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Intelligent Grid & Distributed Energy (DE) Social Dimension Diane Costello – Research Fellow Prof Daniela Stehlik – Project Manager Alcoa Research Centre.

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Presentation on theme: "Intelligent Grid & Distributed Energy (DE) Social Dimension Diane Costello – Research Fellow Prof Daniela Stehlik – Project Manager Alcoa Research Centre."— Presentation transcript:

1 Intelligent Grid & Distributed Energy (DE) Social Dimension Diane Costello – Research Fellow Prof Daniela Stehlik – Project Manager Alcoa Research Centre for Stronger Communities June, 2008 C S I R O Energy Transformed Flagship

2 Disciplinary Background  Community Psychology – Curtin & Notre Dame Universities  Rural & Indigenous communities.  health, mental health, racism, discrimination; crime, community sustainability, policy /program evaluation.  CSIRO - IG Energy Transformed project  Social Scientist : “ human, socio-political & economic implications ” - LEDE systems.  “ Sustainable Energy: Feasibility of DE solutions for SMEs in rural communities ”

3 National Study – IG & DE  EMBED - climate change & human, social, political change - GHG mitigation. My ROLE?  “ Intelligent Grid (IG) & DE ” -Terry Jones, LEDE Theme Leader, CSIRO Energy Flagship, NSW.  “research-halving GHG emissions & doubling efficiencies -new generation technologies”.  “future vision for an electricity network in Australia - DE resources play a critical part”!  IG “using information, communications and control technologies to integrate the electricity network with DE resources.  DE “distributed/decentralised generation & use of energy”.

4 CSIRO & University Partners 1.Technological;2.Economic;3.Social

5 DE Stand Alone or Connected Main Grid

6 Distributed Energy DE  “ distributed (decentralised) generation and use of energy ”.  POWER “ produced at or near point- consumption.  DE “ small-scale stationary modular technology located close to consumer ”.  Distributed Generation: -unit sizes “ few kW to multi MW - under 30MW.  DE Resources – Sources : fossil fuels, renewables, fuel cells.

7 Reciprocating engines Micro turbines Fuel cells Energy storage PV, wind, solar thermal, hydro Waste heat recovery Heating, cooling, electricity Demand side management Communications and control DE Technologies

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9 DE Systems & Energy Sources  DE Resources:  ‘ power quality; backup; primary source.  E-Sources – Combined other Technologies “ promote efficiencies & reduce GHG emissions.  Denmark “ decentralised cogeneration ” (CHP/Combined Heat & Power) systems (natural gas engines, small biomass combusters)- local/municipal owned.  POLICY: reduced risks to investors; CHP, renewables and waste-to-energy projects priority access- main grid.

10 Council of Woking Burrough, Surrey DE networks: Woking Town Centre & Woking Park district & number of residential local community energy systems - based on CHP, fuel cell, photovoltaic, thermal storage & heat fired absorption cooling technologies.  1990s- mini Heat & Power Stations; thousands PV cells on roofs.  % energy;  GHG emissions - 77%.

11  3 micro turbines - power & heating (hot water, pool, spas) INTELLIGENT CONTROLS: (Fuzzy Logic, Neural Networks) optimize performance grid Isolation- outage CHP- Hilton Garden Inn, Chesterton, Indiana

12 Summary - DE Systems  GENERATE power, heat & cooling - locally; stand alone or connected to the grid –  Existing & emerging technologies – under 30MW!  INTEGRATE - variety sources: gas tech.; renewables, traditional generation.  COMPLEX : “ heating, cooling & powering a commercial building ”.  Integrating: solar panels, microturbines, fuel cells & main grid electricity.  GAS: from animal waste - cooking!  Complementary – Efficiency; Emissions!

13 Advantages of DE  Infrastructure : Decreased need to size transmission networks for peak loads;  Economics : reduces costs of transmission & distribution system upgrades.  Efficiency : No transmission losses from DE;  New generators - added in weeks;  Capacity - added as needed;  Waste heat - used for heating & cooling – gains energy efficiency (30% to 80%)  Sustainability : Renewable sources often better suited for small size DE (solar, biofuels)  Consumer : potential lower cost, higher service reliability, high power quality, increased energy efficiency, energy independence.

14 Evaluating Deployment of DE  CONSENSUS -positive benefits DE  Costs, Barriers - Drivers!  Costs : Environmental, Social, Political, Economic & Community Interests at Stake?  Barriers : Connection costs - High!  High costs of Technology – discourages investment !  Limited access, awareness – subsidies, grants!  Policy, Regulations & Market access  Human Behaviour: Economic Growth-sustainable actions?  Drivers: Climate Change; Emissions Trading; Soaring energy prices; Energy Crisis!  ISSUES – holistic perspective – Deploy DE!

15 Outcomes of National Research  Increase understanding of real benefits of DE options;  Clearer evaluation of value of DE options;  More effective public debate on the role of DE options;  More streamlined and consistent considerations of DE options in policy;

16 Goals of this Research  Social Implications - LEDE deployment - sustainable energy & climate change.  FOCUS – evaluating feasibility – DE resources within SMEs sector.  RECRUIT -key informants & stakeholders!  PROCEDURES : interviews & focus group discussions.  KEY ISSUES : Reliability of energy supply? Increase in Energy Demands? What DE options -currently available? The Barriers? Community acceptance?

17 PROCEDURES - PARTICIPANTS  CASE SCENARAIOS – DE technologies being deployed in SME sector - Evaluate its feasibility!  Ethics & Confidentiality: notes: password- protected computer. Member Verification.  DATA - de-identified – confidential!  Human Research Ethnics committee.  Discussions - Research focus & procedures?  THANK YOU FOR LISTENING


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