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Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement.

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Presentation on theme: "Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement."— Presentation transcript:

1 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services 1 Rehabilitation & Employment Services Circles of Support and Accountability In New Zealand A Cautious Approach Jim van Rensburg The Reintegration Puzzle 2013

2 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services 2 There is much to be proud of in the systems that have developed to protect our children and the public generally from those people assessed as posing a high risk of continuing harm. It is, however, the responsibility of us all to ensure that such work is carried out in a manner that is respectful and exemplifies humanity and care.

3 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services 3 Continuing legislation that toughens and tightens the freedom of individuals in the name of public protection is not always in the best interest of society as a whole. If we demonise a particular group of people, excluding them from our communities, their risk will rise and others will be hurt. These are the challenges we all face in the successful management of those who have committed sexual offences and remain a risk to the public. Chris Wilson : “Managing the Problem”

4 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services 4 CoSA – The Beginning 1994 Ontario, Canada Mennonite Church Rev Harry Nigh CoSA applied to offenders on WED (Warrant Expiry Date)

5 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services 5 Circles UK Circles in the UK started in 2000 Release of CSO created public anger Home office reluctant – unsafe for volunteers Lucy Faithful Foundation – obtained funding Soon followed by Quakers in Thames Valley Organic (Canada) and Systemic (UK)

6 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services Circles UK 6 Success in Thames Valley Growing number of individual projects 2007 – Circles UK formed By 2010 = 74 circles in UK

7 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services Circles Europe 7 Circles started in Netherlands 2008 In 2009 : Circles Europe – Together for Safety Funding from European Union Now in Belgium and other European countries. Pilot Programmes in Ireland and Scotland

8 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services 8 Challenge in NZ Increasingly tough sentences Preventive Detention (PD) a way to contain risk 2002 – Change to 5 year min parole period for PD sentences By 2007 – 121 on PD

9 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services 9 To Treat or not to Treat Men on PD eligible for treatment Treated but then not released Lacked robust support Had to show – no longer a risk to society CoSA introduced at Te Piriti in 2009

10 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services 10 Pilot Project Pilot Project approved Started in 2009 at Te Piriti Buy-in from Parole Board Other key stakeholders on board Low public profile Learnt from overseas experience

11 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services 11 Te Piriti Special Treatment Unit Auckland

12 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services 12 Circle of Support & Accountability Professionals Volunteers Core member

13 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services 13 First Circle of Support & Accountability

14 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services 14 The Circle Process Determine readiness of potential core member Identify suitable volunteers (vetting process) Temporary releases Expand circle and train volunteers Involve professionals (Probation, Police etc) Release by Parole Board Support Circle operation Takes 12 – 24 months

15 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services Outcome of Pilot project (Offenders) 15 Ten men released on circles Four recalled, one of whom re-offended Longest out 42 months, five out between 18 – 36 months Temporary releases critical Trust between circle and probation critical Circles instrumental in recalls

16 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services Pilot Outcome (Volunteers) Volunteers were recruited and trained Key supporter finding others No major public announcements or promotion Networking and addressing small groups Introduce them to Parole Board - transparency

17 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services Pilot Outcome (Stakeholders) 17 Key stakeholders approved and supported the project No panic or anger thus far Thankfully not tested through misconduct Maori and Pacifica People support CoSA Circles now also at Kia Marama

18 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services Effect 18 Circle becomes substitute family Re-offending reduced significantly Quality of offenders’ lives improved Volunteers say its a meaningful experience 68% in community feel safer when offender in circle (Canadian research) Saves tax payer in excess of $50K p.a. per released prisoner

19 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services Current Challenge 19 Expectations of PD offenders Currently 142 in prison Formed “prep” group at unit 9 – currently 12 men Selection panel to determine readiness Need many more volunteers Need funding – training, volunteer expenses etc Need to go public with confidence

20 Reducing Re-offending Operating Principles Purposeful offender interactions | Seamless management of offenders | Succeeding with Māori | Professional judgement | Evidence based approach | Optimised external relationships | Department-wide collaboration | Cost effective & efficient services Whereto from here? 20 Circles ideally a joint venture between State and Community Should ideally be managed by a joint Trust, mainly funded by State Should be available to all high risk CSO Submission made to National Office Accepted in principle


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