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Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) Overview Kyle L. Olsen Asian Regional Aviation Safety Team 19 – 20 November 2008 – Bangkok.

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Presentation on theme: "Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) Overview Kyle L. Olsen Asian Regional Aviation Safety Team 19 – 20 November 2008 – Bangkok."— Presentation transcript:

1 Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) Overview Kyle L. Olsen Asian Regional Aviation Safety Team 19 – 20 November 2008 – Bangkok

2 Vision - Mission - Goals Vision Key aviation stakeholders acting cooperatively to lead the world-wide aviation community to the highest levels of global commercial aviation safety by focusing on the right things. Mission Enable a continuous improvement framework built on monitoring the effectiveness of implemented actions and modifying actions to achieve the goal. Goal Reduce the US commercial aviation fatal accident rate 80% by And Maintain a continuous reduction in fatality risk in US and International commercial aviation beyond 2007.

3 * Representing P&W and RR ** Observer AIA Airbus ALPA APA ATA IFALPA NACA Boeing GE* RAA FSF CAST brings key stakeholders to cooperatively develop & implement a prioritized safety agenda Industry Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST) Government DOD FAA Aircraft Certification Flight Standards System Safety Air Traffic Operations Research NASA ICAO** EASA / JAA TCC NATCA** NTSB** IATA** AAPA** ATAC** APFA**

4 HUMAN FACTORS IN OPERATIONS & MAINTENANCE Carry-on Baggage Child Restraint Passenger Interference CABIN SAFETY IMPROVED DATA & ANALYSIS GENERAL AVIATION Loss of Control Weather Survivability Aeronautical Decisionmaking Controlled Flight Into Terrain Approach and Landing COMMERCIAL AVIATION Controlled Flight Into Terrain Loss of Control Weather Uncontained Engine Failures Runway Incursion Passenger Seat Belt Use Runway Incursions Safer Skies Turbulence

5 Safety enhancement development Master safety plan Enhancement effectiveness Future areas of study Data analyses CAST Joint Safety Analysis Teams (JSAT) Joint Safety Implementation Teams (JSIT) Joint Implementation Measurement Data Analysis Team (JIMDAT) Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST)

6 Effectiveness that an intervention has for reducing the accident rate if incorporated Portion of world fleet with intervention implemented (), Accident Risk Reduction = General Methodology for Calculating the Potential Benefit of a Safety Enhancing Intervention

7 Spreadsheet Example – Historical Airplane Accidents & Proposed Safety Enhancements

8 Score Combined Score Combined SOPs Example Scatter Chart Dollars In Millions 2007 Implementation & Resources

9 CAST Safety Plan 47 Completed Safety Enhancements Safety Culture Maintenance Procedures Flight Crew Training Air Traffic Controller Training Uncontained Engine Failures Terrain avoidance warning system (TAWS) Standard Operating Procedures Precision Approaches Minimum Safe Altitude Warning (MSAW) Systems Proactive Safety Programs (FOQA + ASAP)

10 CAST Safety Plan (cont.) 23 Committed Safety Enhancements Policies and Procedures Aircraft Design Flight Crew Training (additional aspects) Runway Incursion Prevention Precision Approaches (additional projects) Icing (additional turboprop projects) Midair Maintenance Cargo safety culture, policies and procedures Runway Safety

11 CAST Implementation Status

12 Safety Enhancements 47 Complete 23 Underway 2020 Plan Risk Reduction Estimate 74 % CHANGES from last meeting

13 CAST SAFETY PLAN – WORKING SEs (Total Plan – 70 SE; 47 Complete; 23 Underway) ON TRACK IN QUESTION LATE R1 AIA 39 ANM 47 ATO 53 ARA 120 ATA 121 ATA R1 ATA 127R2 AIR R 1 ATA 133R1 AIA 134R2 AIA 136 ATA R1 ATO R3 AFS R1 AFS 170R2 AIA SE # LOOSE C 172R1 AFS 175R1 ATA 179R1 AFS ATS-1 181R 1 ARP 182R1 ATO-1 183R1 AFS-1 Action Needed LATE OP COMPLETED

14 year running average Cooperative efforts are bringing accident rate down Hull Loss Accident Rate Worldwide Commercial Jets (>60,000 lbs, non-CIS) Through 31 December 2002 FSFCFIT/ALAR Industry effort starts CAST/JSSI/COSCAPsbegin PAASTbegins Rate per million departures Rate per million departures

15 CAST Moving into the Future

16 Safety Plan Development Accident JSATS Case studies Accident JSITS Case studies Safety Enhancements Incident Analysis Process JIMDAT Review Emerging Risk Changing Risk Develop Enhancements & Metrics Aviation System Changes Present In Master Factors Yes No Demographic Changes Identify Hazards Identify Factors Develop Contributing Factors (new or emerging Identify Hazards Identify Factors Master Contributing Factors CAST-051R FAST Hazards CAST Plan Recommended Plan Revision Performance To Plan Review Non- Performance Information Metrics

