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SOUNDSCAPES, LISTENING AND ATTENTION PHD MERI KYTÖ UNIVERSITY OF EASTERN FINLAND REALM OF THE SENSES / AALTO 10.2.2014.

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Presentation on theme: "SOUNDSCAPES, LISTENING AND ATTENTION PHD MERI KYTÖ UNIVERSITY OF EASTERN FINLAND REALM OF THE SENSES / AALTO 10.2.2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 SOUNDSCAPES, LISTENING AND ATTENTION PHD MERI KYTÖ UNIVERSITY OF EASTERN FINLAND REALM OF THE SENSES / AALTO

2 LECTURE OUTLINE Soundscape definition Soundscape Studies Acoustic communication Key terms Listening Attention Modes (intentionality) Dispositions Soundscape and sound art Phonography ”arranging”

3 SOUNDSCAPE STUDIES Background of the field The joy and challenge of multidiscplinarity Some literature: Schafer: The tuning of the world (1977) Truax: Acoustic communication (1984) Five village soundscapes (1975) Acoustic environments in change (2009) Järviluoma et al: Sata suomalaista äänimaisemaa (2004) Augoyard & Torgue: A l’ecoute d’environnement: Répertoire des effets sonores (1995) Expansive field: web resources

4 WORLD SOUNDSCAPE PROJECT World Soundscape Project Simon Fraser University, Vancouver (Canada), 1970s Multidisciplinarity, radio programs, recording Cultural meaning of sound, the positive approach Local decision making Change, sounds forth saving, soundscape design Listening to the environment, pedagogy (”ear cleaning”)

5 FIVE VILLAGE SOUNDSCAPES / ACOUSTIC ENVIRONMENTS IN CHANGE 1975: Cembra, Bissingen, Lesconil, Skruv, Dollar Methodological experiments dB measurements, sound preference tests, listening walks, sound diaries, prominent sounds heard, traffic count 2000: + Nauvo Methodological update Cultural research and ethnomusicology, change, memory studies, ethics, positionality : Soundscapes and cultural sustainability

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9 ONE HUNDRED FINNISH SOUNDSCAPES Sata suomalaista äänimaisemaa ( ) Idea from Japan: 100 japanese soundscapes (K. Torigoe) Finnish Society for Acoustic Ecology + SKS, YLE, TaY, TY, JoY, TAMK, Sibelius-museum Written proposals / descriptions, a competition Recording and interviews Radio programs and publications Research Archiving Äänitys ja haastattelut A new project coming up this year…

10 ACOUSTIC COMMUNICATION Barry Truax 2001 A theoretical frame for studying soundscapes from the point of view of information exchange Key point: contextuality sound are always listened to in context, not as sound objects Listener as an active participant in information exchange, not as a passive receiver of sound data Semantic continuum speech – music – soundscape Interaction between individual (community) and the environment

11 soundenvironmentlistener ”The coat hanger”

12 SOME KEY TERMS  Keynote Keynote  Soundmark Soundmark  Sound signal Sound signal  Acoustic horizon Acoustic horizon  Lo-Fi Lo-Fi  Hi-Fi Hi-Fi

13  Noise Noise  Silence Silence  Schizophonia Schizophonia transphonia  Sound event Sound event  Sound object Sound object Pierre Schaeffer: objet sonore  Soundscape competence ”home keys”

14 METHODS? DISCIPLINES? Hildegard Westerkamp: soundscape composition, listening walks Steven Feld: acoustemology, ”styding in sound” Cultural studies, music reseach, ethnography, athropology, sociology, urban studies, environmental studies, sound art, media culture, archeology, ecology, youth studies, gender studies, education, geography, urban planning / architecture Sound studies Auditory culture studies Talking or writing about listening Recordings, photographs, videos Observation and documenting Sensory ethnography

15 LISTENING Tuuri & Eerola 2012: 7

16 LISTENING ATTENTION  background listening  listening-in-readiness  listening-in-search

17 LISTENING MODES DENOTATIVE Causal Empathetic Functional Semantic EXPERIENTIAL Connotative Kinaesthetic Reflexive REFLECTIVE Critical Reduced Tuuri & Eerola: Formulating a revised taxonomy for modes of listening. Journal of new music research 4/2012: 147.

18 PHONOGRAPHY  ”Phonography as: activism; archive; autopsy; catharsis; composition; design; discovery; documentation; eavesdropping; habit; interpretation; interpose; forecast; mapping; overhearing; reportage; sensitization; simulacra; surveillance; tourism; ventriloquism; vivisection; yardstick ” (Phonography conference 2011)    Bill Fontana: l

19 SOUND MAPS         

20 SOUND PERFORMANCE / ART AS ARRANGING  Peter Szendy: Listening – A history of our ears (2001/2008) Arranging: how do you listen? what do you hear?  John Cage: 4’33’’  David Rothenberg:  John Oswald:http://www.plunderphonics.com/http://www.plunderphonics.com/

21 AUDIO BUT NOT ONLY AUDIO Luc Ferrari: Presque rien (1968) Alvin Lucier: I am sitting in a room (1969):  Hildegard Westerkamp: Kits Beach Soundwalk (1989) Claude Schryer: Drone song from Vancouver soundscapes Steven Feld: various documents ”A score for a hole in the ground” Christina Kubisch: electrical walks


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