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Presentation on theme: " CRICOS Provider 00115M Green v Gold Open access publishing Simon Huggard Digital Infrastructure Manager Open Access Week Library Research."— Presentation transcript:

1 CRICOS Provider 00115M Green v Gold Open access publishing Simon Huggard Digital Infrastructure Manager Open Access Week Library Research Forum 25 October 2013

2 2La Trobe University 2 Outline Definitions Global issues The situation in Australia Predatory/bogus publishers Questions/Issues

3 3La Trobe University 3 Definitions – Green open access

4 4La Trobe University 4 Definitions – Gold open access Paid Open Access Some publishers are now offering … enhanced visibility of the final article through … free-to-view archiving. Typically this involves a substantial additional fee. In some cases, the option simply consists of making the published version freely available from the publisher's own server, without any other rights or permissions being granted. In others, material is still placed under an embargo. Neither of these facilities can be counted as real "open access".

5 5La Trobe University 5 Publisher definitions – Wiley 1 (1)Self-archiving (Green Open Access) This is the option of an author self-archiving the Manuscript version after a 12 month embargo period from publication in a repository. (2) Pay to publish (Hybrid Open Access) Wiley’s “pay to publish” (OnlineOpen option) - means that an article from a subscription journal becomes Open Access by a payment of a publication fee (currently $3000 per article). (3) Wiley’s Open Access Journals (Gold Open Access) These incur Article Processing Charges to pay for the article to be published. They are then freely available online via the Open Access journal site (along with ALL articles in that journal). 1. (viewed 17 Oct 2013)

6 6La Trobe University 6 FAQ about open access What is ‘green’ open access? Researchers can deposit a version of their published work into a subject-based repository or an institutional repository. This is referred to as ‘green’ open access publishing. Every university in Australia has a repository for this purpose.repository What is ‘gold’ open access? Alternatively researchers can publish in an open access journal, where the publisher of a scholarly journal provides free online access to the full content of the journal. Business models for this form of OA vary. In some cases, the publisher charges the author’s institution or funding body an article processing charge (APC). All Public Library of Science (PLoS) Journals use this model. This is referred to as ‘gold’ open access.PLoS

7 7La Trobe University 7 Finch report - UK June 2012. Report commissioned by UK government (chaired by Dame Janet Finch) a clear policy direction should be set towards support for publication in open access or hybrid journals, funded by APCs [article processing charges] … as the main vehicle for the publication of research proposes spending £60 million a year to make all publicly-funded research free to access 10 Sept 2013 - UK Business, Innovation and Skills Committee report: Gold open access is a desirable ultimate goal, focusing on it during the transition to a fully open access world is a mistake reconsider their preference for Gold open access during the five year transition period, and give due regard to the evidence of the vital role that Green open access and repositories have to play as the UK moves towards full open access reinstate and strengthen the immediate deposit mandate in its original policy and improve the monitoring and enforcement of mandated deposit

8 8La Trobe University 8 Finch Report - UK SCONUL * Sept 2013 Briefing on mandatory open access policies Most UK institutions are working on raising awareness of OA requirements Most have published OA policies Of 8 case studies (in this report), only 1 preferred green OA Many are actively promoting the green route in line with RCUK policy. Library or IT hold the Gold OA funds funds are allocated on a first come-first served basis * The Society of College, National and University Libraries (SCONUL) represents all university libraries in the UK and Ireland

9 9La Trobe University 9 Europe & US European Commission – Horizon 2020 research funding programmes: both the ‘Green’ and ‘Gold’ models are considered valid approaches to achieve open access Supports the shift of payment from subscribers to authors (Gold open access). Respects the rights of publishers to place embargoes on self-archiving in repositories US government – Feb 2013 memorandum from the U.S. Government's Office of Science and Technology Policy requiring public access to federally funded data. Federal agencies with more than $100M in R&D expenditures [must] develop plans to make … federally funded research freely available to the public within one year of publication. Source: (2013) Fuchs, C and Sandoval, M. The Diamond Model of Open Access Publishing: Why Policy Makers, Scholars, Universities, Libraries, Labour Unions and the Publishing World Need to Take Non-Commercial, Non-Profit Open Access Serious. tripleC 13(2): 428-443

10 10La Trobe University Australia Recent Mandates NHMRC revised policy on the dissemination of research findings NHMRC therefore requires that any publications arising from an NHMRC supported research project must be deposited into an open access institutional repository within a twelve month period from the date of publication. [2012] ARC open access policy The overarching aim of ARC’s Policy is to ensure that the findings of publicly funded research are made available to the wider public as soon as possible. Both the research community and the public gain from knowledge derived from ARC funded research, and both wish to derive maximum benefit from these outputs. [2013]

11 11La Trobe University 11 Australia Warwick Anderson, CEO, NHMRC – 18 Sep 2013 : we at the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) mandate that all publications from research we’ve funded be openly accessible. We and … the Australian Research Council, are flexible on how it’s done, as long as the paper is made available.mandate Australian Research Council Researchers may opt for “green” self archiving … or “gold” access. The open access movement is having a significant impact too on how we measure the impact of scientific research The NHMRC moved away from using journal impact factors in 2008 focusing more on the quality of a few papers, rather than just counting the total number of publications and being overly influenced by the reputation of the journal, can help ameliorate the publish-more-and-more syndrome Source: The Conversation: 18 Sep 2013: Quality not quantity: measuring the impact of published research. Warwick Anderson.

