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7-5 Roots and Zeros 7-6 Rational Zero Theorem Glencoe – Algebra 2 Chapter 7: Polynomial Functions 1 Skills: Determine the number and type of roots for a polynomial equation. Find the zeros of a polynomial function. Identify the possible rational zeros of a polynomial function. Find all rational zeros of a polynomial function.

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2 Fundamental Theorem of Algebra If f(x) is a polynomial of degree n where n>0, then the equation f(x)=0 has at least one complex solution. Corollary If f(x) is a polynomial of degree n where n>0, then the equation f(x)=0 has exactly n solutions, including doubles/triples. Behavior Near Zeros When a factor x – k is raised to an odd power (single/triple zero), the graph crosses the x-axis at x = k. When a factor x – k is raised to an even power (double/quadruple zero), the graph touches (is tangent to) the x-axis at x = k. Complex Conjugates Theorem If a + bi is a zero, then so is its conjugate a – bi. Irrational Conjugates Theorem If is a zero, then so is its conjugate. Descartes Rule of Signs Positive Real Zeros: # of sign changes in f(x) or less by an even number Negative Real Zeros: # of sign changes in f(-x) or less by an even number Glencoe – Algebra 2 Chapter 7: Polynomial Functions

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3 Rational Zero Theorem (Rational Roots Theorem) If the polynomial has integer coefficients, then all of the rational roots will be of the form: Finding Rational Roots (Zeros) 1.Use the rational zero theorem to find all possible roots. 2.Test the possible roots by plugging them into the equation until you get one root. 3.If the answer you get is zero, then the number is a root. 4.Use synthetic division to break the polynomial down into factors. 5.Solve using the factor theorem to find the roots. 6.If youre having trouble factoring, test other possible roots in the polynomial youre trying to factor again and use synthetic division. Glencoe – Algebra 2 Chapter 7: Polynomial Functions

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4 Steps for Finding All Zeros 1.Use Descartes Rule of Signs to make a zeros table. 2.Use the Rational Zeros Theorem to find all possible rational zeros. 3.Use synthetic division to test the zeros and break down the polynomial. 4.If you can, factor. 5.Use the quadratic formula to find irrational/imaginary zeros. 6.Remember irrational/imaginary zeros come in pairs (conjugates). Glencoe – Algebra 2 Chapter 7: Polynomial Functions

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PositiveNegativeImaginaryTotal Example 1 Find all zeros of Glencoe – Algebra 2 Chapter 7: Polynomial Functions

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6 Example 2 Write a polynomial function f of least degree that has rational coefficients, a leading coefficient of 1, and the following zeros:. Glencoe – Algebra 2 Chapter 7: Polynomial Functions

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7 Example 3 Find the rational zeros of Glencoe – Algebra 2 Chapter 7: Polynomial Functions

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8 Example 4 Find the real zeros of Glencoe – Algebra 2 Chapter 7: Polynomial Functions

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