Presentation on theme: "Internationalising the curriculum at UQ"— Presentation transcript:
1Internationalising the curriculum at UQ Dr Anna Ciccarelli, Deputy Vice-Chancellor (International)A/Prof Betty Leask, ALTC National Teaching Fellow, University of South AustraliaDr Rhonda Breit, School of Journalism & CommunicationDr Victoria Kain, School of Nursing & Midwifery Dr Wendy Green, TEDI
2Global Strategy & Internationalisation The University of Queensland Dr Anna Ciccarelli Deputy Vice Chancellor International Dr Wendy Green Teaching & Educational Development Institute
3Distinctiveness of Internationalisation at UQ UQ’s Global StrategyDistinctiveness of Internationalisation at UQOverview of presentation focus areas
4STRATEGIC PLAN 2011-2015 INTERNATIONALISATION PLAN 2011-2015 LEARNINGDISCOVERYENGAGEMENTINTERNATIONALISATION PLANUQ GLOBAL STRATEGYREGION / COUNTRY PRIORITY FRAMEWORKAdvanced Science & Technology Economies National & State PrioritiesDeveloping Countries National Development PrioritiesREGION AND COUNTRY STRATEGIESUQ’s Strategy & Priorities Matching Capabilities & Priorities Achievements to dateCountry’s Own Priorities Economy / DevelopmentEducation / ResearchPARTNER COLLABORATION INDEXClear block indicates public facing document. Coloured block indicates internal information only.Highly Engaged PartnersSpecialised PartnershipsNew & Developing Relationships
5Evidence based Approach to GS & IZN InstitutionalGlobal PartnersQuality of the Student ExperienceStudent Mobility% international students% staff with International QualsEnglish Language Policy & ProvisionSchool basedStudent Exchange & Outbound mobilityProgram evaluation and renewalIoC – trialling of QIC in program reviewUQ Partner Collaboration IndexISB/SB benchmarkingGo8, QLD 5, U21AUIDF BenchmarkingUQ dataComparative academic performance of ESB/NESBSchool Based Performance Framework indicatorNursing, Journalism, Social WorkGrad attributes – ELP & intercultural
6Educating Global Citizens & Leaders UQ is committed to enriching education through international engagement.UQ currently has exchange partnerships with a range of education institutions in 35 countriesOffers a flexible collaboration models accompanied by a range of options for research studentsUQ has a set goal for a quarter of our undergraduate student population to have a mobility experienceUQ is committed to comprehensive Internationalisation &Internationalisation for ALL studentsOptions for research students include Coutelle to joint PhD, Dual PhD, Research Study Abroad and capacity-building programs.The Australian Government has a visa framework which supports short term research optionsUQ provides funding for research students to access and contribute to external research collaborationsCurrent student population 43,731UQ is home to more than 2,600 highly qualified academic staff.UQ is a national leader in ALTC Grants, Fellowships and Investigation projects. -UQ hosted the most highly attended Universitas 21 Summer School in 2009, drawing students and academics from the network of 21 research-intensive universities.Potential and existing students are benefited from an extra 200 scholarships being offered by UQ, bringing total scholarships for academic excellence and equity to 550.-In 2009 UQ led grants from the Australian Learning and Teaching Council totalled $950,000.
7Nurturing leaders in the world The University’s great minds making great contributionsProf. Peter Doherty1996 Nobel Laureate for Medicine and 1997 Australian of the YearHer Excellency Dr Quentin BryceAC, Governor General of AustraliaDr Lee Boon YangSingapore’s former Minister for Information, Communications and the ArtsDr Andrew LiverisPresident, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of The Dow Chemical CompanyThrough The Global Challenges Leadership Series, UQ invites alumni and partners to engage with the University’s great minds in a dialogue of global discussions.Over 14,000 UQ alumni are based abroadOur society of 188,700 alumni spans 150 countries with 10 international alumni associationsUQ is committed to identifying, developing and reinforcing collegial and supportive relationships among alumni internationally and nationally.UQ has also graduated:Dr Andrew Liveris, President and Chief Executive Office of The Dow Chemicals CompanyDr Yuen Chung Lau, Natalis J. P. (aka Nat Yuen), 2010 International Alumnus of the YearGeoffrey Rush, Academy Award, Emmy Award and Tony Award Winning actor.
