Presentation on theme: "Lecture Check list Clothes, glasses, mask, shoes, glove Out landing bag Small white board Pre flight box Water bottle and coffee SeeYou with."— Presentation transcript:
Lecture Check list Clothes, glasses, mask, shoes, glove Out landing bag Small white board Pre flight box Water bottle and coffee SeeYou with 2 flights Pointing stick Felt tips
What do you want out of Gliding? Take the comments of the lecture based on your needs However even if you are a casual flyer you will get a lot more from flying if you prepare and practice If you don’t you will soon find how hard it is and become disillusioned.
Preparation Personal Preparation Practice Planning Prevent Poor Performance.
What do we Practice and Plan? Personal attire Glider Preparation Know how to read the weather Know the rules Navigation ability Nutrition, Hydration and Air Prepare and Fly the day like The Day Prepare for out landing and retrieve.
Body’s Needs Water Easy to Drink Pre and post flight drink? Water Easy to get rid of Food * Coffee Out landing Food* O 2=>.
Oxygen Have easy access ALWAYS Use above 10,000 ALWAYS Use above 8,000 if you are regularly above 10,000 Use if you are tired.
Check Lists Not all pilots use check lists But those that do never leave anything behind Leaving home Glider preparation Pre Launch Car Landing.
Glider Preparation Comfort Toilet* Oxygen* Know your instruments* Battery don’t rely on club* Out landing Bag* EPIRB and SPOT*.
Flight Box Have a flight box with all your needs. The list is long The list is long The list is long Have somewhere at home to keep club stuff.
Pre Take Off Pre Take off Check List Pre Take off Check List Pre Take off Check List Prepare early*.
Out landing Prep Food and Clothing* Maps* Note of Flight details in Van Note in Car Note in Car Note in Car Glider Out landing List Glider Out landing List Glider Out landing List Distance and Bearing TO airfield TEXT.
Is this just too hard Is it just too hard Preparing Preparation takes time and practice But it will save trauma in the future.
We are Ready to Fly Now we should be ready to fly.
How should you fly? Fly every flight like you would on THE day Launch how you would on the day Cross the start line like the day Fly as well as you can and improve Turn the turning points like the day Finish how you would on the day.
Set a goal for the day Set 2 goals for each day Write them on a note on the panel 1 Technical goal 1 Emotional goal Examples. Examples
Flying Ability Unless you can Soar you will not go cross country with any reliability What speed should you fly in a thermal? What angle of bank? Where should the yaw string be? How Much Practice.
What speed should you fly? Not the slowest you can The slowest speed a glider can fly is not minimum sink.
But what effect Does Circling Have? It increases the wing loading of the glider and thus the stall speed By 40% The speed increase will be sqr root of the wing loading.
The problems with slow thermalling. When a glider flies slowly it looses maneuverability Fly at the slowest speed that the pilot can feel the air not the waffling glider This will change with glider weight and type It will change with the weather.
Accurate Speed and Bank It is vital that you can fly the glider consistently at 45° Angle of Bank. At the aforementioned speed But these speeds need to be maintained very accurately.
How accurately, 45° 50 kts v 40° 55kts
The problems of flying too fast and flat. Or 40° 50° kts v 35° 55 kts
How to Monitor Angle of Bank You can only monitor your angle of bank with some device* Like straws on the canopy for example Remember you have to have it within a couple of degrees.
Yaw String. Where should the yaw string be?
Golden Rule Never fly through the same piece of sink twice.
Getting tired When a pilot goes cross country they will tire before 3 hours Because the thermalling work load is too high with the other mental functions Fix this by making thermalling natural This is only done by solid practice.
Know the Rules FAI Sporting Code READ IT You will need An Official Observer A Flight Recorder For the Silver Distance know the 5% Rule FAI or Cylinder.
Start The most common rule failure is not starting! To finish a closed circuit you must cross the finishing line*.
FAI Sector The flight path must pass in the FAI sector that is 45° either side of the bisector. If a logger is used the flight path is according to the Long Lat Position declared NOT the actual location.
Turning a Sector. If you are turning clockwise. Approach the turn point with the track slightly less than the bearing to the TP As the bearing increases gradually turn to the right keeping the difference between the bearing and track to 10°+.
Cylinder Deduct 1 k per turning point Head straight for the TP and when less than 500m turn.
Get the turning point right Or you get no points.
Navigation. Know where the start is Have an idea of the main geographical features you will pass. Do not worry about navigation when you are low, concentrate on getting back to height where you will get a better view.
Keep an eye in front. You can glide 10k per 1000ft So look ahead accordingly Look for land able terrain within Gliding Distance Use the map as well as the GPS Keep a look out.
Blue Book Have a book to record your flights What you did well What you learnt What you need to improve Read it regularly.
Practice Cross country flights are tiring You will loose skills as you tire until those skills are natural Make every flight that you do as if it were THE flight When you fly work all the time on your skills.
Practice If you are not cleared to go cross country practice at your home airfield Once you are cleared practice how you mean to go on.