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First They Came for the Jews By Pastor Martin Niemöller First they came for the Jews and I did not speak out because I was not a Jew. Then they came for.

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Presentation on theme: "First They Came for the Jews By Pastor Martin Niemöller First they came for the Jews and I did not speak out because I was not a Jew. Then they came for."— Presentation transcript:

1 First They Came for the Jews By Pastor Martin Niemöller First they came for the Jews and I did not speak out because I was not a Jew. Then they came for the communists and I did not speak out because I was not a communist. Then they came for the trade unionists and I did not speak out because I was not a trade unionist. Then they came for me and by then there was no one left to speak out for me.

2 Night Who is to Blame?

3 ASSIGNMENT Directions: You will be determining who was responsible for creating the Holocaust and to what extent they are guilty of crimes against humanity. Create a pie chart in which you assign the person(s) listed the percentage of responsibility you believe they should bear for the Holocaust. Remember, all percentages must add up to 100%.

4 PIE CHART COLORS RED: Local residents BLUE: Minor Nazi soldiers GREEN: Hitler YELLOW: German citizens ORANGE: Cooperative Jews PURPLE: Top SS Officers BROWN: Non-Jewish Europeans WHITE: Leaders of Allies (USSR, USA, & British Empire) PINK: Churches BLACK: Yahweh, the God of the Jewish faith

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6 Whos to Blame Explanation Directions: Write a short answer response, at least three (3) sentences, for each group explaining why they receive a given percentage of the blame. Be specific! Short answer responses must be submitted on a separate piece of paper, be neat, and without spelling errors.

7 OBEDIENCE Does mankind instinctively question and challenge authority, or is mankind more likely to obey authority? Does this change if an individual is institutionalized?

8 OBEDIENCE: The Milgram Experiment (1961) INSPIRED Trial of German Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann (1961) TEST QUESTION "Was there a mutual sense of morality among those involved?" or were these accomplices simply following orders?

9 OBEDIENCE: The Milgram Experiment The experimenter (E) orders the teacher (T), the subject of the experiment, to give what the latter believes are painful electric shocks to a learner (L), who is actually an actor […]. The subject believes that for each wrong answer, the learner was receiving actual electric shocks, though in reality there were no such punishments. Being separated from the subject, the [actor] set up a tape recorder integrated with the electro-shock generator, which played pre- recorded sounds for each shock level.

10 OBEDIENCE: The Milgram Experiment (1961)

11 PREDICTION Before conducting the experiment, Milgram polled fourteen Yale University senior-year psychology majors to predict the behavior of 100 hypothetical teachers. All of the poll respondents believed that only a very small fraction of teachers (the range was from zero to 3 out of 100, with an average of 1.2) would be prepared to inflict the maximum voltage OBEDIENCE: The Milgram Experiment (1961)

12 RESULTS In Milgram's first set of experiments, 65 percent (26 of 40) of experiment participants administered the experiment's final massive 450-volt shock, though many were very uncomfortable doing so; at some point, every participant paused and questioned the experiment, some said they would refund the money they were paid for participating in the experiment. OBEDIENCE: The Milgram Experiment (1961)

13 FROM Milgrams The Perils of Obedience: Ordinary people, simply doing their jobs, and without any particular hostility on their part, can become agents in a terrible destructive process.

14 Who is to Blame? Are members of the Nazi forces still largely guilty if mankind is innately susceptible to obeying authority? YOU DECIDE: Graphs due Tuesday, May 17 th

15 Additional Resources ment#Results ment#Results Milgram-Experiment Milgram-Experiment-1961


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