8 4. PUBLISHING COMPUTER HANDWRITTEN Select font and size. Ruled margin. Line spacing.Use thesaurus.Use spell check.Date at top of page.Underline heading.Name at bottom of page.HANDWRITTENRuled margin.Underline heading.Date in margin.Neatest writing.Neatly erase mistakes.Name at bottom of page.
9 BUILDING WITH THE SIX TRAITS Idea development.Organisation.Voice.Conventions.Sentence Fluency.Word Choice.
10 IDEA DEVELOPMENTLike the foundation of a house, idea development serves as the solid base on which a good piece of writing rests. If you start with a solid idea, your writing can grow as big as you want.Topic: personal experience; investigated; personally important.Focus: zooms in or zooms out; narrow and straight.Details: interesting and important; rich; quality beats quantity; memorable.Makes Sense: easy to follow; understandable; all pieces fit together; ideas connect.Ownership: research is in own words; risks taken; personal insight shown; writes uniquely.
11 ORGANIZATIONThe structure of writing. Just as a house has an entrance, an exit, hallways that connect, and a sensible layout, so too does a piece of good writing. Plans are drawn before a house is built; writing should be “planned” too.
12 ORGANIZATION Plan appropriate graphic organizer used to plan writing the order of the writing makes sensethe most important ideas receive the most attentiontransitions sound naturalBeginninghooks or grabs the readeran inviting leadeffective topic sentenceshows where writing is going
13 ORGANIZATION Middle parts fit together smoothly subtopics or parts are clearly separatedideas connectcontains the “heart of the writing”Endmight leave you thinking or wonderingMakes the writing feel completeleaves the reader feeling satisfiedties things together
14 ORGANIZATION Title hits at the writing’s big idea catchy makes sense is memorable
15 VOICEThe author’s voice (a.k.a. you) should be present in every piece of writing you make. Sometimes your presence needs to be strong, but sometimes it should be kept subtle. How will you ensure that your reader recognizes this as your writing?
16 VOICEYour Personality: sound honest and sincere; shows passion and confidenceYour Emotions: energetic, heart-felt; shows feelings toward the topic (tone) and invites feelings from reader (mood)Your Style: either a storyteller or reporter; showcase your techniques; sound like you; show personal riskYour Point of View: show an opinion, consider perspectives; audience awareness and sensitivityYour Experience: know own voice; show insight; sound believable; write own topic
17 CONVENTIONSThe roof of a house – though planned from the beginning – is not built first. Think about conventions near the end of your process.Spelling: “sight words”; use a dictionary; abbreviate correctlyPunctuation: check end punctuation (periods, questions marks, exclamation points), middle punctuation (commas, apostrophes, semi-colons) and dialogue punctuation; check hyphensCapitalization: proper names; sentence beginnings; titles; do not mis-use/overuse capitals.
18 CONVENTIONSGrammar: check noun and verb and noun and pronoun agreement, check appropriateness (“gonna” versus “going to”); check verb tenseSpacing: indent paragraphs; spacing between words; do not put black spaces between paragraphs; use appropriate margins
19 SENTENCE FLUENCYJust as white clouds float peacefully in the sky, or thunder clouds arrive with alarm, sentences and phrases float through a piece of writing. Do you want your sentence fluency to be subtle or alarming?Variety of Sounds: repetition; natural sounding; rhythm and cadence; experiments with languageVariety of Beginnings: prepositions; conjunctions; participial; phrases; question wordsVariety of Sentences: complex and simple; declarative and interrogative; exclamatory and imperative; short and long
20 SENTENCE FLUENCYVariety of Connectors: transitions; connecting words and phrases; sentence flow together; experiments with colons and semi-colonsHas Readability: carefully crafted; smooth and flowing; sounds natural when read aloud; parallelism
21 WORD CHOICEWord choice – like the sun in the sky – can accomplish many things: comfort or sunburn, thirst or relaxation. The words you choose to include in your writing have profound impact on your reader.Verbs: precise and unique verbs; consider synonyms; balance of action and linking verbsAdjectives: precise and unique adjectives; considers synonyms; using fewer quality adjectives is better than using a string of weak adjectivesNouns: precise and unique nouns; purposeful use of pronouns; correct noun and pronoun agreement
22 WORD CHOICEWord Pictures: sensory images; memorable phrases; uses word pictures when appropriate; verbs, adjectives and nouns work togetherWord Play: personification; tries new vocabulary; onomatopoeia; effective similes and metaphors; alliteration
23 ONLINE READING SITESChildren’s Storybooks Online – Stories for Kids of All Ages:Stories to Read Online: andStory Place – The Children’s Digital Library:Aesop’s Fables:
24 E-BOOKS FOR OLDER STUDENTS Doctor Who the Classic Series:Open Cultures – 450 Free Audio Books: (includes The Chronicles of Narnia by C.S. Lewis and The Jungle Story by Rudyard Kipling)Online Story Collections: