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How do we classify consonants? How do we make vowels? Prof A. Elhaloui.

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Presentation on theme: "How do we classify consonants? How do we make vowels? Prof A. Elhaloui."— Presentation transcript:

1 How do we classify consonants? How do we make vowels? Prof A. Elhaloui

2 Pharynx ћ ع Pharyngeal voiceless voiced

3 bilabial oral stop voiced b P M V voiceless p nasal stop m alveolar n velar η oral stop g voiceless k oral fricative x labiodental f voiced v bilabial β voiceless φ voiced

4 Bi- lab ial Labio dent al Inter- dental alve olar Alve opal atal pal at al velar glotta l phary ngeal Oral stop Pbtdkgʔ Nasal Fricat ive mφβfv θ ðθ ðθ ðθ ðnšŽñXhћʕ Affric ate č Ĵ Liqui d glide l r j wʍwʍwʍwʍ voiced voiceless voiceless voiced voiceless voiced lateral Non-lateral coronals labialanterior

5 How do we produce vowels? 1.By raising or lowering the tongue 2.By retracting or advancing the tongue 3.By spreading or rounding the lips 4.By tensing or untensing the mouth

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23 What about diphthongs? How are they produced?

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