17 17 7 August 2008 Distribution limited to CAST only 7 August 2008 Aviation Safety Information Analysis Sharing ASIAS Activities Summary to the CAST Aviation Safety Information Analysis Sharing ASIAS Activities Summary to the CAST

18 18 7 August 2008 Distribution limited to CAST only Signed MOUs

19 19 7 August 2008 Distribution limited to CAST only Regional Airlines Outreach

20 20 7 August 2008 Distribution limited to CAST only 20 ASIAS Architecture: Where We Are DNAA DNFA Enhanced Data Management Tools Expanded Analytical Tools FAA ASIAS Data MITRE CRS Data ASDE-X New Airlines Data Fusion National Offload Program ASDE-X Airports ATL-BDL-CLT-FLL-HOU IAD-LAX-MCO-MKE-ORD PVD-SDF-SEA-STL

21 21 7 August 2008 Distribution limited to CAST only 1. FOQA TAWS Alerts 2. MVA 3. Radar Tracks 4. Terrain database 5. Wx 6. Traffic Procedures

22 Study of Remaining Risks Joint Implementation Data Analysis Team (JIMDAT)

23 Remaining Risk Cargo Icing Midair Maintenance

24 SE-165 Midair TCAS Policies and Procedures Prevent midair collisions by requiring flightcrews to follow TCAS Resolution Advisories (RAs), establish procedures for TCAS range setting and requiring that TCAS-capable simulators and flight- training devices are used for training TCAS responses and Maneuvers. SEA AC 018 issued 25 June 2008.

25 SE-164 Midair TCAS Installation Worldwide installation of TCAS in all aircraft of 33,000 pounds or greater max takeoff weight. ICAO requirement for aircraft of 6,700kg TCAS required in Asia – SE-164 is complete

26 SE-121 Cargo Standard Operating Procedures Reduce cargo-related accidents and incidents by publishing and enforcing clear, concise and accurate standard operating procedures (SOP), and training the rationale behind those procedures Cathay Pacific and AAPA to provide briefing. CAST activity to be complete April 2010

27 SE-125 Cargo Hazardous Materials - HazMat Reduce hazmat related accidents and incidents develop and implement by regulators, manufacturers (of packaging material) and shipping companies a multi- tier system to identify and safely process undeclared hazardous material. CAST to provide information after completion in December 2010

28 SE-129 Regulation & Policy Compliance, Enforcement and Restricted Operations Regulators should improve their legal processes for compliance, enforcement and operational restrictions. FAA Order B now contains timeliness goals for completion of an investigation, preparation of the enforcement report and the processing of legal actions.

29 SE-129 Regulation & Policy Compliance, Enforcement and Restricted Operations - continued Also, FAA Order B now contains policies and procedures for the grant of immunity from FAA enforcement to persons who provide information about violations to the regulations.

30 SE-130 Cargo Regulation & Policy - Oversight Regulators should develop/enhance and implement a system that ensures appropriate inspector coverage for all airlines, sub-contracting, and leasing operations and assign highly-experienced inspectors to operators that require the most oversight Not applicable for implementation by ARAST.

31 SE-131 Cargo Safety Culture Reduce cargo-related accidents and incidents by encouraging a culture that enhances operational safety. Safety culture can be enhanced by a safety management system (SMS). To be covered by SMS CAST activity complete October 2011

32 SE-136 Icing Training – Engine Surge Recovery To prevent accidents resulting from an engine surge caused by ice ingestion, airlines should provide adequate training for flight crews to ensure appropriate responses. CAST activity complete April 2009

33 SE-163 Midair See-and Avoid Prevent midair collisions by improving see- and-avoid capability. Future Implementation

34 SE-159 Midair Airspace Design Prevent midair collisions by designing B/C/D airspace to be more easily identifiable, improving the usability of VFR charts and ensuring adequate and timely coordination of airspace design changes to users. Not applicable for implementation by ARAST.

35 SE-162 Midair Prevent midair collisions by facilitating aircraft separation for users of advanced navigation systems not receiving ATC separation services. Not applicable for implementation by ARAST. To General Aviation

36 SE-127 Cargo Fire Containment To reduce the occurrence of accidents and incidents from cargo fires, improved cargo containers should be developed to contain (or suppress) fires originating in shipped cargo Not applicable for implementation by ARAST. –(FEDEX can provide additional information if there is interest.)

37 SE-133 – Icing Turboprop Aircraft Ice Detection Systems To prevent accidents caused by in-flight icing, for turboprop aircraft with non- evaporative ice protection systems and non-powered flight controls, install systems that automatically detect ice, measure the rate of ice accretion and warn the crew. Not applicable for implementation by ARAST.

38 SE-134 Icing Aircraft Design - Avionics Avionic manufacturers and aircraft manufacturers should develop and install smart pitch guidance systems on all aircraft not presently equipped to prevent over rotation in conjunction with a low energy state or aerodynamic degradation due to the presence of ice. Not applicable for implementation by ARAST.

39 SE-101 Aircraft Design Advanced Circuit Protection Develop and install advanced circuit protection / arc fault breaker technology Not applicable for implementation by ARAST.

