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Two Ideas for Treating People as Equals Thomas Pogge University of Sydney.

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Presentation on theme: "Two Ideas for Treating People as Equals Thomas Pogge University of Sydney."— Presentation transcript:

1 Two Ideas for Treating People as Equals Thomas Pogge University of Sydney

2 Rawls’s own favored comprehensive doctrine / favored domestic conception of social justice

3 Qualifying conditions for comprehensive doctrines / domestic conceptions of social justice or decency to which Rawls is willing to assign equal standing.

4 Three such competitors that qualify by Rawls’s lights

5 Qualifying conditions for comprehensive doctrines / domestic conceptions to which competitor 1 is willing to assign equal standing.

6 Qualifying conditions for comprehensive doctrines / domestic conceptions to which competitor 2 is willing to assign equal standing.

7 Qualifying conditions for comprehensive doctrines / domestic conceptions to which competitor 3 is willing to assign equal standing.

8 UPSHOT: The qualifying competitors do not really get equal standing

9 Evolution of US National Household Income Distribution (Top Ten Percent)

10 Evolution of the Global Household Income Distribution at Market Exchange Rates

11  Global Household Income Distribution 1988 Richest Ventile : 42.87% Next Twenty Percent 46.63% Second Quarter 6.97% Top Five Percent 42.87% 2.37% 1.16 % Data Branko Milanovic, World Bank

12  Global Household Income Distribution 2005 Richest Ventile : 42.87% Next Twenty Percent 43.98% Top Five Percent 46.36% 2.14 % 0.78 % Second Quarter 6.74% Data Branko Milanovic, World Bank

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19 Treating Citizens Fairly Prodecural Fairness, formal: equal political participation Procedural Fairness, material: fair value of political liberties Substantive (Outcome) Fairness, formal: non-discrimination Substantive (Outcome) Fairness, material — at least: In the choice between two candidate national legislative outcomes, N­ 1 and N 2, if the representative groups that would do better with a decision in favor of N 1 are (i) larger, (ii) worse off and also (iii) more strongly affected by the outcome than the representative groups that would do better with a decision in favor of N 2, then the basic commitment to fairness requires that N 1 be chosen over N 2.

20 Treating Human Beings Fairly Prodecural Fairness, formal: equal political participation Procedural Fairness, material: fair value of political liberties Substantive (Outcome) Fairness, formal: non-discrimination Substantive (Outcome) Fairness, material — at least: In the choice between two candidate global agreements, G­ 1 and G 2, if the representative groups that would do better with a decision in favor of G 1 are (i) larger, (ii) worse off and also (iii) more strongly affected by the outcome than the representative groups that would do better with a decision in favor of G 2, then the basic commitment to fairness requires that G 1 be chosen over G 2.


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