# Introduction to Fractions

## Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Fractions"— Presentation transcript:

Introduction to Fractions
By Graeme Henchel

Index 3/7+2/3 No diagram Adding Mixed Numbers Multiplying Fractions
What is a fraction? Mixed Numbers method 1 Mixed Numbers method 2 Equivalent Fractions Special form of one Why Special form of one Finding equivalent fractions Adding: Common denominators Adding: Different denominators Common denominators 1 Common denominators 2 ½+1/3 with diagram 1/3+1/4 with diagram ½ +2/5 with diagram 3/7+2/3 No diagram Adding Mixed Numbers Multiplying Fractions Multiplying Mixed Numbers 1 Multiplying Mixed numbers 2 Multiplying Mixed diagram Dividing Fractions Fraction Flowchart .ppt Fraction Flowchart .doc Decimal Fractions Fraction<->Decimal<-> %

What is a Fraction? A fraction is formed by dividing a whole into a number of parts I’m the NUMERATOR. I tell you the number of parts I’m the DENOMINATOR. I tell you the name of part

Mixed numbers to improper fractions
Convert whole numbers to thirds Mixed number Improper fraction

Another Way to change Mixed Numbers to improper fractions
In short 5x3+2=17 Since 5/5=1 there are 5 fifths in each whole. So 3 wholes will have 3x5=15 fifths. Plus the 2 fifths already there makes a total of 15+2=17 fifths

Equivalent fractions An equivalent fraction is one that has the same value and position on the number line but has a different denominator Equivalent fractions can be found by multiplying by a special form of 1

Multiplying By a Special Form of One
Why does it work? Multiplying any number by 1 does not change the value 4x1=4, 9x1=9 ………. Any number divided by itself =1. Multiplying a fraction by a special form of one changes the numerator and the denominator but DOES NOT CHANGE THE VALUE

1

Finding equivalent fractions
Convert 5ths to 20ths That’s 4 so I must multiply by What do we multiply 5 by to get a product of 20? Special form of 1

Simplifying Fractions: Cancelling
Simplifying means finding an equivalent fraction with the LOWEST denominator by making a special form of 1 equal to 1 1 Another way of doing this