40 CAST Sharing with the World

41 Dollars/Flt. Cyc Part 121 Aviation Industry Cost Due to Fatal/Hull Loss Accidents Historical cost of accidents per flight cycle 73% Risk reduction Savings ~ $56/Flight Cycle Or ~ $620 Million Dollars/Year Cost of accident fatalities following implementation of the CAST 2007 levels Cost Savings

42 CAST Links to International Safety Activities ICAO ICAO – COSCAP (Cooperative Development of Operational Safety and Continuing Airworthiness) Europe Europe – ESSI: European Strategic Safety Initiative Central and South America Central and South America – PAAST: Pan American Aviation Safety Team Africa Africa – African Safety Enhancement Team (ASET) Asia/Pacific Asia/Pacific – Association of Asia Pacific Airlines North America North America – NAFTA: North American Free Trade Association Others Others

43 Regional Perspective Accident Rates Vary by Region of the World Western-built transport hull loss accidents, by airline domicile, 1998 through 2007 Accidents per million departures United States and Canada 0.4 Latin America and Caribbean 2.1 Europe 0.7 China 0.3 Middle East 2.3 Africa 10.0 Asia 2.1 Oceania 0.0 (Excluding China) C.I.S. 1 CAST 70 SEs 47 complete 23 in work 74% reduction PAAST CFIT and ALAR ESSI 35 SEs JAA 11 SEs EASA 62% reduction ASET COSCAP CIS COSCAP NA, SA, SEA 40 SEs in work 60% reduction 1 Insufficient fleet experience to generate reliable rate. World 1.1 COSCAP Gulf COSCAP BAG

44 CAST Approach to Safety: A Three Stage Process Influence Safety Enhancements - Worldwide Data Analysis Set Safety Priorities Achieve consensus on priorities Integrate into existing work and distribute Implement Safety Enhancements - U.S. Agree on problems and interventions

45 Conclusions CAST brings together all the key players CAST brings together all the key players – Air Carriers – Manufacturers – Air Carriers – Manufacturers – Employee Groups – Government – Employee Groups – Government Predicted 74% risk reduction by 2020 Predicted 74% risk reduction by 2020 CAST is committed to worldwide participation CAST is committed to worldwide participation History shows focused action and introduction of new capabilities have led to large accident rate reductions History shows focused action and introduction of new capabilities have led to large accident rate reductions

46 Thank you

47 Backup Slides

48

49 49 7 August 2008 Distribution limited to CAST only CAST sharing with COSCAPs in Asia

50

51 CAST and GASR CAST supports the Global Aviation Safety Roadmap (GASR) as an international strategic plan to promote aviation safety programs, which is complementary to the implementation of appropriate tactical solutions contained in the CAST Safety Plan

52 COSCAP History COSCAP-South East Asia has been working on safety issues for the last seven years. South East Asia Regional Aviation Safety Team (SEARAST): reviews safety recommendations, develops interventions, tracks implementation. Focused primarily on improving safety by reducing accident risk.

53 Global Aviation Safety Roadmap (GASR) Proactive approach to aviation safety Help coordinate and guide safety policies 12 Focus Areas established 4 Focused on States (government) 1 Joint regional responsibilities 8 Focused on industry (operators) The Focus Areas are high level Accident risk reduction not defined or identified Best Practices identified for each Focus Area

54 12 Global Safety Initiatives The strategic action plan, Implementation the Global Aviation Safety Roadmap defines: Focus Areas. Objective of each Focus Area. Best Practices for each Focus Area. Metrics for each Best Practices.

55 Metrics In many instances the metrics link with: ICAO USOAP audit results used when related to States. IATA ISOA audit results used when related to industry. ICAO Annexes, SARPS, Documents, etc. Prior Roadmap Workshops have developed an implementation tool.

56 Example from Focus Area 1, International Standards Best Practices, Metrics and Implementation

57 Example from Focus Area 9, Inconsistent Adoption of Industry Best Practices Best Practices, Metrics and Implementation

58 Example from Focus Area 5, Inconsistent Coordination of Regional Programs Best Practices, Metrics and Implementation

59 Evaluation Prior to a GASR Workshop, the Programme Coordinator working with the SEARAST should evaluate the Focus Areas, Objectives and Metrics to identify possible duplication and gaps within the Region.

60 Benefits of an Evaluation Help maintain perspective between: Current Safety Team activity, USOAP audit results and actions, IOSA audit results and actions, and GASR Focus Areas Help to focus on priorities reducing risk Identify and avoid duplication Ongoing activity and efforts Teams

61 Possible Duplication USOAP Programme, DP3 SEARAST recommendations, actions and implementation, DP5 Safety Management Systems (SMS), DP6 Incident and Accident Investigation Creation of an additional safety team

62 In South East Asia Programme Coordinator and Safety Team (SEARAST) to evaluate GASR Best Practices, Metrics and Implementation Level to identify gaps and areas of duplication. Programme Coordinator: Report results of review to Steering Committee. Recommend future action. Approve the revised Terms of Reference.


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