Presentation on theme: "RAN Force Protection CMDR Jason Hunter - Master Attendant LCDR Stewart Bankier – Staff Officer Force Protection 27 Feb 09."— Presentation transcript:
RAN Force Protection CMDR Jason Hunter - Master Attendant LCDR Stewart Bankier – Staff Officer Force Protection 27 Feb 09
RAN FORCE PROTECTION Fleet Responsibilities Authorities and References Lessons Learnt Major Exercise Considerations
FLEET RESPONSIBILITIES n Ensure the Fleet is at the appropriate FP State and capability commensurate to the Threat - Overseas (MEAO) and Australia - Liaison with all Agencies - AUSFLTOPS Websites - Coord FB FP Capability - Monitor Naval Port Security - Support STG, CSO(W), SYSCOM and TAMW n Assess Force Protection Implementation Plans (FPIP’s)
RELEVANT REFERENCES AND AUTHORITIES International Maritime Organisation- IMO International Ship and Port Facility Security - ISPS Maritime Transport and Offshore Facilities Act – MTOFSA Warship Security Plans Port Integrated Vulnerability Assessments - PIVA’s (USN) DIPCLEAR and Defence Approval DSA Security Assessment
RECENT LESSONS LEARNT RAN V Foreign Warships – Priority of Protection Response by Local Security Security at Civilian Port Security at Naval Port Threat Assessments
ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS n Exercise Talisman Sabre 09 – different approach? n Recognition of FP Controlling Authority The Threat Early Consideration and Coordination for FP requests Communications Plan (COMPLAN) FP Coordination Unit Recognition of differing SOP’s
MTOFSA & RAN FP
Ports and Defence n The primary purpose of Australian ports is to facilitate and enhance trade and operate on a commercial basis. n In order to fulfil its role of defending Australia, Defence needs access to Australian ports for fuelling, victualling, embarking or disembarking troops, equipment and munitions, conducting maintenance and repairs and to provide crew rest.
Ports and Defence - Benefits n Routine Defence access to ports delivers an enhanced working relationship with port authorities, which may facilitate operations during disaster relief n Provides other assistance to the civil community through engagement initiatives i.e. ship open days, assistance to charity organisations. n Provides economic benefits to local communities surrounding ports.
Guiding Principles n Defence and Ports Australia have agreed to a strategic level approach to the relationships between Defence, ports and the owners or operators of individual ports, to ensure that Defence requirements are met where possible. The last agreement was signed on 16 July 2007 n Whilst not a legally binding document, it provides a basis for mutual understanding and development of individual agreements where necessary.
Defence Undertaking in relation to Security n Work with Ports to ensure that RAN Force Protection Measures can be readily implemented at each level of threat as required. n Ensure Navy Port Service Managers participate in Port Security, Emergency Response Plan and Port User Group Committees. Navy’s emergency plans should look to complement local port, state and national plans.
Defence Undertaking in relation to Security n Discuss Port operational matters and security posture with Harbour Masters, prior to ship visits, to ensure Navy Force Protection Measures are consistent with security measures in place in the port. n Provide early advice to ports of any proposed community engagement activity and work with Harbour Masters to meet security and safety requirements.
Ports Undertaking in relation to Security n Work with Defence to ensure that Port obligations complement the separate nature of RAN Force Protection Measures. n Encourage Navy Port Service Managers to provide advice to Port Security, Emergency Response, and Port User Group Committees and to better understand each Port's legislative and community obligations.
Ports Undertaking in relation to Security n Advise the Port's security level, including general and berth specific activity at the time of individual ship visits, to assist Navy in determining the force protection level to adopt. n Work with Defence to achieve community engagement initiatives, such as Ship Open Days, through safe and secure community access to Defence vessels.
Maritime Security Identification Card (MISC) ADF Personnel are Exempt from carrying a MISC – however, must display their service Identity Card. n Visitors to RAN ships, including official receptions and open days, are exempt from carrying a MISC when escorted by an ADF member
Carriage of Weapons n There is no restriction against ADF personnel carrying weapons in a restricted port area in respect of their duties. Section 123(1), Defence Act
Controlled Access Zones n Under MTOFSA Ship Security Zones (SSZ) may be established around (at and below the water level) a security regulated ship while in port or near an offshore facility. n As MTOFSA does not apply to any ship operated by Australia or a foreign state, for military, customs or law enforcement purposes, SSZ’s do not apply to the RAN.
Controlled Access Zones (CAZ) n No Commonwealth legislative basis exists for CAZ’s around RAN vessels n Only in New South Wales, the Management of Waters and Waterside Land Regulations – NSW provides that: - a person, whether or not conveyed on a vessel, must not, in navigable waters, be any closer than: metres from the bow and 60 metres from the sides and stern of a naval vessel that is underway; or - 60 metres from a vessel that is moored, anchored or berthed.
Self Defence n A warship CO may act in unit self defence to protect his or her vessel, provided there is an ‘instant and overwhelming necessity for self defence …’. n In considering the “necessity”, those actions may only be undertaken in response to a hostile act or demonstration of a hostile intent.
Pursuit, capture and arrest of unauthorised persons onboard a naval vessel n Rights depend on location and authorisation of ADF member n ADF members generally have no further rights than ordinary ‘Citizens Arrest’ under relevant state or territory legislation n ADF personnel only rely on citizen’s arrest in exceptional circumstances, where there is a clear threat to the life or safety of a person and police assistance cannot be obtained in time.
General powers to search and detain n All ADF members have implicit right to search on ADF premises. -ADF makes it a Condition of Entry to a defence establishment or ship that one must consent to such search through signage -If no consent, person(s) are denied entry -Intruders can be searched for weapons if suspicion of such weapons n Assistance from state or federal police is sought in all other instances where personal search is required (i.e. suspected stolen goods)
Pursuit, capture and arrest of unauthorised persons n Naval waters –The Superintendent of Naval Waters has powers to remove a vessel which had contravened a notice of a restriction or prohibition of entry under the Control of Naval Waters Act 1918, Regulation 4. n NOTE: ADF members do NOT have a general power to pursue, capture or arrest unauthorised vessels in Naval waters. Rely on police
Conclusion n The RAN has concerns that legislation within the various States and Territories does not provide sufficient legal powers to support Navy’s FP capabilities, requirements, and operations inside Australia in a post-9/11 environment. n A robust Navy FP policy has been developed to provide CO’s and FP personnel with the legal guidance required to undertake their duties