yrs old)

3 Poem We have been believers believing in the black gods of an old land, believing in the secrets of the seeress and the magic of the charmers and the power of the devil's evil ones. And in the white gods of a new land we have been believers believing in the mercy of our masters and the beauty of our brothers, believing in the conjure of the humble and the faithful and the pure.

4 Neither the slaves' whip nor the lynchers' rope nor the bayonet could kill our black belief. In our hunger we beheld the welcome table and in our nakedness the glory of a long white robe. We have been believers in the new Jerusalem. We have been believers feeding greedy grinning gods, like a Moloch demanding our sons and our daughters, our strength and our wills and our spirits of pain. We have been believers, silent and stolid and stubborn and strong.

5 We have been believers yielding substance for the world. With our hands have we fed a people and out of our strength have they wrung the necessities of a nation. Our song has filled the twilight and our hope has heralded the dawn. Now we stand ready for the touch of one fiery iron, for the cleansing breath of many molten truths, that the eyes of the blind may see and the ears of the deaf may hear and the tongues of the people be filled with living fire.

6 Where are our gods that they leave us asleep? Surely the priests and the preachers and the powers will hear. Surely now that our hands are empty and our hearts too full to pray they will understand. Surely the sires of the people will send us a sign. We have been believers believing in our burdens and our demigods too long. Now the needy no longer weep and pray; the long-suffering arise, and our fists bleed against the bars with a strange insistency. – Margaret Walker

7 Speaker Leader speaking for the people as a whole Tell by the use of the word “We” Talking about the blacks timeline of their journey –From the beginning to the need for improvement –Pride

8 Attitude Sorrow in the beginning Unappreciated Also a sense of pride –“With our hands have we fed a people and out of our strength have they wrung the necessities of a nation” –“Neither the slaves' whip nor the lynchers' rope nor the bayonet could kill our black belief.”

9 Organization 8 stanzas Free Verse Refrain “We have been believers” Stanza 1 –This is basically describing beliefs that were held in Africa by blacks –Magic of charmers – higher beings

10 Ideas out of poetic form of the poem Stanza 2 –Move to America for the blacks –The ideas of new beliefs and Gods “White Gods of a new land” “Conjure of the humble” –It also begins the describe slave life “mercy of our masters” “beauty of our brother” –Who they must rely on for comfort

11 Ideas out of poetic form of the poem (cont.) Stanza 3 –Talks about beliefs can never be destroyed –Sense of Pride “Neither the slaves' whip nor the lynchers' rope nor the bayonet could kill our black belief” Gathering at the table to eat and the “glory of the white robe” –Idea of the last supper Jesus (led them to salvation) –Could be KKK in connection with lynching and racism

12 Ideas out of poetic form of the poem (cont.) Stanza 4 –Describes the Master as “greedy grinning gods” –Moloch demon taking the children –Talks of how sons/daughters taken into slavery (possibly away from family) –Pride – they will stay strong as a whole Stanza 5 –Pride – that the slaves are what makes the nation run –“With our hands have we fed a people and out of our strength have they wrung the necessities of a nation.” –Idea that without them the nation is nothing

13 Ideas out of poetic form of the poem (cont.) Stanza 5 (cont.) –“Our Songs” a sense of hope much like the songs during the civil right movement Freedom music Stanza 6 –Hoping that something will inspire the people –“Fiery iron, for the cleansing breath” That their ideas will be spoken for equality –Molten truths – protesting equality “that the eyes of the blind may see and the ears of the deaf may hear”

14 Ideas out of poetic form of the poem (cont.) Stanza 7 –Higher class people will realize the unjust attitudes –“Surely the sires of the people will send us a sign.” –Sires are the higher up realize equality Stanza 8 –States that we need to begin doing things for ourselves –If we do this we will succeed even though its out of the norm for us to do. “strange insistency”

15 Imagery Slaves whip –Oppression they faced while being slaves Lynchers rope –The deaths that awaited the slaves if they fell out of line Long white robe –KKK because it is in connection with the hardships –God or priest possibly saving them supporting them “the tongues of the people be filled with living fire” –The ideas of equality will come over the minds and mouths of the people

16 Diction/Syntax Some difficult words to understand for me maybe not Kyle Deming –Moloch (demon), heralded (spread of news), insistency (persistence) A lot of reading between the lines to fully grasp Syntax –Change from present to past Stanzas 1-5 past and after that it more like present and actions to be done

17 Conclusion “We Have Been Believers” is about the struggle of black slaves and the racial issue they needed to deal with. Through time they realized that things if they wanted them done, needed to be done by themselves. Sitting back and feeling bad and waiting for things to happen is not going to work. To get things going one must grab hold of the reins and go.

18 Work cited aldedhttp://dictionary.reference.com/browse/her alded icleview.asp?Post=300http://www.deliriumsrealm.com/delirium/art icleview.asp?Post=300 ms- writers/dir/alexander_margaret_walker/http://www.olemiss.edu/depts/english/ ms- writers/dir/alexander_margaret_walker/


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