3 This is a map of India. Chembakolli is a village in the south. Life In a VillageChembakolliThis is a map of India. Chembakolli is a village in the south.
4 ChembakolliChembakolli is a small village in the south of India. It is in a hilly forest area of Tamil Nadu State.
5 ChembakolliMost of the villagers are farmers. They grow rice, onions, tomatoes, peppers and oranges. Generally these crops are grown to feed the families in the village rather than to sell.
6 ChembakolliIt is hard work living in Chembakolli! The women have to fetch water, grind rice, cook, clean and work in the fields. Wood has to be collected everyday for the cooking fire. The women and older children often have to look after the younger children and babies at the same time!
7 ChembakolliThe villagers have to fetch their water from a well. It is a long walk, and the water is very heavy to carry! One woman will generally carry 10 litres of water at a time.
28 Near Gangotri(Aug 2005)Save Himalaya Movement (1992-)not only for the protestagainst the dam constructionbut for protecting the environment ofthe Himalayan region
29 WHAT HAPPENSTO THE PEOPLEWHO LIVE INSUCH PLACES?
30 THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN? THEIR HOMES?THEIR LIVELIHOOD?HEALTH CARE?THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN?THEIR SOCIAL LIFE?THEIR SELF RESPECT?
31 Disciples of M. K. Gandhi (1869-1948) Gandhians asDisciples of M. K. Gandhi ( )Vinoba Bhave ( ) Bhoodan MovementJ. P. Narayan ( ) Total RevolutionGandhians in Various Social MovementsRural Reconstruction MovementsAnti-Untouchability MovementsMovements for Communal HarmonyAnti-Liquor MovementsWomen’s MovementsEnvironmental Movements
32 ENVIRONMENTAL Activities by Gandhians in India Today Baba Amte (1914-)At Maharashtra, in central India (Feb 2003)
33 2. Environmental Activities by Gandhians Narayan Desai (1924-)At Gujarat, in western India (Jan 2004)
34 Environmental Activities by Gandhians in India Today S. Jagannathan (1914-)Krishnamal Jagannathan (1926-)At Tamil Nadu, in southern India (Aug 2006)
35 Environmental Activities by Gandhians in India Today Sunderlal BahugunaVimla BahugunaBaba AmteNarayan DesaiS. JagannathanKrishnamal Jagannathan
36 3. Bahuguna and Environmental Movements in the Himalayas Sunderlal Bahuguna (1927-)1940s Indian Freedom Movement1950s Anti Untouchability Movement1960s Anti Liquor MovementBahuguna and students (Feb 2003)Bahuguna in his prayer (Dec 2004)
38 Bahuguna and Environmental Movements Chipko Movement ( )Sketches by Arvind Mohan Negi (from Bharat Dogra’s books)
39 Bahuguna and Environmental Movements Slogans of Chipko MovementBefore 1978“What do the forests bear?Resin, timber and business.”After 1978Soil, water and pure air.”Foot March and MeetingPhotos by Dhoom Singh Negi
40 Bahuguna and Environmental Movements Anti Tehri Dam Movement (1978-)S. Bahuguna became the leader after 1989Demonstration Meetings,Sit-ins,PetitioningLegal Battles,Foot Marches,FastsS. Bahuguna’s Fasts and Movement45 days in 199249 days in 199574 days in 1996