8Internationalisation @UQ: Opportunity and choice Core CurriculumOption 1. Co-curricularThe UQ Advantage AwardOption 2. Enriched CurriculumConcurrent diplomas – languages, global issuesUQ’s internationalisation agenda is embedded within the three key themes of learning, discovery and engagement:Learning: The internationalisation of our curricula enables our students to develop the knowledge, skills, attitudes and habits of global-minded citizens.Discovery: Our research institutes and faculties bring together the best minds from around the world to tackle issues of global significance.Engagement: Inclusion and impact are the key principles driving engagement strategies at UQ.Depth of shading indicates anticipated numbers of students participatingOption 3. Specialised CurriculumB. International StudiesCompulsory Language and mobility
9Developing a systematic, do-able approach - considerations UQ has a devolved organisational structureAvailable IoC typologies don’t necessarily address our prioritiesWe need to be able to leverage UQ’s existing strengths (esp.co-curricular)We need to acknowledge differenceDisciplinary - ways of learning for global citizenship will differ from discipline to disciplinePersonal - IoC will appeal to some students and staff more than othersConsiderations1. Typical of large (relatively) old research universities UQ has a number of loosely federated faculties within a highly devolved organisational structure – implications for across-institutional change!2. Euro typologies tend to prioritise teaching in English and increasing foreign language capacity (e.g., Van der Wende, 1996). The latter - increasingly important in an Australian context, but some other aspects of internationalisation have a higher priority (e.g., the potential pedagogical value of cultural diversity on the home campus, including relatively high numbers of international students) and some have a lower priority (e.g., outbound student mobility).a complex, non-linear and necessarily contextual processes.
10The challenge Considering all of these factors, How can we ensure that all students engage with IoC, in ways that address differences between students, staff and disciplines within core curriculum, while enabling and documenting students’ engagement with the rich array of elective enrichment options in the formal and informal curriculum?
11Proposal IoC at UQ: Opportunity and choice Core CurriculumOption 1. Co-curricularThe UQ AdvantageOption 2. Enriched CurriculumConcurrent diplomasDepth of shading indicates anticipated numbers of students participatingOption 3. Specialised CurriculumB. International Studies
12Where are we up to? For each of the ‘Options’ Student uptake for all options is increasing, with high student satisfactionHow to ensure access & equity – esp. co-curricular?Core curriculum - challenging!Structure of the program – mapping/creating the pathwaysProcesses of teaching – the how – T&L that is culturally sensitive, inclusive & criticalBut consultations (IoTL Report) & review of literature suggest that incremental, systematic, supported introduction will be effective, throughClear institutional focusExisting Program Review ProcessesResources -QIC & case studies (Leask 2011)Staff development, funding, recognition/reward
13Internationalising the curriculum October Betty Leask, UniSA Australian National Teaching Fellow
14ALTC National Teaching Fellowship ‘How can we internationalise the curriculum in this discipline area in this particular institutional context and ensure that, as a result, we improve the learning outcomes of all students?’13 Australian universities5 universities in England, US, The Netherlands and South AfricaDisciplines – Nursing; Journalism; Social Sciences; Public Relations; Management; Accounting; Applied Science; Medicine
15Outputs ‘Discipline-specific’ literature search A conceptual framework Case studies of IoC in actionProcess of IoC described + support resources‘Blockers and Enablers’ survey
16Internationalisation of the curriculum An internationalised curriculum (product) will purposefully develop the international and intercultural perspectives (skills, knowledge and attitudes) of all studentsIoC is the incorporation of an international and intercultural dimension into the preparation, delivery and outcomes of a program of study (process)(Leask 2009)What do you think this definition means in practice for 1. faculty? 2. students?Internationalisation of the curriculum is ‘the incorporation of an international and intercultural dimension into the content of the curriculum as well as the TEACHING AND LEARNING [ARRANGEMENTS] and support services of a program of study’
17Intercultural competence ‘the ability to communicate effectively and appropriately in intercultural situations based on one’s intercultural knowledge, skills and attitudes’ (Deardorff 2006, p. 247).mindset, skillset, and heartset (Bennett, 2008)knowledge, behaviours, attitudes and values (Byram 1997)Means confronting and challenging biases, beliefs and stereotypes
18A conceptual framework for internationalisation of the curriculum
19Institutional context: What mission, ethos, policies and priorities? Global context: What kind of world do we live in? What kind of world do we want?National and regional context: What culture of HE internationalisation, past, present, future?Institutional context: What mission, ethos, policies and priorities?Informal curriculum: What services, opportunities for experience and extension beyond the formal curriculum?Formal curriculum: What learning experiences, outcomes & assessment?Knowledge in and across the disciplinesResidual, dominant, emerging and imagined paradigmsProfessional practice and citizenship (local, national and global)Systematic development in all students of identified international and intercultural knowledge, skills and attitudes
20Internationalisation of the curriculum is: Context sensitiveMultiple contextual layersFuture orientedCritical perspectives on the past and presentFounded on excellent teaching and researchWith clear ‘rationale’ and learning outcomes‘Aligned’ and student focussed
21IoC in the disciplinesis related to the way in which disciplines and professions are culturally constructed, bound and constrictedrequires that academic staff think outside of these traditional restrictive, boundarieshas ‘macro-level’ as well as ‘micro-level’ implications for programslooks different in different disciplinesSome can’t do this; some don’t want to do it and sometimes those who are interested don’t know where to start.disciplinary knowledge is not culture-free
22Medicine 2011How do we ensure that our graduates are equipped to provide effective health care to patients from diverse linguistic and cultural backgrounds?How do we know that they are appropriately equipped – K,S&A?To what extent does our program focus on dominant Western paradigms of medicine?Is this focus appropriate today?What about in the future?
