Presentation on theme: "Agenda Friday, February 20th Do-Now Homework"— Presentation transcript:
1Agenda Friday, February 20th Do-Now Homework 1. Go over Cinderella Man worksheets together2. Reading and questions on Bonus ArmyAgendaDo-NowReading and questions on the Bonus armyNotes: Hoover’s Role, Introduction to the New DealHomeworkReadings and questions on Hoover & FDR Biographies- read AND annotate, highlight, underline, etc.
2Hoover & the Great Depression “The key to recovery is confidence”Blamed world economyBelieved it was beyond his controlEncouraged confidence, patienceVoluntary controls by businessesDidn’t workSimply couldn’t maintain wagesDidn’t believe in Hoover’s plan
3Hoover & the Great Depression Pressure to do SOMETHINGAgriculture marketing act (1929)Provided relief for farmers by forming the Federal Farm board, which was designed to stabilize crop pricesUltimately failedTURNIGN POINT: Congressional majority shiftsPublic works to create jobsIncreased gov’t spendingi.e. Hoover DamHawley-Smoot TariffHighest import tax in historyBackfired, European economy tanked
5Hoover & the Great Depression Pressure to do SOMETHINGReconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)Gave gov’t credit to certain industries and banksSimilar to today’s “bail-out”“trickle down” theory, helped those at the topHome Loan Bank ActDiscounted mortgage ratesDesigned to help people keep their homesHoover supported these programs
6Hoover’s views Insisted state & local governments should handle relief Believed federal intervention destroyed people’s self-respectBonus Army debacleH.O.R. agrees to early payment, Senate does notSpelled disaster in the election
8Agenda Monday, February 23rd Do-Now Homework 1. Introduction to reading comprehension worksheets. Use one WS to read & analyze the opposite biography.2. Contribute to the biography Venn diagram on the board.AgendaDo-NowVenn DiagramFDR’s inaugurationIntroduction to the New DealHomeworkReading and worksheet on Chapter 23 Section 1
9Venn Diagrams Read the Hoover and Roosevelt Biographies As you read, keep an eye out for:Background information that shapes their political careersAchievementsDefining moments of their administrationEtc.
10DO-NOW FDR’s Inauguration Speech March 1933 As you listen to the speech, underline parts which stand out.Prepare reactions, comments, analysis, etc.
19The first hundred days Some of the goals for part 1 of the new deal: Banks regulatedJobs created through public works programs funded by governmentE.g. Civilian Conservation Corps“Brain Trust” key advisors who helped FDR draft policiesRelied on his wifeFDR appointed first women to a Cabinet post & many African Americans to policy-making positions
20Second New Deal Included: Period after first 100 days where the economy was still faltering & FDR expanded government programsIncluded:more social welfare benefitssupport for laborstricter controls over business1935 established Social Security System to provide financial security for retirees, unemployed, and disabled.
21Extra CreditBy Monday, find an example of a New Deal agency which still exists today.Provide a photo and brief report on the example.How did it come about?What purpose does it serve today?E.g. Bass River State Park
23Below: A group photo of CCC boys from Bass River State Forest. Right: CCC boys wait in line for dinner at a camp in New Jersey.(photos taken by John Nisky, a CCC enrollee - circa 1937)
24Among the projects conducted by the CCC in New Jersey’s state parks and forests, was Lake Absegami in Bass River State Forest as well as the shelters still used by campers today.(photos courtesy of the State Park Service)
25Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) 75th Anniversary The CCCorps was created during President Franklin D. Roosevelt's "The Hundred Days,“ at the beginning of his first term, a time of massive legislative efforts to deal with the paralyzing effects of the Great Depression. The CCC put needy young men to work and sent a large portion of their pay back to their families. The fact that only 37 days elapsed between FDR's swearing in and the induction of the first CCC enrollee on April 7, 1933 reflects the importance of this program. By the time the program ended in 1942, due to World War II, over three million unemployed young men had been enrolled, planting over three billion trees and completing many other conservation projects including building much of the infrastructure at Bass River State Forest.The CCC camp at Bass River State Forest, Camp S-55, lasted from 1933 to 1942, throughout the entire life of CCC. The CCC members performed wide range of conservation work, from building park roads, trails, bridle paths, bridges for vehicles, ponds for fish and waterfowl, lookout towers, nature observatory shelters, picnic areas, cabins, fireplaces, campgrounds, recreational lakes, to landscaping. The most noteworthy feat was the creation of the 67-acre Lake Absegami, by damming two streams flowing through the forest. The foundations of Camp S-55 and the CCC Memorial are part of a self-guided trail. Brochures are available at the Forest Office and at the beginning of the trail near the parking lot on East Greenbush Road. Stop in at the Forest Office to see artifacts from our Camp as well as a list of members from our Camp.Check to see if your family member or relative was a CCC Camp s-55 member at Bass River between 1933 and 1942.
27New Deal Agencies Civilian Conservation Corps Provided jobs to young men to work on environmental conservation projects.Works Progress AdministrationGave the unemployed work in building construction and arts projects.Public Works AdministrationSponsored huge public works projects such as damsNational Recovery AdministrationWorked with industries to ensure fair business and labor practicesNational Labor Relations BoardEnforced rights of workers and unions.Federal Deposit and Insurance CorporationInsured people’s bank deposits up to $5,000.
28FERA - Federal Emergency Relief Act (1933) Provided funds to state releif agenciesCWA - Civil Works Administration (1933)Provided federal jobs in building and improving roads and public facilitiesSponsored huge public works projects such as damsNational Recovery AdministrationWorked with industries to ensure fair business and labor practicesNational Labor Relations BoardEnforced rights of workers and unions.Federal Deposit and Insurance CorporationInsured people’s bank deposits up to $5,000.
29Critics of the New Deal Women and African Americans Progressives and SocialistsRepublicans and other Political OpponentsNew Deal programs offer more opportunities to white men than to women and minorities.Women and African Americans are paid less for the same work.New Deal programs are not doing enough to solve the nation’s problems.More should be done to distribute the nation’s wealth among all Americans.Government is taking on too much responsibility and becoming too powerful.FDR is like a dictator.New Deal taxes on the wealthy are unfair.New Deal programs are too much like socialism.
30The Last Days of the New Deal New Deal led to improvement, but in 1937 the economy collapsed into recession.Due to cuts in New Deal spendingPeople had less $ to spendSome expensive work programs were cut back to slow national debt.FDR did expand some programs after 1937 & economy began to improve.New Deal protections helped labor unions growMany strikes (sit-down) erupted in violence.Provided jobs for unemployed artists
31Cultural Life During Depression LiteratureRadioMoviesJohn Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath tells story of victims of the Dust BowlZora Neale Hurston’s Their Eyes Were Watching God describes the life of an African American woman in FloridaRadio becomes a major source of entertainment for American familiesComedy shows & soap operas are especially popularAt 25 cents for a double feature, movies offer affordable entertainment.Films such as The Wizard of Oz, Marx Brothers movies, and Disney cartoons help Americans escape hard times.