Presentation on theme: "Five Kingdoms of Living Things"— Presentation transcript:
1Five Kingdoms of Living Things Created by Stella Thalluri 2014
2Five Kingdoms of Living Things God’s benevolence is attested to by His abundant provision for the needs of His creatures and in His constant sustaining of the cosmos.God is the Creator of all things (Genesis 1:1, Exodus 20:11, Ecclesiastes 11:5; Romans 1:20).
3Five Kingdoms of Living Things God preserves and controls His creation so that it continues to function as He planned (Genesis 1; Nehemiah 9:6; Job 9:5-7; Amos 4:6-10).God uses the creation to reveal His existence and character (Romans 1:20; Hebrews 3:3-4).
4Five Kingdoms of Living Things Classification is simply a way to put an order to God's creation.Biologists have taken an enormous amount of data and have arranged it into five kingdoms of living things.These classification systems allow us to see the similarities and relationships that exist between organisms in creation.The five kingdom classification is the most important contribution biologists have made in understanding God’s creation.
5Each living thing must have most of the following: Ability to MOVE around from place to place, or make things inside it move aroundEAT to get energy to breathe, move, and growGROW during its lifetimeBREATHE in gasesREPRODUCE to make the next generationCHANGE as it reacts to the environment
6Remembering is easy! My - move Eggs are- eat Baked with- breathe Green and- growRed - reproduceCapsicums - change
7The biodiversity of God’s creation organised into a ‘five kingdom’ Note: The recent discovery of Bacteria which is part of God's creation that live in extreme environment are placed under the Archaea. Bacteria and Archaea come under Monera.
8The 5 KingdomsTaxonomya. the science of identifying, naming, and classifyingClassificationa. the act of placing objects in groups based on characteristicsScientists use both of these to organize living organisms.The largest group living things are placed in is a kingdom (there are 5).The smallest classification group is the species. The second smallest is the genus.
9Protista: Complex, single-celled life forms (eukaryotic) Usually can only be seen through a microscopeCan be parasites that cause diseaseCan make its own food or feed on other living thingsA protist has a nucleus.Examples: ameba, paramecium, simple algaeparameciumameba
10Monera: Simple single cells (prokaryotic) Shaped like rods, spirals, and round ballsSo small they can only be seen through a microscopeNo nucleus!Example: bacteriaBacteria
11Monera and Protista protista monera living Has a nucleus Eukaryotic(complex)Most are singlecelledProkaryotic(simple)ProducersOrconsumersprotistamoneralivingExamples:Kelp, ameba,parameciumNonucleusHas anucleusBacteria
12Fungi: Many-celled organisms Absorb food from living or dead things (consumers).Parasitic “plants” (They are not true plants because they do not have chlorophyll to make their own food.)Examples: mushrooms, bread mold, penicillin, mildew, and yeast
13Plants:Many-celledContain chlorophyll used to make their own food (producers) and gives them a green color (photosynthesis)Have cell walls and large vacuolesDivided into two main groups: vascular and nonvascular plants
14I. Two major groups of plants: A. Vascular plants:1. Have conducting tissues (xylem and phloem), leaves, stems and roots.2. Have a root system for anchoring the plant and absorbing water and nutrients from the soil.3. Have vessels that make tubes for moving water throughout the plant.
15B. Non-vascular plants 1. Do not have conducting tissues, leaves and roots. They are small.2. Require water for fertilization so they must grow in moist habitats.3. Reproduce by spores.4. Have rhizoids that hold them in place.
16Vascular and Nonvascular TallHas roots, root hairs, stems, tubesSome have flowers, fruit, seedsChlorophyllSome reproduce by sporesHave a cell wallNeed water, air, sunlightShortDo not have roots, leaves, flowers, root hairs, stems, fruit, tubes, seedsChlorophyllReproduce by sporesHave a cell wallNeed water, air, sunlightHave rhizoids that hold them in place but do not absorb water or nutrients
17Vascular Vs. Non-Vascular has rootsshortchlorophyllhaveroothairsnorootsvascularnon-vascularHave plantcellscan betallHave vacuoles &cell wallsDon’t have leaves,stems, or seedsanchored to dirtMake theirown food
18Connecting LearningDraw a picture of the celery and moss the next day. Mark the waterline on your cup. Find and record the ending mass of the celery and moss. Measure the height of the celery and the moss. Record all information with labels.How did the moss and celery change?Which plant moved the most water? Explain with data.Which structures help vascular plants move water?Why do you think vascular plants are larger than nonvascular?Is an oak tree a vascular or nonvascular plant? How did this experiment help you with this question?What are you wondering now?
