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Jane Schaffer Writing Strategy

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Presentation on theme: "Jane Schaffer Writing Strategy"— Presentation transcript:

1 Jane Schaffer Writing Strategy
How to Write an Effective Paragraph

2 Response-to-Literature Writing=
The Prompt Before writing anything, know your assignment— READ THE PROMPT! What are you being asked to do? Response-to-Literature Writing= writing that discusses what is of value in a work of literature. Literary Response requires a careful, critical look at the reading.

3 Get Ready to Color Your World!
How to Write an Effective Paragraph Materials: When we write, we will use blue, red, and black pens. BLUE is for Topic Sentences (TS) and Concluding Sentences (CS). RED is for Concrete Details (CD). BLACK is for Commentary Sentences (CM).

4 Step 1: TOPIC SENTENCE A Topic Sentence (TS) is the top bun of a hamburger. TS = first sentence of a body paragraph. It shows the main idea. Usually a mildly controversial statement--something that you have to prove.

5 Example Topic Sentence (TS)
In chapter seven of The Outsiders, Ponyboy’s conversation with Randy shows a different side of the Socs.

6 Step 2: CONCRETE DETAILS
Concrete Details (CD) are the meat of the hamburger. CDs = Support for your TS. (facts, quotes, examples, etc. from text) CDs can’t be argued with—a CD is evidence that supports your point!

7 Example Concrete Detail (CD)
2) For example, up to this point, the majority of the Socs have been characterized as wealthy, well-to-do kids who do not face the economic hardships faced by the Greasers.

8 Step 3: COMMENTARY Commentary Sentences (CM) are the “extras” on the hamburger—the tomato, cheese, lettuce, mayo—they make it delicious! CMs = your analysis, interpretation, explanation, or insight into the text.

9 Example Commentary Sentences (2 CMs)
3) Until now, the Socs do not seem to face difficult circumstances, and spend much of their time getting drunk and picking fights with the Greasers. 4) Ponyboy’s conversation with Randy, however, shows us that like the Greasers, the Socs struggle with emotions such as pain.

10 Step 4: CONCLUDING SENTENCE
A concluding sentence (CS) is the bottom bun of the hamburger. A CS wraps up the paragraph. It rephrases the main idea.

11 Example Concluding Sentence (CS)
In conclusion, Ponyboy’s conversation with Randy shows us that like the Greasers, the Socs face difficult circumstances and emotions in their lives.

12 TS, CD, CM, CS—Now What? CHUNKING
A combination of CDs and CMs is called a chunk. For a literary response, we will use a combination (or “ratio”) of 1:2. That is, for every 1 CD, you will have 2 CMs.

13 One Chunk: 1 CD + 2 CM Ratio = 1:2
1) For example, up to this point, the majority of the Socs have been characterized as wealthy, well-to-do kids who do not face the economic hardships faced by the Greasers. 1) Until now, the Socs do not seem to face difficult circumstances, and spend much of their time getting drunk and picking fights with the Greasers. 2) Ponyboy’s conversation with Randy, however, shows us that like the Greasers, the Socs struggle with emotions such as pain. Ratio = 1:2

14 Transitions A good paragraph will also use transition words. These are words or phrases that help readers connect your ideas. Example transitions: In summary, For example, Thus, Hence, For instance, Because of this, Therefore, Consequently, As a result,

15 Now you know how to write a one- chunk paragraph…
Does It Flow? Now you know how to write a one- chunk paragraph… LET’S EAT!

16 Step 6: A Whole Paragraph
In chapter seven of The Outsiders, Ponyboy’s conversation with Randy shows a different side of the Socs. For example, up to this point, the majority of the Socs have been characterized as wealthy, well-to-do kids who do not face the economic hardships faced by the Greasers. Until now, the Socs do not seem to face difficult circumstances, and spend much of their time getting drunk and picking fights with the Greasers. Ponyboy’s conversation with Randy, however, shows us that like the Greasers, the Socs struggle with emotions such as pain. In conclusion, Ponyboy’s conversation with Randy shows us that like the Greasers, the Socs face difficult circumstances and emotions in their lives.

17 Can you tell the difference
Can you tell the difference? Identify the following sentences as either concrete detail (CD) or commentary (CM) One of the pigs used straw to build his house. The wolf cares about nothing, except his appetite. The first two pigs were not very thoughtful when choosing materials to build their house. The wolf had no problem blowing down the straw house.

18 Your turn! Using this information, and the prompts you responded to yesterday, revise your paragraphs.

19 Be sure your paragraph includes: TS, 1 Chunk, and CS
Be sure your paragraph includes: TS, 1 Chunk, and CS. (Don’t forget to use transitions!) Depending on which prompt you responded to yesterday, you can use one of the following topic sentences (TS): In chapter seven of The Outsiders, Ponyboy’s conversation with Randy shows a different side of the Socs. OR In chapter 6 of The Outsiders, the interaction between Ponyboy and Darry shows a softer side of Darry.


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