Characterization Pre-Reading What makes a character memorable? List some favorite characters. What qualities made them memorable?
Character: a person, animal or imaginary creature that appears in a literary work Protagonist: the main character Antagonist: the characters that opposes the main character
Character… Minor Character: moves the action along by interacting with the main character and providing background information
Who is telling the story? Narrator -the person who tells the story (may or may NOT be a character in the story) Point-of-View -the vantage point from which a story is told
Methods of Characterization (How the author helps you to get to know the characters!)
Statement by the Author What the author wants you to think about the character Tells the reader directly what the character is like
Characters Appearance Describing what the character looks like
Characters Actions What the character does throughout the story Shows his/her personality
Reactions of and to the Character How other characters react to the character being analyzed How the character reacts to situations or characters
Characters Thoughts What goes through the characters mind throughout the story (thoughts, ideas & feelings)
Conversations Things that the character says (that reveal his/her personality) Things that others say about the character
Reactions to the Setting The characters reaction, feelings or thoughts about his/her surroundings
Characterization Direct Characterization -telling the reader about what the character is feeling (brave, honest, etc.) Indirect Characterization -showing the characters thoughts and ideas and letting you (the reader) decide what kind of person he/she is
Soul of Caliban Pre-Reading Do animals have souls? Discuss examples to support your answer.
Soul of Caliban Reader Response Write a letter to Leon (Calibans owner) with your reaction to the final events of the story. Explain your thoughts and feelings regarding what happened.
BQ Discussion Think about a time when you wanted to do what you knew was right, but your friends did not see it your way. Did you go with your gut instinct, or did you give in to peer pressure?
BQ Discussion How can you stay true to yourself in a difficult situation? It is often hard to make the right choices when the thing you want to do conflicts with your beliefs and values. When your friends say one thing and your heart or conscience says another, what is the right thing to do? Only by being true to yourself can you answer that question. The selections in this unit present characters and real people who have to stay true to themselves in order to make it through challenging situations. This happens all the time in real life. To make healthy decisions, people must believe in themselves and act on their values.
BQ: Discussion Did Caliban stay true to himself?
Plot: the series of events showing how a conflict or a problem is resolved (5 parts) Exposition Rising Action Climax Falling Action Resolution
Exposition Introduces the storys setting and characters and sets up the conflict or problem
Rising Action Develops the storys conflict and builds suspense
Climax The point of greatest emotion and interest
Falling Action Shows what happens to the character after the climax
Resolution Reveals the final outcome of the conflict (The End!)
Setting The time and place in which story events occur Can impact/influence events of story Example- In The Soul of Caliban the weather elements (i.e. blizzard) and location of the sheep farm (far from neighbors) impacted the actions and outcomes of events in the story.
Theme: The main message of the story, the lesson or moral (What was the theme of The Soul of Caliban?)
Raymonds Run Pre-reading Pick 1 or 2: How does it feel to win something? What do you think it takes to be a winner? OR Write about an incident in your life in which a 1st impression turned out to be wrong or someone you thought you knew well did something to surprise you. OR What are your hidden qualities and talents? List some things that youre good at or enjoy doing. Describe one that I or your classmates would not know about.
Raymonds Run Reader Response Would you have called this story, Raymonds Run? Defend the authors choice or invent a new title and explain why you think its better.
Selection Quick Check: Raymonds Run 1. What two nicknames does the narrator go by? 2. The narrator says nobody can beat her in a race, yet she tells the reader that one person can. Who can beat her in a race that she doesnt want people to know about? 3. How can the reader tell that Squeaky is serious about running? 4. How does Squeaky feel about the May Day celebration? 5. What do Squeakys thoughts about Raymonds run say about her personality?
Conflict- a problem or struggle that characters faces 2 Main Types of Conflict External Internal
External Conflict - a character struggles with an outside force (4 types) Person vs. Person Person vs. Nature Person vs. Society/Group Group vs. Group
Person vs. Person One person is in conflict with another person Example: Squeaky vs. Gretchen
Person vs. Nature Person is in conflict with a force of nature Raymonds big head (disability) a tornado or hurricane (something you have no control over)
Person vs. Society/Group One person is in conflict with two or more people, a group or society Squeaky vs. Gretchen, Rosie and Mary Louise
Group vs. Group Entire group is in conflict with another group or culture Raymond & Squeaky vs. Gretchen & friends Socs vs. Greasers Two countries at war
Internal (within) Conflict Takes place within a characters mind Person vs. Self: a person struggles to overcome some internal problem, such as fear or shyness Squeaky learns to appreciate and respect her opponents and not be so defensive. Caliban must overcome his jealousy of the Leons baby.
A little more about character… Dynamic Character- usually has many sides to his or her personality The character grows and changes as the story progresses (Squeaky, Caliban) Static Character- Usually has one main characteristic He or she stays the same throughout the story (Raymond, Leon Suprenon)
Abuela Invents the Zero Pre-reading Quickwrite: Think about a relationship you have with an older person, such as a grandparent, another relative or neighbor. What is the best part of your relationship? What are the challenging parts? What do you think of when you hear the word/number zero?
Selection Quick Check: Abuela Invents the Zero 1. How does Constancia feel about Abuela when she arrives in the United States? 2. Why does Abuela refer to New Jersey as the North Pole? 3. What compromise does Constancia make with her father? 4. How does Constancia make Abuela feel like a zero in the church? 5. What lesson does Abuela teach Constancia at the end of the story?
The Medicine Bag Pre-reading Think about a tradition that has been passed down through your family. Is it something you enjoy or does it just seem like something you have to do? Do you think this family tradition is worth keeping? Why or why not?
The Medicine Bag Quickcheck 1.Where does Martins family go every summer? 2.What does Martin tell his friends about his Grandpa? 3.What happens immediately after Grandpa arrives? 4.Why does Grandpa say he came to visit? 5.What is in the medicine bag?