Presentation on theme: "Getting Started With Action Research SFF Workshop, 1st April 11.30-1.00pm Katrina Bredhauer & Lisa Natoli."— Presentation transcript:
Getting Started With Action Research SFF Workshop, 1st April 11.30-1.00pm Katrina Bredhauer & Lisa Natoli
What is action Research? A way for people to participate in a reflective practice that allows change and understanding to occur at the same time. Aims to improve practice, address problems and promote ongoing learning.
Principles of Action Research It is participatory and collaborative, usually including everyone who has a stake in the action. Aims to ensure that what it does and how it does it are relevant for all concerned Means empowering people to have a REAL say
Why Use Action Research for Evaluation? Allows projects develop their own evaluation frameworks & ways of working Gives permission for project teams to take time out to write down observations and reflect on them Enables projects to be flexible & adjust direction
What is Action Research? Plan what do we intend to do? Act what did we do? Observe what happened? How do we know what happened? Reflect what does this mean for changed practice?
What is Action Research? Cycles of Planning, Acting, Observing and Reflecting.
How are projects using action Research? Projects are using action research at a micro and macro level to evaluate their work Many projects are concentrating on building community ownership and participation Developing a culture of reflection at all levels of project participation.
Observation Methods for AR Projects Discussions/interactions/notes/reflections Case studies, individuals & groups Photography Stories,anecdotes,impressions Meeting minutes Creative arts Questionnaires,surveys Videos Field notes Audio tapes ETC!!!!!!!!
Experiences from Organising a Diarrhoea Reduction Campaign in Kandahar City, Afghanistan Lisa Natoli
Background ~ 85,000 deaths in under 5’s annually in Afghanistan attributable to diarrhoea (WHO, 2002). problem in summer months due to –Lack of access to safe water & sanitation –Crowding –Low level of hygiene knowledge June 2002, 3 international NGO’s collaborated in a hygiene promotion campaign
Some of our AR questions….. What factors & behaviors contribute to transmission of diarrhoea in Kandahar? What would be the most culturally & socially appropriate ways of doing hygiene promotion? What were the most effective communication strategies for each target group?
What factors & behaviors contribute to transmission of diarrhoea in Kandahar? PLAN ACT OBSERVE REFLECT
What would be the most culturally & socially appropriate ways of doing hygiene promotion? PLAN ACT OBSERVE REFLECT
What were the most effective communication strategies for each target group? PLAN ACT OBSERVE REFLECT
Summary Progress of project relied on answers to questions Demonstrated importance of participation & ownership Learnings about staff security & logistics issues in Afghanistan. Benefits of collaboration Sharing what we found