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UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Creating an Honesty Trace Using a Garmin GPS Device By Cpl Matthew Ellis CLB-3 S-2 Analyst 20 May 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Creating an Honesty Trace Using a Garmin GPS Device By Cpl Matthew Ellis CLB-3 S-2 Analyst 20 May 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Creating an Honesty Trace Using a Garmin GPS Device By Cpl Matthew Ellis CLB-3 S-2 Analyst 20 May 2009

2 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO This manual was created for all units of 2nd Marine Expeditionary Brigade. Most mounted patrols in southern Afghanistan occur not on roads, but across deserts, through riverbeds, and around mountains. An Honesty Trace is a map plotted with all the actual (vice planned) routes taken by previous patrols. Without them, Marines often kid themselves that their routes vary sufficiently from patrol to patrol to avoid setting patterns. The truth is that our routes set patterns that the enemy routinely exploits. Honesty Traces are the only way to keep accurate account of where you (and where your sister U.S. and British units) have been. Honesty Traces plainly tell us which wadi crossings we gravitate toward, which stretches of desert we have traversed before, and which contours and chokepoints we and our sister units tend to repeatedly navigate. Hence, the traces keep us honest. They indicate where we should sweep for IEDs, where we might employ snipers, and where we should consider changing our route altogether. In short, Honesty Traces are the single most effective tool you have for route planning. A decade ago these had to be painstakingly plotted by hand on tracing paper. Today, with an off-the-shelf Garmin GPS device, our routes can be automatically recorded and plotted by plugging the device into a USB port and downloading the data onto FalconView, C2PC, GoogleEarth, or some other mapping software. This manual shows patrol leaders the simple steps they can follow to record their actual routes. It also explains how they, or their S-2 shops, can create Honesty Trace maps based on the routes recorded on their Garmin GPS devices. Purpose:

3 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Part I: Familiarizing Yourself With the Garmin and Recording Your Actual Route.

4 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Familiarization with the Garmin FRONTBACK USB CORD Note: Youll need a Garmin that is compatible with a USB port.

5 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Garmin Buttons NAVIGATIONAL STICK LEFT SIDERIGHT SIDE FRONTRIGHTLEFT MENU BUTTON ZOOM OUT ON/OFF AND BRIGHTNESS ADJUSTER BACK/STOP BUTTON SCREEN

6 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Back of Garmin BATTERIES (AA) TURN LEFT AND PULL TO ACCESS BATTERIES USB PORT COVER USB PORT

7 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO THIS END GOES INTO THE BACK OF THE GARMIN USB Cord THIS END GOES INTO A USB PORT ON YOUR COMPUTER

8 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Powering Up the GARMIN RIGHT ON/OFF AND BRIGHTNESS ADJUSTER BACK/STOP BUTTON 1)Hold the On button located on the right side (the one with the light bulb icon) for 1.5 seconds.

9 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Powering Up the GARMIN A screen showing cardinal directions will appear; Acquiring Satellites will also show at the top the screen.

10 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 1)Depending on your location it can take seconds to acquire enough satellites to triangulate your position. 1)If you are in a location that is closed or has cover you will not be able to acquire satellites. 2)Poor Satellite Reception will appear. 3)If this occurs move to a new location and click on the navigational stick, then click on the fourth selection Continue Acquiring. 4)Continue this process until the screen shows a blank map with a North-seeking arrow in the upper left hand corner. This indicates that you have acquired a link with the satellites. SETTING YOUR GARMIN TO TRACK YOUR ROUTE

11 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 2) After turning on your Garmin, press the menu button twice (located on the left side of the Garmin). SETTING YOUR GARMIN TO TRACK YOUR ROUTE

12 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 3) A Main Menu screen will appear. 1)The battery life indicator will be in the upper right hand corner. SETTING YOUR GARMIN TO TRACK YOUR ROUTE

13 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 4)Navigate to the Tracks icon. 5)Press the navigational stick once. SETTING YOUR GARMIN TO TRACK YOUR ROUTE

14 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 6)A Track Log will appear (it will be on Off). SETTING YOUR GARMIN TO TRACK YOUR ROUTE

15 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 7) Use the navigational stick to select On (On will appear with a yellow highlight when selected). 8)Once On is selected, press once on the navigation stick. SETTING YOUR GARMIN TO TRACK YOUR ROUTE

16 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 9)The black dot will appear in the blank circle to the left of On. 10)Your Garmin is now tracking the route. SETTING YOUR GARMIN TO TRACK YOUR ROUTE

17 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Placing the Garmin In a Turret 1)A good place to put the Garmin is in a vehicle turret. 2)To mitigate dust or to prevent the device from getting wet, you can place the Garmin in a plastic bag. 3)Using duct-tape to fasten the Garmin to the turret works fairly well. The key thing is to ensure the Garmin is atop the vehicle with clear line-of- sight to the satellites. The Garmin will not work well from inside the vehicle.

