Presentation on theme: "Tips For Parents on Helping Their Young Children to Develop Early Literacy Skills. Victoria Cochrane Literacy Adviser IST 2010."— Presentation transcript:
Tips For Parents on Helping Their Young Children to Develop Early Literacy Skills. Victoria Cochrane Literacy Adviser IST 2010
Talk, talk, talk and don’t stop talking! Babies and toddlers understand and develop language from an early age. Talk with and interact with your young children as much as possible through the day. This means actual conversations, not just giving instructions! Having conversations will help your children to become better listeners. Developing a large vocabulary early will help your child to comprehend and make meaning from texts much more effectively.
Sing songs, nursery rhymes, chants and finger plays. Play oral language games such as I spy. Walk around the block and talk about all the things you can see. Describe their size, shape, colour and what they are used for/do. Teach your child the names of objects and what they are for. Make associations with things they go together with, e.g. Knife, fork; bowl, spoon; bed, sheets etc. Read the signs you see everywhere. Cut out pictures of animals and other interesting things and make a scrapbook for reading and talking about.
Reading to children from infancy is an excellent way to develop language and vocabulary acquisition. The basics of learning to read are talking, listening, reading and writing. Sharing books together promotes bonding between adults and children. Reading books everyday will help to develop a love of books and reading, familiarity with book language and introduce them to the concepts of print.
Go to the library. Make a reading corner in your home where familiar and loved books are always accessible. Model reading behaviour to your children- they are more likely to want to read if they see you enjoying it. Have available a wide range of printed material to read: pictures and captions, children’s magazines, comics, novels, picture books, catalogues etc.
Children learn by building on what they know already. Build your child’s prior knowledge by giving them a wide range of authentic experiences. For example: Take them shopping and let them help put the groceries in the trolley and unpack them at home; walk the dog together; teach them how to wash the car or plant a vegetable garden; take them to the zoo or wildlife park. Take photos so they can remember and talk about their experiences.
Children need well developed motor and manipulative skills when reading and writing. Toddlers and preschool children need plenty of practice learning to manipulate tools and objects before they start formal schooling. Allow children to explore their world through play and hands-on experiences. Give your children access to a wide range of manipulative materials. Allow them to get dirty!
◦ Painting, cutting (supervised), pasting, playdough, finger paint, sand play, climbing, drawing, running, jumping, looking at books, doing puzzles etc. are essential. They help to develop hand/eye coordination that is necessary for children to be able to learn to read and write.
Read a recipe and cook together. Cooking uses and develops many literate and numerate behaviours. Read the T.V. Guide together to decide what to watch. Look in the Best and Less or K-Mart catalogue to choose a new outfit or a present for someone. Write a letter to Nan thanking her for the birthday present. Write a note for Dad’s lunch box. Check the newspaper to see what movies are on. Make a special photo album and write captions to describe what was happening.
Let go and try not to molly-coddle! The more independent your child is, the easier the transition from home to school will be. Teach your child to be resilient by: Encouraging independent problem solving; Allowing children to make mistakes and teach them that it is OK to do so; Teaching your children that all actions have consequences. Teaching socially acceptable behaviour and give opportunities for them to socialise with other children. Teaching them to share and take turns.
Early intervention is the key. Listen to your intuition! Seek help early if you feel your child is not developing normally, such as in speech or language. Consult a GP and ask for a referral to a paediatrician. Seek the help of a speech or occupational therapist. Speak to your local school-they may be able to give advice and/or assistance Enrol your child in child care or early learning one or two days a week.