12 12La Trobe University 12 Issues Do authors retain copyright over their published material? How many author manuscript versions are in our repository? How do we compare nationally? What works elsewhere? How serious are we about providing open access publications? Is there a positive correlation between open access and citations?

13 13La Trobe University Empirical evidence Many articles state that downloads are higher for OA articles than in subscription databases More downloads = more readers? More readers = more citations? Behind the data / Dr Henk Moed Research Trends Issue 28, May 2012 Gargouri, Y, Harnad, S. et al. Self-selected or mandated, open access increases citation impact for higher quality research. PLoS ONE, 5 (10): 13636, 2010. David, P., et al. (2008). Open access publishing, article downloads and citations.. BMJ, 337 Swan, A. (2010) The Open Access citation advantage: Studies and results to date ECS EPrints, 17 Feb 2010, 343-345.The Open Access citation advantage: Studies and results to date

14 14La Trobe University

15 15La Trobe University Empirical evidence UK wide survey of academics spotlights researchers' reliance on open access A major survey of UK Academics released on 29 May 2013 examines the attitudes of researchers and practitioners working within higher education. It sheds light on their behaviours, including their reliance on digital technologies, the Internet and open access. The survey, funded and guided by JISC and RLUK received 3,498 responses. Overarching themes are an increasing reliance on the Internet for their research and publishing activities and the strong role that openness is playing in their work. Key findings include: - Access limitations, - Use of open resources, - Following one's peers, - Emergence of e- publications URL: JISC, May 2013, UK Survey of Academics 2012

16 16La Trobe University Empirical evidence

17 17La Trobe University 17 Green open access in La Trobe’s Research Online repository Authors can upload their manuscript version (or email us) The Repository staff will: Check copyright Check publisher site and what is allowed (for La Trobe) Link to the publisher version Make any alternate versions available (if you have provided them) Self-deposit form: Email us:

18 CRICOS Provider 00115M Predatory publishing: pitfalls for the unwary! Simon Huggard Digital Infrastructure Manager Sharon Karasmanis Faculty Librarian and Team Leader (Health Sciences) Library Research Forum, 25 October 2013

19 19La Trobe University 19 Predatory Publishers: Gold Open Access Model has created opportunities for corrupt publishers to flourish Open Access mandates have spawned more of these recently, with a huge increase in reports of questionable email requests Only exist to extract author processing fees (often only charging when the manuscript accepted) Take advantage of authors who want to publish in Open Access journals, note: new PhD graduates targeted!

20 20La Trobe University 20 Predatory publishers – some characteristics: Look convincing by using similar names to well known publications (eg. IJCEE: International Journal of Civil & Environemental Engineering vs International Journal of Environmental Engineering ;SciMed Central vs Pubmed Central) Websites littered with grammatical errors No peer-review process or bogus reviewer details Spam researchers, soliciting manuscripts but failing to mention required author fee. After the paper is published, authors are invoiced typically US$1,800 List bogus contact details (tricky to spot!)

21 21La Trobe University 21 How can you check? Look for publishers verifiable contact details, be cautious if only a web form is provided! Does the editorial board list recognised experts with affiliations Check that author fees are prominently displayed Be wary of email invitations Read previous papers and assess the quality Check peer-review process is clearly described, try to confirm if the displayed impact factor is correct!

22 22La Trobe University 22 More on checking: Check Beall’s list of Predatory Publishers Further reading: LibGuide on Predatory Publishing in: Butler, D. (2013). Investigating journals: the dark side of publishing, Nature, 495(7442), 433-435. (Describes the emergence of predatory publishing and provides an alternate view of the Beall’s list) Bohannon, J. (2013). Who’s afraid of peer-review? Science, 342. ( Spoof paper concocted by Science reveals little scrutiny by some predatory journals)

23 23La Trobe University 23 Upload a submitted manuscript or postprint of your article to Research Online (LTU research repository) Article will be available freely online No article processing fees Contact Consider Green Open Access!

24 24La Trobe University 24 One example:

25 25La Trobe University 25

26 26La Trobe University 26 Predatory/bogus publishers

27 27La Trobe University 27 Where to Publish: Evaluating journals What are the main issues? Publishing in high impact scholarly journals Selecting journals relevant to your discipline Where are other experts in your discipline publishing? Identifying a journal in consideration of ERA, FoR codes and impact factors Ensuring your research is reaching relevant audiences

28 28La Trobe University 28 What quality factors should I look for? Use a range of criteria and compare with other journals in the same category Quantitative and qualitative assessments such as: Journal impact factors Indexing and abstracting services Relevance to your discipline Ranking within your discipline Peer review process

29 29La Trobe University 29 A range of Library resources are available: (under Databases Tab) Journal Citation Reports (JCR) Eigenfactor calculation Scopus Journal Analyzer (SJR) SCImago (uses SJR data) InCites Further guidance available:

30 30La Trobe University 30 Contact your Faculty Librarian Research Education and Development (RED) Research Services

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