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SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE On the Difference between China’s Work Safety Standardization and OHSMS.

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Presentation on theme: "SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE On the Difference between China’s Work Safety Standardization and OHSMS."— Presentation transcript:

1 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE On the Difference between China’s Work Safety Standardization and OHSMS Guoping-Xu, Ph.d, Professor,President of SEPRI, China

2 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Which is the situation in China… China is keeping rapid industrial development, against the challenge of insufficient coal, power, oil and transport, frequent accidents, industrial hazard and casualty.

3 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE The goal of work safety standardization…. work safety standardization comes into being and becomes an important means for fostering the steady improvement of work safety situation in all sectors and establishing a constantly effective mechanism for safety management in enterprises.

4 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE 1.The origin and connotation of work safety standardization

5 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE In China, the construction of work safety standardization may date back to 1964, when the idea “Coal Mine Quality Standardization” was proposed by the former coal ministry. Process of work safety standardization

6 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Up to the early 80s, to control continuous rise of accidents in coal mines, a campaign of “quality standardization and high safety level” was developed in the coal mines in 1986, which was intended to enhance work safety through quality standardization, considered that safety and quality are mutually complementary and closed connected, and safety is never independent of quality. “Quality Standardization and High Safety Level” Process of work safety standardization

7 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Process of work safety standardization Then, the nonferrous metallurgy, construction material, electric power and gold sectors followed and initiated their own quality standardization, which resulted in a higher level of work safety.

8 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE In 2003, a national coal quality and safety standardization site meeting was held in Qitaihe, Heilongjiang Province by state administration of work safety and China National Coal Association, specific elements to be included in the quality and safety standardization for coal mines was defined,an “Instructive Opinion on Quality and safety Standardization campaign in all Coal Mines Nationwide” was put forward. Process of work safety standardization

9 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE In 2004,The state administration of work safety published an “Instructive Opinion on Quality and Safety Standardization Activities” to instruct the nation’s quality and safety standardization activities in different sectors such as coal mines, metal and nonmetal mines, hazardous chemicals, firecracker, metallurgy and machinery. process of work safety standardization

10 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE On Apr. 15, 2010, the state administration of work safety officially published an industrial standard for work safety entitled “Basic Norms for Work Safety Standardization of enterprises” (standard No. AQ/T ) as the fundamental guideline for the nation’s work safety standardization. Process of work safety standardization

11 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Up to now, safety standardization exam criterion Were issued for different industries and processes, such as manufacture, materials for building, steel making, coke making, chemical Industry, fire cracker etc. Process of work safety standardization

12 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Connotation of work safety standardization China’s work safety standardization, in nature, requires enterprise to analyze safety risks, establish prevention mechanism, safety responsibility mechanism, work safety management system and operation rules, ensure that all production processes and duty comply with the legal regulation and standards relating to work safety; attain, maintain a certain criterion and improve, upgrade continuously, so that the staff, machines and work site under the best safety status.

13 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE China’s work safety standardization emphasize regulated, scientific, systematic and legislated work safety effort, strengthen risk and process control, pay attention to performance management and continual improvement, agrees with the basic law of safety management. It is an organic combination of advanced safety management ideology with China’s conventional safety management methods and the practical conditions of enterprises. Connotation of work safety standardization

14 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE II. Concurrence and difference between work safety standardization and OHSMS

15 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Both utilize “PDCA” philosophy, i.e. the dynamic cycle of Plan, Do, Check and Act, as their guideline, analyze, assess and evaluate hazards and risks in the production activities in advance and take reliable actions to prevent any adverse potential. Both stress on Prevention first and PDCA dynamic management Original level New level AP DC AP DC

16 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Both emphasize compliance with the national legal and other requirements  All assessment terms includes in the safety standardization assessment criteria are based on applicable Chinese national or industrial regulations, standards and safety and health rules.  Compliance with the national legal and other requirements is also the basic requirement for establishing OHSMS,

