Presentation on theme: "Verstovsek S et al. Proc ASCO 2011;Abstract 6500."— Presentation transcript:
1Verstovsek S et al. Proc ASCO 2011;Abstract 6500. Results of COMFORT-I, a Randomized Double-Blind, Phase III Trial of JAK1/JAK2 Inhibitor Ruxolitinib (INCB18424) vs Placebo for Patients with MyelofibrosisVerstovsek S et al.Proc ASCO 2011;Abstract 6500.
2IntroductionMyelofibrosis (MF) is characterized by splenomegaly, debilatating symptoms, cytopenias and shortened survival.MF manifests as primary myelofibrosis (PMF), post-essential thrombocythemia MF (PET-MF) or post-polycythemia vera MF (PPV-MF).Treatment of MF with conventional drugs provides only palliative benefits (Curr Opin Hematol 2006;13:87).The JAK2 V617F mutation is found in about 50% of patients with MF and is associated with certain clinical signs such as splenomegaly (Blood 2007;110:4030).Selective JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor ruxolitinib (INCB018424) has been shown to be effective in preclinical models of myeloproliferative neoplasms (Blood 2010;115:3109).Verstovsek S et al. Proc ASCO 2011;Abstract 6500.
4COMFORT-I: A Phase III Trial of the JAK1/JAK2 Inhibitor Ruxolitinib EligibilityPMF or PPV-MF or PET-MFIntermediate-2 or high risk by IWG-MRT criteriaPalpable spleen ≥5 cmPlatelet count ≥100 x 109/LJAK2 V617F positive or negativeRuxolitinib15 or 20 mg BIDRPlacebo** Crossover to ruxolitinib arm allowedRuxolitinib dose dependent upon starting platelet count:15 mg BID if platelet count x 109/L20 mg BID if platelet count >200 x 109/LSpleen volume measured by MRI every 12 weeksVerstovsek S et al. Proc ASCO 2011;Abstract 6500.
5Primary Endpoint: Patients with ≥35% Decrease in Spleen Volume (Week 24) Odds ratio 134.4; 95% CI ( ,005)41.9Responders (%)0.7Ruxolitinib (n = 155)Placebo (n = 153)Patients discontinuing prior to week 24 or who crossed over prior to week 24 were considered nonresponders.With permission from Verstovsek S et al. Proc ASCO 2011;Abstract 6500.
6Mean Percent Change from Baseline in Spleen Size Over Time Spleen Volume (MRI or CT)Palpable Spleen LengthMean % Change ± SEMRuxolitinibPlaceboWith permission from Verstovsek S et al. Proc ASCO 2011;Abstract 6500.
7Percent of Patients with ≥50% Symptom Score Decrease (Week 24) — ITT OR 15.28; 95% CI ( )45.9% of Patients5.3Ruxolitinib (n = 148)Placebo (n = 152)Symptom score = sum of scores for itching, night sweats, bone/muscle pain, abdominal discomfort, pain under the left ribs, and early satietyWith permission from Verstovsek S et al. Proc ASCO 2011;Abstract 6500.
8Probability of Survival Overall SurvivalRuxolitinib Placebo10 (6.5) (9.1)Number (%) of EventsProbability of SurvivalHazard Ratio = 0.67 LogRank P value =WeeksWith permission from Verstovsek S et al. Proc ASCO 2011;Abstract 6500.
9Hematology Laboratory Values (Worst Grade on Study*) Ruxolitinib, n = 155Placebo, n = 151Grade 3 %Grade 4 %Hemoglobin34.211.015.93.3Platelets9.03.91.3Neutrophils188.8.131.52* Patients are included at their worst on-study grade regardless of whether this represents a change from their baseline.Grade 3/4 anemia and thrombocytopenia were more common in those with higher baseline grade.Discontinuation of treatment because of anemia and thrombocytopenia was rare (1 patient in each treatment group for each event).Verstovsek S et al. Proc ASCO 2011;Abstract 6500.
10ConclusionsRuxolitinib demonstrated marked and sustained clinical benefits in spleen size.Symptomatic burden was reduced in patients treated with ruxolitinib.Thrombocytopenia and anemia were among the most common adverse events associated with ruxolitinib, though they rarely led to treatment discontinuation.The results of this study, combined with those of the COMFORT-II trial (Proc ASCO 2011;Abstract LBA6501), demonstrate that ruxolitinib may become a treatment option for patients with MF.Verstovsek S et al. Proc ASCO 2011;Abstract 6500.