18 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 1)Once at your destination remove the Garmin from the turret. 2)Navigate to the Tracks icon in the main menu (see slides Setting Your Garmin to Track Your Route). 3)Set the track log to Off. Saving Your Route on the Garmin

19 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 4)Navigate to the Save selection (it will be highlighted in yellow when selected). 5)Click once on the navigational stick. Saving Your Route on the Garmin

20 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 6)A screen asking Do you want to save entire track? will appear. 7)Ensure Yes is highlighted yellow. 8)Click once on the navigation button. Saving Your Route on the Garmin

21 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 9)A saved track screen will appear. 10)Ensure the date is correct. 11)Navigate to the Ok in the lower right hand corner (it will be yellow when selected). 12)Click once on the navigational stick. 13)Your route is now saved. All you have to do now is hand the device to your S2. Saving Your Route on the Garmin

22 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Part II: Downloading a Saved Route to the S-2 Computer and Plotting the Route on FalconView or C2PC.

23 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO First step is to download the Garmin MapSource software to your computer. MapSource allows you to download routes from the handheld GPS and to create GPX files, which may be stored or sent to higher. MapSource also allows you to plot the routes on FalconView and C2PC. MapSource comes with the Garmin. Alternatively, you can get a copy from the RCT S-2 Shops imagery analysts, Sgt Spurling and SSgt Warren (theyre based at SPMAGTF-A headquarters at Kandahar Airfield through May 2009, and then will relocate to FOB Leatherneck). Also, the 1 st CEB S-2 Officer at FOB Leatherneck, 2ndLt Bryan Warner, has copies. Their contact information:

24 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Connecting the Device to Your Computer 1)Connect the small end of the USB cord to the back of the Garmin. 2)Connect the large end of the USB cord to a USB port on your computer. 3)Turn on the Garmin once both sides are connected. 4)The Install Wizard will appear on your computer screen.

25 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 1)If this is the first time connecting the device to the computer, Found New Hardware Wizard will appear. 2)Ensure the Install the Software Automatically (Recommended) circle has a black dot in it. 3)Click Next. Installing The Garmin Hardware On Your Computer

26 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Installing The Garmin Hardware On Your Computer This will begin the install (this can take up to 60 seconds).

27 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Installing The Garmin Hardware On Your Computer 4)When complete, Completing the Found New Hardware Wizard will appear. 5)Click on Finish. 6)The Garmin is installed.

28 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 1)Once the device is installed, open MapSource program. 2)MapSource will appear. 3)Click on Transfer in the upper left corner. 4)A drop down menu will appear. 5)Click on Receive from device. Transferring Routes From Garmin To MapSource

29 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 6)A Receive from device menu will appear. 7)If your Garmin does not appear in the Device: drop down menu, follow the directions given. 8)Ensure the Tracks selection is checked. 9)Click on Receive. Transferring Routes From Garmin To MapSource

30 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 10)A Receiving from eTrex VistaCx software version 2.50 will appear. 11)After a few seconds a Transfer complete will appear. 12)Click Ok. Transferring Routes From Garmin To MapSource

31 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 13)The transfer is complete and the boxes will disappear. 14)All of the routes saved on the Garmin will appear on the map and in the left hand side. Transferring Routes From Garmin To MapSource

32 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO At this point, you have the option of saving your recorded routes as GPX files. We recommend you do so: GPX files can be easily ed to other people. In fact, you should turn all your recorded routes into GPX files and them to the RCT S-2 shop, which will store them along with those of adjacent units and create Honesty Trace maps for you. The following three slides show you how to convert your recorded routes into GPX files using MapSource.

33 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Saving route file as a GPX 1)Click on the file you wish to save as a GPX. 2)Once the track is selected, click on File in the top right corner. 3)Click on Save As.

34 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Saving route file as a GPX 4)A Save As window will appear. 5)Select the drop down menu Save as type.