23The process of IoC Reflect and Review Imagine Revise and Plan ImplementEvaluate
24Reflect and ReviewQuestionnaire for Internationalisation of the Curriculum (QIC)16 questions related to:ContextTeaching and learning arrangementsAssessmentA continuum1__________2__________3__________4Localised Internationalised
25How internationalised is your curriculum already? Localised curriculum1__________2_________3_________4Internationalised curriculumMulti-cultural group workInternational learning outcomesStudy abroadWhere does each of these fit on this continuum?Under what conditions?Case studies from different culturesLanguage study
30Conclusion Internationalisation of the curriculum: is related to the way in which disciplines and professions are culturally constructed, bound and constrictedrequires that you think outside of these traditional restrictive, boundarieshas ‘macro-level’ as well as ‘micro-level’ implications for programsis ‘owned’ by discipline experts
31ReferencesLeask, B. (2009) Using formal and informal curricula to improve interactions between home and international students. Journal of Studies in International Education, Vol. 13, No. 2,
32Internationalising the curriculum in Journalism, Communications & PR From Internationalisation to De-Westernisation Rhonda Breit Levi Obijiofor Richard Fitzgerald The School of Journalism and Communication. The University of Queensland
33Internationalization and De Westernisation. We began with the questionnaire.What does ‘internationlisation’ mean for our disciplines?Much of our curriculum content draws upon international examples.Much of our theoretical base is drawn from international thought.Much of our research is published in international journals.Our student cohort at undergraduate is largely domestic, while at post grad is largely international.What about the non English contexts, non western practice, non western examples?
34Internationalisation to De-Westernisation “The choice for non western journalist academics is often to either remain relevant to the local conditions of their trade or abandon this to engage with the dominant western theories and research which may have little connection to their situation”. (Wasserman and De Beer (2009) They also point out (not without irony we think) that the International Communication Association’s Journalism Division now has over half their members originating from outside the USA. (it does not however say how many of these members from outside the USA are from other English speaking countries such as the UK, Australia, Canada etc, or other westernised nations such as Europe.)
35Approaching De westernisation. The pervasiveness of westernised thought (mainly in the English language) dominates modes of dissemination which tends to produce a homogenous perspective from which other non western experiences are excluded. However, there is an increasing uncertainty about what was taken for granted and the relevance of the dominant model of journalism and professional communication that has been established and is perpetuated. We decided that as a school we would approach this exercise through the lens of de westernisation and to explore our curriculum through this frame.
361. Student cohort We have a 2 courses which are fully focused on international and intercultural content We have a number of areas in the curriculum which draw upon non western practice, theories and assessment. These are at different stages of the ‘wheel’. 4. While having regular whole of school planning days and activities we found out we did not have a full awareness of the range and scope of where this is and how it is incorporated in the curriculum.Where we are.
37Approaching De westernisation. Where are we, and what do we do already? Review and ReflectImagineRevise and PlanActEvaluateAs a schoolnegotiateour activities
38What we have done. 1 - Graduate attributes: Reflections on the language of our School-based graduate attributesOur School-based graduate attributes aim to produce graduates who will reflect the following: a). Be global b). Be ethical c). Be accountable d). Be responsive to change e). Evaluate & adapt practice to respond to a changing context. What do these concepts mean? E.g. What does it mean to be “global”? Does it mean understanding other people and cultures?
39Possible changes to graduate attributes Our aim is to promote a transformative educational experience for communicators of the future, who are able to work across diverse inter-cultural contexts. Graduates of our program will be reflective practitioners who are:Mindful of the habits and assumptions;Capable of dealing with complex problems across different professional and cultural settings;Capable of positioning their approaches within the global and local contextsCapable of ethical reasoning that is mindful of diversity and changing socio-cultural settings;Accountable for their actions;Responsive to change;Capable of evaluating & adapting practice to respond to a changing context;Engage in lifelong learning.
40So, what does de-Westernisation mean for Journalism and Communication at UQ. It means reflecting and understanding our student cohorts. From where, to where and what they need.It means challenging the normative model by which we judge and assess.It means understanding local environments in global perspectives.It means not treating other journalism as ‘alternative’ and locating these within a boutique course about how they do things in other countries.It means understanding localised practices and where technology has enabled interconnections with wider potential audiences but also other less technologically driven environments.It means taking seriously what others may have been taking seriously themselves for some time.It means being reflexive with the differences in approach and practice.It means embedding this in all areas of the curriculum.
