Presentation on theme: "Criminal networks and black markets in transnational environmental crime: some thoughts on a conceptual framework Prof Lorraine Elliott Transnational Environmental."— Presentation transcript:
Criminal networks and black markets in transnational environmental crime: some thoughts on a conceptual framework Prof Lorraine Elliott Transnational Environmental Crime Project The Australian National University ips.cap.anu.edu.au/ir/tec
2 Introduction/overview Purpose: the ‘who’ but also the ‘how’ of TEC – criminal networks and black markets Logistic trails Network analyses to understand illegal market operations Networks as entrepreneurial structures
Approach to criminal networks/black trade Focus/unit of analysisApproach CriminologySocial networks (SNA)Relational Transaction Cost Economics Value/commodity chains and production Transactional Public policy/management Governance/structureOrganisational 3
SNA: document roles, relationships, social complexity; but also useful conceptual scaffolding … brokerage, centrality, density, redundancy, structural holes TCE: spatial/geographic organisation of [illicit] production; inputs [material/labour], ‘outsourcing’, network supply relationships PPM: governance structures, collective action and patterns of interaction 4
Analytical framework for understanding logistic trails and entrepreneurial structures Nodes (managing illicit trade flows) –Functional –Geographic (‘black holes’) Organisational – form and function Chain networks Loosely coupled, organisationally flat Task specificity and arm’s length transactions Hub and spoke networks functionally specific nodes, higher density but ‘need to know’ opportunities for ‘king pin’ strategies 5
Relationships of illegal commercial exchange Specialisation and differentiation (skills) Redundancy and criticality (options) Brokerage (positioning) Supply and exchange relationships (product/skill/labour) commodity suppliers captive suppliers turn-key suppliers 6
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