2 Spatial and ecological dimension The spatial dimension of Coastal management is every coast that is managed by a group. The Ecological dimension is any of the ecological life that live of feeds of the coast. I am going to look at the Queensland beaches
4 Impacts of coastal management Coastal Zone Management Pty Ltd (CZM) provides technical expertise and management consultancy for effective climate change adaptation. Our passion and respect for the coast and the environment is what drives us to make a real difference. We are dedicated to helping our clients sustainably manage change of global coastlines and inland areas. CZM provide an elite team of highly experienced professionals who specialise in: climate change and sea level rise vulnerability and adaptation assessment climate change capacity building institutional analysis, policy and planning. Projects range from local-scale projects such as adaptation planning for WA Local Governments to providing global analysis for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Based in Perth Western Australia, we work with clients nationally, in the Asia-Pacific region and around the globe to provide an outstanding level of service to our clients and the community. As well as coastal projects, our work has also diversified into inland and wetland areas around Australia and internationally. We are committed to increasing capacity to help us all deal with impacts driven by climate change.
5 Human impactsKey human impacts and resultant environmental issues Our coastal zone houses great potential in terms of its use for commercial, recreational and settlement purposes. It also holds many social and cultural values for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians alike. Sadly, human use and enjoyment of the coast over the past two centuries have greatly disrupted the processes which form its intricate ecosystems. Human activities have also reduced the biodiversity of our coastlines, which helps them to maintain their health. Small organisms in coastal ecosystems are often the first link in large food chains. The impact of their population reduction or extinction inevitably reverberates throughout the entire chain. The most significant ways in which humans have impacted upon Australia's coastline are outlined below.
6 Response of individual groups There are many individuals and groups that maintain the coastal environment by Planting vegetation Cleaning garbage Cleaning environments Protecting and improving social and recreational interests on coastal environments Dune stabilisation by planting sand and salt-tolerant grasses Fighting against any pollution Fixing sinking sand dunes Helping wildlife Cleaning after natural and man made disasters Preventing erosion Buying land or houses on the edge of the coastline
7 Response of individual groups This includes Vegetation regrowth on beaches and land around beaches to ensure that dunes don’t fall or sink. Also establishing growth of vegetation and cleaning out weeds and garbage on beaches on the Central Coast. Trying to prevent HMHS Adelaide being sunk of the coast at Avoca. Helping wildlife when injured or when they need protection. Cleaning parks and maintaining them. Cleaning after natural and man made disasters like cyclone Yasi in Queensland. Many group meetings and gathering of members to discuss problems or to find solutions. Protesting for rights and for solutions.
8 Newspaper articlesSummarise one newspaper article on the issues Councils demand more time for coastal plan By Jo Skinner Updated February 02, :16:05 Queensland's new coastal plan comes into effect tomorrow. It replaces the State Coastal Management Plan and regional plans and provides policy direction on coastal reserves, beaches, esplanades and tidal areas. Councils are angry the State Government has not given them enough time to determine how to comply with the new rules. Greg Hallam from the Local Government Association of Queensland (LGAQ) says councils have been given just one week to implement the changes. "It's just a very, very short, and might I say ridiculous, time frame that we have to implement the changes," he said. "They have got till Friday. They've had a week from one Friday till the next for a very complex set of reforms. "This is a major challenge for both the councils and the development committee. "We don't have a problem with the plan as such but we do believe it's just nonsensical to rush it through so quickly." He says councils need at least another month. "To give the development community and councils only a week to implement it is just crazy," he said. "We should have up to the middle of the year to implement this properly to make sure all of our processes are in place - a month at a minimum - but a week's just completely out of hand." Environment Minister Vicky Darling says she cannot understand the angst. "I was actually very surprised to see the LGAQ concerned about timings," she said. "They have been partnering with us in the development of this for a few years now and actually stood with my predecessor Kate Jones when the coastal plan was announced in April last year, so I am surprised that they're wanting some more delays." She says she will not be granting any extensions. "I think the time for talking is over," she said. "We have been talking for a very long time and this is a plan that has been on the cards in quite [some] detail since April last year, so I think the local government association needs to support its councils to get ready for the coastal plan. "They need to protect their ratepayers."
9 Future actions that could minimize impacts The future impacts on the coast could be erosion, over fishing polluted water from rubbish causing the death of thousands of marine life