413. What next? - Reflect and Revise How we can bring coherence and emphasis to the things we do across the curriculuma). Through Teaching and Learning Committee meetings b). Through cluster meetings (different clusters meet to map and compare teaching and assessment practices). Clusters include journalism practice, PR practice, research, social change, and PG research. c). Brainstorming during School retreats at the start of every semester to see how our programs and courses align.
42What we have done. 2. Full Courses. Content and Assessment 1). International Journalism & Mass Communication The course aims to give students a broader perspective of international news reporting in different cultures. Students engage in a project that encourages them to get away from a purely Australian view of foreign news reporting in order to appreciate the nature of foreign news reporting in other cultures. Specifically, students compare and contrast the way foreign news is reported in three newspapers published in overseas countries (western and non-western countries) and in three Australian newspapers.
43Full Courses – Content and Assessment 2). Identity, Culture and Communication This course provides students with an opportunity to experience intercultural communication in different Australian communities. The course requires students to write a report on a cultural event that they attended during the semester. Students must attend and participate in one cultural event which is organised by members of a culture other than their own. Students are required to write a report in which they reflect on the event as non-members of the culture.
44What we have done. 3. Examples of in-course content and assessment. 3). Participatory Development Communication Course modules use many examples/illustrations from Research Centre projects in Vietnam, Indonesia. Guest speakers, including international RHD students, present on cases of projects overseas. Student cohort is international (about 75%) and students are given the opportunity to present case studies from their own countries. 4). Communication for Social Change Practicum Opportunities to do practicum with overseas organisations (e.g. students work with FAO in Vietnam, UNESCO in India, etc.) Opportunities to do practicum on international issues for Australian development organisations (e.g. Amnesty International, OXFAM, MDA).
452.In-course content and assessment, continued 5). Communication Strategy & Practice, and Communication Campaigns These two courses have been the locale of an extended program of service learning. Undergraduate and postgraduate students in the PR and PC streams complete a service-learning based course as part of their degree. The first purpose of service-learning was to offer students the opportunity to engage in a local context with global issues: such as climate change and refugees. Another purpose of service-learning was to promote civic engagement. A number of the projects contributed to internationalisation of the curriculum.
46Other areas of practice: We focus not only on internationalisation/de-westernisation but also on Indigenous issuesIndigenous Voice Project The project conducted in 2009 aimed primarily to address The University of Queensland’s Education Principles on Indigenous Australian Matters (EPIAM) by: • encouraging the incorporation of Indigenous perspectives in our curriculum. • improving the understanding of students and staff of Indigenous issues and recognising the importance and contribution of Indigenous Knowledge as an emerging discipline. • embedding into the curriculum Indigenous Knowledge so that it is considered and incorporated alongside traditional discipline content.
47Internationalising the curriculum in Nursing and Midwifery Dr Victoria Kain School of Nursing & MidwiferyDr Victoria KainProgram Director: Bachelor of Nursing & Honours
48An internationalised curriculum in nursing Key drivers in healthcare: Healthcare consumers are entitled to culturally competent care. Nursing curricula need to include cultural content and student nurses and faculty members need to be culturally competent.
49IOC in action: Where is our School in the cycle? Review and ReflectImagineRevise and PlanActEvaluate
50Our School’s Involvement Overriding question: ‘How can we internationalise the curriculum in this discipline area, in this particular institutional context, and ensure that, as a result, we improve the learning outcomes of all students?’ Strategy: Step 1: Identifying the Team Step 2: Completing the Questionnaire (Questionnaire on the Internationalisation of the Curriculum (QIC) Step 3: Discussing the responses Step 4: Developing the action plan
51Completing the Questionnaire The Internationalisation of the Curriculum (QIC) is a 20 item scale with options for participant explanatory responses.Electronically distributed using Qualtrics software60% response rateOn a scale of 1 – 4: Respondents rated internationalisation of our curriculum at 2.9.We then conducted a Focus Group interview …
52Discussing the Responses The team came together after having completed the questionnaire, to share their responses and discuss the rationales for their answers and any similarities and differences between them.Key themes:We indentified that the School shows its commitment to internationalisation of the curriculum in a number of ways:A PBL curriculum with internationally themed practice problems;A growing cohort of Overseas Educated Professional Nurses in our PBL groups;The accredited Cambodian clinical placement;Nursing and Midwifery Student Exchange and Study Abroad scheme: engagement with our exchange partners with incoming and outgoing students;But … do we need a more overt approach to the curriculum?
53Developing an Action Plan Specific objectives:To explore in our team what internationalisation of the curriculum means, using the taxonomy of intercultural competence by: • Raising Awareness • Developing Understanding and Facilitating awarenessKey questions:Specifically, what does it mean in relation to our discipline?What are some of the ways in which we could internationalise the curriculum in a particular course/unit?