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© 2010 Math Solutions 21 st Century Arithmetic: Developing Powerful Thinkers Session # 59 Renee Everling Model Schools Conference---Orlando, Florida June 25-27, 2012 mathsolutions.com/presentations

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© 2010 Math Solutions How would you describe a student who is a powerful thinker in math class?

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© 2010 Math Solutions Common Core Mission Statement The Common Core State Standards provide a consistent, clear understanding of what students are expected to learn, so teachers and parents know what they need to do to help them. The standards are designed to be robust and relevant to the real world, reflecting the knowledge and skills that our young people need for success in college and careers. With American students fully prepared for the future, our communities will be best positioned to compete successfully in the global economy.

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© 2010 Math Solutions All young Americans must learn to think mathematically, and they must think mathematically to learn. National Research Council Adding It Up: Helping Children Learn Mathematics. J. Kilpatrick, J. Swafford, and B. Findell, eds., p. 1. Mathematics Learning Study Committee, Center for Education, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

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© 2010 Math Solutions Standards for Mathematical Practice These processes and proficiencies, which all educators should seek to develop in their students, were influenced by: NCTM process standards National Research Council standards of mathematical proficiency -Adding It Up strands include: adaptive reasoning, strategic competence, conceptual understanding, procedural fluency, productive disposition

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© 2010 Math Solutions 8 Standards for Mathematical Practice Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them Reason abstractly and quantitatively Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others Model with mathematics Use appropriate tools strategically Attend to precision Look for and make use of structure Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning

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© 2010 Math Solutions What we will do in this session Experience an activity that promotes the mathematical thinking and connections that Common Core standards require. Observe classroom instruction to see how instruction and student learning are aligned. Consider how the Mathematical Practices are exemplified through these experiences.

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© 2010 Math Solutions Shifting Expectations Typical– 3rd grade Use a variety of strategies to add and subtract three-digit numbers (with and without regrouping). CCSS – 3rd grade Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic. – Fluently add and subtract within 1,000 using strategies and algorithms based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction.

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© 2010 Math Solutions Standards include… Apply properties of operations: Commutative Property; Associative Property; Distributive Property. Apply the relationship between addition and subtraction; multiplication and division. Use place value understanding in solving problems. Use strategies and algorithms based on place value, properties of operations, and /or relationships between addition and subtraction or multiplication and division.

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© 2010 Math Solutions True or False Working in pairs: 1.Turn one card over, individually determine if it is true or false. 2.Take turns stating what makes it true or what makes it false. Record your thinking. 3.Consider: How did you use what you know about properties, place value, or how operations relate to each other to determine if the statement was true or false?

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© 2010 Math Solutions How does an activity like this help us think about how: Properties can help us to solve problems; Understanding place value can help us solve problems; Relationships between operations can help us solve problems?

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© 2010 Math Solutions 8 Standards for Mathematical Practice Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them Reason abstractly and quantitatively Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others Model with mathematics Use appropriate tools strategically Attend to precision Look for and make use of structure Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning

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© 2010 Math Solutions From the Classroom Grade 3 class from South Shades Crest Elementary in Hoover, AL Number Talk about: From Number Talks: Helping Children Build Mental Math and Computation StrategiesA Multimedia Professional Learning Resource, Math Solutions 2010

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© 2010 Math Solutions Focus for Viewing Video What evidence do you find that the teacher offers instructional experiences to support students in developing: fluency in adding using strategies based on place value, properties of operations; and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction?

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© 2010 Math Solutions 3.1 video clip

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© 2010 Math Solutions Focus for Discussing Content What evidence did you find that the teacher offers instructional experiences to support students in developing: fluency in adding using strategies based on place value, properties of operations; and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction?

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© 2010 Math Solutions 8 Standards for Mathematical Practice Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them Reason abstractly and quantitatively Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others Model with mathematics Use appropriate tools strategically Attend to precision Look for and make use of structure Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning

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© 2010 Math Solutions Shifting Expectations Typical– 5th grade Use a variety of strategies to divide three-digit numbers by one- and two-digit numbers. CCSS – 5th grade Perform operations with multi-digit whole numbers and with decimals to hundredths. – Find whole-number quotients of whole numbers with up to four-digit dividends and two-digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. – Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.

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© 2010 Math Solutions From the Classroom Grade 5 class from South Shades Crest Elementary in Hoover, AL Number Talk about: 496 ÷ 8 From Number Talks Helping Children Build Mental Math and Computation StrategiesA Multimedia Professional Learning Resource, Math Solutions 2009

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© 2010 Math Solutions Focus for Viewing Video What evidence do you find that the teacher provided instructional experiences to support students in: Using relationships among numbers and operations to solve a problem; and/or Using properties to solve a problem? What is the role of teacher planning in this lesson?

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© 2010 Math Solutions 5.5 video clip

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© 2010 Math Solutions Focus for Discussing Content What evidence did you find that the teacher provided instructional experiences to support students in: Using relationships among numbers and operations to solve a problem; and/or Using properties to solve a problem? What is the role of teacher planning in this lesson?

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© 2010 Math Solutions 8 Standards for Mathematical Practice Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them Reason abstractly and quantitatively Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others Model with mathematics Use appropriate tools strategically Attend to precision Look for and make use of structure Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning

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© 2010 Math Solutions How would you describe a student who is a powerful thinker in math class?

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© 2010 Math Solutions Conclusion The promise of standards: These Standards are not intended to be new names for old ways of doing business. They are a call to take the next step. It is time for states to work together to build on lessons learned from two decades of standards based reforms. It is time to recognize that standards are not just promises to our children, but promises we intend to keep. Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (p. 5). © 2010 Common Core State Standards Initiative.

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© 2010 Math Solutions Resources

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© 2010 Math Solutions Reflection With the goal of developing powerful thinkers in mind, what is the most important insight regarding the Common Core and your plans for supporting teachers in implementing the Common Core youve had during this session?

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© 2010 Math Solutions mathsolutions.com mathsolutions.com/presentations

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© 2010 Math Solutions

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