17 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Comparative correlation The same management approach of setting elements and indicators OSHMS Safety Standardization Occupational health and safety policy 4.1 Principle 4.2 Establishment and maintenance Hazard identification, risk assessment and determining controls Legal and other requirements Legal regulations and standards Objectives and program 5.1 Objectives Management plan Resources, roles, responsibility, accountability and authority 5..2 Organization and responsibilities 5.3 Work safety input Competence, training and awareness 5.5 Education and training Communication, participation and consultation Documentation Rules and systems Operational rules 10 Document control Document and documentation management

18 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Operational control 5.6 Production equipment and facilities 5.7 Operational safety 5.8 Hazard checking and controlling 5.9 Key risk potential monitoring 5.10 Occupational health Emergency preparedness and response 5.11 Emergency rescue Performance measurement and monitoring Evaluation Incident investigation, nonconformity, corrective action and preventive action 5.12 Incident report, investigation and handling Records and records management Audit 4.3 Assessment and supervision 5.13 Performance assessment and continual improvement Management reviews 5.13 Performance assessment and continual improvement

19 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Both include assessment and verification of audit through a combination of internal audit, external audit and third-party audit. Both apply third-party assessment or audit The enterprises is required to establish and assess the standardization level by themselves and then apply for assessment by qualified organization. OHSMS requires internal audit by the relevant people of the enterprise, management review by the principal of the enterprise and third-party audit by a competent third party.

20 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE III. Difference between work safety standardization and OHSMS

21 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Different applications OHSMSWork Safety Standardization OHSMS applies to a wide range of businesses, such as mini company of a few people, or a multinational Corporation, manufacturing factory or recreational business. The work safety standardization mainly applies to Chinese industrial and mining enterprises. Work Safety Standardization is principally targeted at productive businesses in the industrial and mining sectors.

22 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Different keystone OHSMSWork Safety Standardization Core of OHSMS is set up a management system for risk identification, risk evaluation and risk control, The work safety Standardization focus on management, operation, environment, behavior, facilities reach a certain level.

23 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Mandatory VS. Voluntary OHSMSWork Safety Standardization it is voluntary for enterprise to achieve OHSMS certification. It is mandatory, the time table: hazardous chemicals and firecrackers, by the end of 2012; above-scale non-coal mines, metallurgy, machinery and other industrial/trade sectors (fields), by the end of 2013 ; under-scale,2015; Other sectors such as transportation, building construction and civil explosives, by the end of Any enterprises that fails to achieve the respective standard within the time so define will be temporarily deprived of their production permit and work safety permit; Any companies that has not attained the standard within the time granted for rectification will be closed by the local government under the law.

24 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Quantitative Classification OHSMS Work Safety Standardization OHSMS only evaluate the extent of safety and health performance meet with the OSHMS demands, does not give the grade for the enterprises. Work safety standardization identifies the criteria for safety performance and assessment classification and defines the minimum score of compliance. Corporate work safety standardization is classified into grade 1, grade 2 and grade 3. Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3

25 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE Different assessors and ways of assessment OHSMSWork Safety Standardization the auditor of OHSMS is recognized by the state certification and accreditation administration. safety standardization assessment includes internal audit, external audit and government approval, where enterprises conduct internal audit, and then receive external audit by an auditor determined by the safety supervision authority through assessment. Work Safety Standardization is actually done by enterprises, intermediary agents and experts under the instruction of government authorities.

26 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE IV. Conclusions

27 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE 1.Both China’s work safety standardization and the globally recognized OHSMS are the methods for modern safety management methodology. 2.The existence and development of them could enable systematic, scientific, institutional and efficient safety management for enterprises. 3.China’s work safety standardization is a generally applicable work safety management model that agrees with China’s situation and is acceptable for the majority of Chinese enterprises.

28 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE 4.Results from the implementation of work safety standardization by Chinese enterprises over the past years indicate significant changes in safety management and field safety environment.

29 SINOSTEEL CORPORATION WUHAN SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTEL PROTECTION RESEARCH INSTITUTE

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31 Thank you !


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