35 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Saving Route File as a GPX 6)Select GPS eXchange Format (*gpx). 7)Save the file as Location DDMMMYY. 8)The saved GPX files can now be ed to the RCT S-2 shop, which will make Honesty Trace maps from them.

36 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Next, you will need to copy your saved routes to Excel. The Excel files are what FalconView and C2PC will use to plot the routes. The following slides show how to complete this task.

37 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Copying Routes to Excel Spreadsheets 1)Double click on the file and the track you wish to convert and the track properties will appear. 2)Once the Track Properties window appears, select one of the rows and press Ctrl + A to select all rows. 3)Once all have been selected and are blue press Ctrl + C to copy all. 4)Click Cancel.

38 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 5)Double click on the file and the track you wish to convert and the track properties will appear. Copying Routes to Excel Spreadsheets

39 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 6)Once the Track Properties window appears, select one of the rows and press Ctrl + A to select all rows. 7)Once all have been selected and are blue press Ctrl + C to copy all. 8)Click Cancel. Copying Routes to Excel Spreadsheets

40 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 9)Once the files are copied open a new Excel spread sheet. 10)Select the first cell in the first row. 11) Paste previously copied selection into the spreadsheet. Copying Routes to Excel Spreadsheets

41 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 12)Select columns A through i by dragging the mouse across the letters. 13)Right click on one of the selected letters and click Delete in the drop down menu. Copying Routes to Excel Spreadsheets

42 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 14)This will leave only the MGRS coordinates in the first row. 15)Save the document to your designated folder as (location ddmmyy). Copying Routes to Excel Spreadsheets

43 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Excel to FalconView 1)Once the spread sheet has been saved, open the Excel2FV folder on your desktop and open the file inside. 2)Make sure the tab at the top says Import to FV. 3)Ensure the import type is Draw. 4)Click Connect all records.

44 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Excel to FalconView 5)A box will appear, click Yes.

45 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Excel to FalconView 6)Click on Source.

46 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Excel to FalconView 7)Import Source_File will appear. 8)Navigate to the location where you stored the spreadsheet you created from Map Source. 9)Double click on the Excel file you wish to import.

47 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Excel to FalconView 10)Save Location box will appear. 11)Click on Other Directory.

48 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Excel to FalconView 12)A Save DRW File window will appear. 13)Name the file Location DDMMYY. 14)Save the file to a location where you will be able to find it later.

49 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Excel to FalconView 15)Select MGRS in the coordinate format. 16)Go to where it says Column One and click drop down arrow and select MGRS. 17)Click inside the coordinate format box so all the letters turn black. 18)Click Create. 19)The spread sheet will appear. 20)Click on Excel2FV.Doc in the bottom tool bar.

50 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Excel to FalconView 21)Import Summary box will appear. 22)If you wish to view in FalconView select Yes if not, select No. 23)Once the route is created it will be saved in the same folder as the spreadsheet you created earlier.

51 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Converting to C2PC 1)Open EXCEL2FV. 2)Click on the tab at the top that says export from fv. 3)Select Drawing in the source file type portion. 4)Select C2PC MGC in the export file type portion. 5)Click on Source.

52 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Converting to C2PC 6)Navigate to the FV draw file you wish to convert. 7)Double click the route you wish to convert. 8)The file will maintain the same name as the FV file. 9)Click Convert File!

53 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO Opening in C2PC 1)Open C2PC. 2)Select the overlay tab. 3)Right click on the folder that says imported. 4)Click on import in the drop down menu that appears. 5)Navigate to the location where the C2PC mgc file you created is. 6)Double click on the file.

54 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 7)The file will be imported into the imported folder in C2PC. 8)Click on the plus symbol to the left of the file you imported. 9)Double click on the Polyline. 10)A Polyline input data window will appear. 11)Click on the tab that says Polyline. 12)Uncheck the auto close box. Opening in C2PC

55 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO 13)Select the tab Properties. 14)Here you can adjust the color and thickness of the route to be displayed. 15)The following slide will show you an example of what Honesty Traces look like when theyre plotted on a map. Opening in C2PC

56 UNCLASSIFIED//FOUO

57 This presentation was prepared for all units of 2nd MEB, and any other ISAF units, by the S-2 shop (1stLt Matt Pottinger and Corporal Matthew Ellis) of Combat Logistics Battalion 3, United States Marine Corps. Lt Pottinger is in Afghanistan until spring of 2010 and can be contacted at the following addresses: 1stLt Matt Pottinger


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