Presentation on theme: "GRAMMARS OF MOBILITY AND SEDENTARISM Somalis, Rom-gypsies and the wellfare state Kjøbenhavns Universitet 29.04.08 Ada Engebrigtsen NOVA."— Presentation transcript:
GRAMMARS OF MOBILITY AND SEDENTARISM Somalis, Rom-gypsies and the wellfare state Kjøbenhavns Universitet Ada Engebrigtsen NOVA
MOBILITY MULTIVOCAL CONCEPT AT LEAST 3 BASIC MEANINGS: Physical – moving between places Social – up or down the social ladder Cultural/mental – readiness, willingness to move in both senses
NOMADOLOGY Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari Philosophy of movement and difference: Nomads = the “non-aligned” forces, groups, processes and matter not controlled or at least incorporated into state power. Eks: global economic corporations, gangs of street children, Al-quaida networks? Sumsistence nomads. State = the controlling, centralizing, universalising, difference-fighting forces of the capitalist powers Interdependent forces that transform into each other.
Grammars of identity and alterity Gerd Baumann and Andre Gingrich Shared classificatory structures: Orientalist grammar: E. Said - Based on binary opposition that maybe reversed Segmentary grammar: Evans Pritchard – based on contextual awareness of who is friend and foe according to segment in lineage. Encompassing grammar: L. Dumont – difference on a low level is encompassed on a higher level: “Brahmins and Shudras are all part of humankind”.
Somalis Grammar of mobility 1: segmented grammars of identity alterity, shifting alignments Grammar of mobility 2: Dispersal of resources – marriage and divorce system – clan no fixed kinship system - nomadic ethos Grammar of mobility 3: Relations between nomads and non-nomads,; transnational family and clan networks – travelling/moving
Roma in Norway Grammar of mobility 1: segmentary/encompassment grammars of identity/alterity Grammar of mobility 2: “war machine” – exploiting stereotypes - anti-education – acephalous political system – kris etc Grammars of mobility 3: nomadism/ sedentarism – transnational network organisation – readiness to move