Presentation on theme: "Building Social Cohesion from Below Based on: The learnings from the Laletek (Bridge) Project 2010-2012 Presentation by: Catharina Maria, M.A. On Timor-Leste."— Presentation transcript:
Building Social Cohesion from Below Based on: The learnings from the Laletek (Bridge) Project Presentation by: Catharina Maria, M.A. On Timor-Leste Update, ANU, Canbera, November 2013
What we will discuss: Communal Conflict in Timor- Leste CRS and Laletek (Bridge) Project Key Baseline Study Results Strengths: Evidence-based Peacebuilding The strengths of the project Most Significant Changes The Necessary Conditions
Communal Conflict in Timor-Leste Small-scale communal conflict was a fact of life in Dili. Small disputes often escalated due to rumors and lack of actions. Peacebuilding efforts at times top-down and focus on the main conflict line
Laletek (Bridge) Project Two Year Project: March 2010 –2012 Funding : USD 684,000 from the Office of Conflict Mitigation and Management/USAID and CRS Implemented by CRS and DJPC Dili Target Area: 22 hamlets in 6 villages in Dili Project goal: Opposing groups in targeted aldeias reduce violent conflict with each other. Two Strategic Objectives: 1.Opposing Groups develop healthy relationships, and 2.Collaborate non-violently to manage local infrastructure.
Key Baseline Study Results The sources of conflicts varied greatly in each suku/aldeia The actors involved in conflicts and the point of entry were identified. The existing/potential local peacebuilders and conflict resolution mechanisms were identified. The recent history of development and conflicts were developed The barriers of peace were discussed => The Baseline Study helped the project to be more precise and tailor the activities, timing and targets based on the different realities.
Laletek Strengths 1. 1.Evidence-based Peacebuilding 2. 2.The process is as important as the result Targeting the troublemakers while strengthening local peacebuilders 4. 4.Multi-pronged approach which targeted the multi-level nature of conflict 5. 5.Church-led: Consent and Ownership 6. 6.Coordination and Collaboration (to national level) 7. 7.Built something together at the end
Most Significant Changes: Final Project Evaluation, James Scambary, Feb 2012 Five out of six communities believed Laletek projects had brought peaceful change to their communities Two communities thought this change was exclusively a result of Laletek’s programs Four communities thought Laletek had reinforced other community or NGO activities Two non-beneficiary communities confirmed that they now had no conflict with four neighbouring beneficiary communities
The Necessary Conditions Community buy in – cooperation and readiness of those involved. Should be bottom up and not top down approach. Long term process: needs a lot of resources, including skilled and motivated staff. A thorough process for identification of issues and its possible resolution, troublemakers as well as peacebuilders. Women and youth's participation is crucial.