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Introduction to Cultural Geography Also known as Human Geography ©2012, TESCCC
Physical v. Cultural Geography Physical GeographyCultural Geography Rocks/MineralsPopulation/Settlements/Urbanization LandformsEconomic and Political Systems Animal and Plant LifeTransportation SoilsHuman Migration Atmosphere/Climate/WeatherSocial Systems EnvironmentRecreation Rivers/Oceans/Other bodies of WaterReligion/Belief System Cultural Geography is the study of the Earths human landscape. ©2012, TESCCC
Definition: Shared patterns of learned behavior that are passed on from generation to generation. Components: Beliefs, Values, Customs Languages, Ethnicity, Religion Institutions (Economic, Political, Educational) Art, Music, and Technology CULTURE ©2012, TESCCC
A field that studies spatial aspects of human cultures. Major components focus on: Cultural Landscapes Culture Hearths Cultural Diffusion Culture Regions CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY ©2012, TESCCC
Cultural Landscape The composite of human imprints on the earths surface. Carl Sauers definition: the forms superimposed on the physical landscape by the activities of man from Recent Developments in Cultural Geography, 1927 ©2012, TESCCC
Culture Hearth The source areas from which radiated ideas, innovations, and ideologies that change the world beyond. What are some examples? ©2012, TESCCC
Cultural Diffusion The spreading of a culture element (ex: technological innovation) Can you think of any examples of cultural diffusion, past or present? Culture Region Distinct, culturally discrete spatial unit; a region where certain cultural norms prevail. ©2012, TESCCC
Ethnicity What is ethnicity? Common racial, national, tribal, religious, linguistic, or cultural origin or background An Example of Ethnic and Religious Conflict: The Balkans: Ethnic war between the Croatian Catholics, the Bosnian Muslims, and the Serbian Orthodox. ©2012, TESCCC
Conclusion Think about your own culture: your belief system, institutions that you are part of, technology you use everyday. Cultures change over time, but the historical aspects are very important for understanding todays cultures. Culture must be examined from different perspectives. Know the terms cultural landscape, cultural hearth, cultural diffusion, and culture region- these terms describe the ways in which cultural geographers view the world. ©2012, TESCCC
Review Components of Culture Language Religious Beliefs Economic Activities Political Systems Art and Music Education Systems Technology Customs and Traditions Ethnicity Culture ©2012, TESCCC
Political, Economic & Social Factors affect Cultures Political: a system of government (dictatorship, communist, etc. may forbid religious practices, prohibit language spoken by indigenous people, forbid type of clothing, impose a specific religion, etc.) Economic: (the diffusion of economic practices might go against a peoples value system, or customs and traditions. Social Factors: (a regions value system might contradict a religions ideals, a regions education system may prohibit cultural practices. ©2012, TESCCC
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