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Jane Schaffer Writing Strategy How to Write an Effective Paragraph.

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Presentation on theme: "Jane Schaffer Writing Strategy How to Write an Effective Paragraph."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Jane Schaffer Writing Strategy How to Write an Effective Paragraph

3 The Prompt Before writing anything, know your assignment READ THE PROMPT! What are you being asked to do? Response-to-Literature Writing= writing that discusses what is of value in a work of literature. Literary Response requires a careful, critical look at the reading.

4 Get Ready to Color Your World! How to Write an Effective Paragraph Materials: When we write, we will use blue, red, and black pens. –BLACK is for Commentary Sentences (CM). –RED is for Concrete Details (CD). –BLUE is for Topic Sentences (TS) and Concluding Sentences (CS).

5 Step 1: TOPIC SENTENCE A Topic Sentence (TS) is the top bun of a hamburger. TS = first sentence of a body paragraph. It shows the main idea. Usually a mildly controversial statement--something that you have to prove.

6 1) In chapter seven of The Outsiders, Ponyboys conversation with Randy shows a different side of the Socs. Example Topic Sentence (TS)

7 Step 2: CONCRETE DETAILS Concrete Details (CD) are the meat of the hamburger. CDs = Support for your TS. (facts, quotes, examples, etc. from text) CDs cant be argued witha CD is evidence that supports your point!

8 Example Concrete Detail (CD) 2) For example, up to this point, the majority of the Socs have been characterized as wealthy, well-to-do kids who do not face the economic hardships faced by the Greasers.

9 Step 3: COMMENTARY Commentary Sentences (CM) are the extras on the hamburgerthe tomato, cheese, lettuce, mayothey make it delicious! CMs = your analysis, interpretation, explanation, or insight into the text.

10 Example Commentary Sentences (2 CMs) 3) Until now, the Socs do not seem to face difficult circumstances, and spend much of their time getting drunk and picking fights with the Greasers. 4) Ponyboys conversation with Randy, however, shows us that like the Greasers, the Socs struggle with emotions such as pain.

11 Step 4: CONCLUDING SENTENCE A concluding sentence (CS) is the bottom bun of the hamburger. A CS wraps up the paragraph. It rephrases the main idea.

12 Example Concluding Sentence (CS) 5) In conclusion, Ponyboys conversation with Randy shows us that like the Greasers, the Socs face difficult circumstances and emotions in their lives.

13 TS, CD, CM, CSNow What? CHUNKING For a literary response, we will use a combination (or ratio) of 1:2. That is, for every 1 CD, you will have 2 CMs. A combination of CDs and CMs is called a chunk.

14 One Chunk: 1 CD + 2 CM 1) For example, up to this point, the majority of the Socs have been characterized as wealthy, well- to-do kids who do not face the economic hardships faced by the Greasers. 1) Until now, the Socs do not seem to face difficult circumstances, and spend much of their time getting drunk and picking fights with the Greasers. 2) Ponyboys conversation with Randy, however, shows us that like the Greasers, the Socs struggle with emotions such as pain. Ratio = 1:2

15 Transitions A good paragraph will also use transition words. These are words or phrases that help readers connect your ideas. Example transitions: For example, For instance, Consequently, Thus, As a result, Because of this, In summary, Hence, Therefore,

16 Does It Flow? Now you know how to write a one- chunk paragraph… LETS EAT!

17 Step 6: A Whole Paragraph In chapter seven of The Outsiders, Ponyboys conversation with Randy shows a different side of the Socs. For example, up to this point, the majority of the Socs have been characterized as wealthy, well-to-do kids who do not face the economic hardships faced by the Greasers. Until now, the Socs do not seem to face difficult circumstances, and spend much of their time getting drunk and picking fights with the Greasers. Ponyboys conversation with Randy, however, shows us that like the Greasers, the Socs struggle with emotions such as pain. In conclusion, Ponyboys conversation with Randy shows us that like the Greasers, the Socs face difficult circumstances and emotions in their lives.

18 Can you tell the difference? Identify the following sentences as either concrete detail (CD) or commentary (CM) 1.One of the pigs used straw to build his house. 2.The wolf cares about nothing, except his appetite. 3.The first two pigs were not very thoughtful when choosing materials to build their house. 4.The wolf had no problem blowing down the straw house.

19 Your turn! Using this information, and the prompts you responded to yesterday, revise your paragraphs.

20 Be sure your paragraph includes: TS, 1 Chunk, and CS. (Dont forget to use transitions!) Depending on which prompt you responded to yesterday, you can use one of the following topic sentences (TS): In chapter seven of The Outsiders, Ponyboys conversation with Randy shows a different side of the Socs. OR In chapter 6 of The Outsiders, the interaction between Ponyboy and Darry shows a softer side of Darry.


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