19Animals: Divided into 2 main groups: 1. Invertebrates: animals without backbones2. Vertebrates: animals with backbonesVertebrateInvertebrate
20Vertebrates and Invertebrates Some have anexoskeletonHavebackbonesVertebratesInvertebratesExo meansoutsideNobackbonesHave anendoskeletonEndo meansinside
21Fish Physical features: Fins Gills Cold-blooded Scales Classification Groups: Animal Kingdom, VertebratesFacts: Fish breathe. Fish lay eggs.
22Amphibians Physical Features: Moist, slimy bodies Live on land AND in waterBreathe with gills as well as lungs (sometimes in different stages of life)Cold-bloodedClassification Groups: Animal Kingdom, VertebratesFacts: They lay eggs in moist places. They may have gills that develop into lungs.
23Reptiles Physical Features: Dry, scaly skin Cold-blooded Breathe with lungsSpend most of their time on landClassification Groups: Animal Kingdom, VertebratesFacts: There are 4 types: lizards, snakes, turtles, and alligators/crocodiles.Most lay eggs.
24Birds Physical Features Warm-blooded Covered with feathers Live on land, in trees, & on waterDon’t have front legsHave wingsHave short, soft feathers called downClassification Groups: Animal Kingdom, VertebratesFacts: Birds have beaks. Most fly. Few live in cold weather. They have hollow bones. Some have webbed feet.
25Mammals Physical Features: Warm-blooded Have hair/fur to keep warm Breathe with lungsGive birth to live young, lay eggs, or have babies in pouches (marsupials).Feed or nurse their young (milk glands)Can be carnivores (meat eaters), herbivores (plant eaters), or omnivores (plant/meat eaters)
26Classification Groups: Animal Kingdom, Vertebrates Facts:Keep steady body temperatures.Some have fat/blubber to keep warm (whales).We are mammals!Temperature does not affect their activity levels.
27Sponges Physical Features: Live in water. Have no heads or faces. Have small openings, or holes (for breathing).Classification Groups: Animal Kingdom, InvertebratesFacts: Sponges are the simplest invertebrates. Most sponges in kitchens are artificial.
28Mollusks Physical Features: Have soft bodies like worms. Have two body openings.Some have a mantel (hard protective covering). A snail does; an octopus does not.Some have a strong muscular foot (not feet—just one foot).Classification Groups: Animal Kingdom, InvertebratesFacts: There are 3 types: snails, scallops, and octopus. They are found in fresh/saltwater or on land.
29Spiny-Skinned Animals Physical Features:Have spines that cover their bodies.Have tube feet.Classification Groups: Animal Kingdom, InvertebratesFacts: They live in oceans. They can pull off a scallop’s shell to eat the soft animal inside!
30Hollow-Bodied Animals Physical Features:Have a hollow center lined with digestive cells.Have tentacles with sting ray cells.Have a mouth.Classification Groups: Animal Kingdom, InvertebratesFacts: ERT find out characteristics of this animal group.
31Flatworms & Roundworms Physical Features:They feed on other plants oranimals (parasites).Can be round or flat. Roundworms live in soil. Flatworms live in salt/freshwater.Flatworms have one hole. Roundworms have two.Classification Groups: Animal Kingdom, InvertebratesFacts: They are more simple than segmented worms.Tape worms can grow up to 72 feet!
32Segmented Worms Physical features: Have two openings for digestion. Have a segmented body.Have a brain, heart, and blood.Classification Groups: Animal Kingdom, InvertebratesFacts: They are found in soil or fresh/saltwater.
33Arthropods Physical Features: Have an exoskeleton. Have jointed legs. CrabArthropodsPhysical Features:Have an exoskeleton.Have jointed legs.Have segmented bodies.Most have eyes and feelers called antennas.Classification Groups: Animal Kingdom, InvertebratesFacts: They live in fresh/saltwater or on land. Insects, arachnids (spiders/ticks/scorpions), and crustaceans (lobsters/crabs/shrimps)are included in the Arthropod group.They are the largest animal groupthat exists.Arachnid (tarantula)insect
34Can you compare and contrast the 5 kingdoms? Moneran Protist Fungus Plant AnimalOne-celledHas anucleusmorecomplexthanmoneraMost aremany-celledMany-Celled2 mainGroupsVascularNon-vascularMany-celledVertebratesinvertebratesOne-celledwith nomembraneBacteriaParamecium
35References http://www.tutorvista.com/content/biology Nature of Biology Book 1 4E by Judith Kinnear and Marjory MartinNelsons Biology VCE Units 1 and 2