4 Characterization Pre-Reading What makes a character memorable?List some favorite characters.What qualities made them memorable?
5 Antagonist: the characters that opposes the main character Character: a person, animal or imaginary creature that appears in a literary workProtagonist:the main characterAntagonist: the characters that opposes the main character
6 Character… Minor Character: moves the action along by interacting with the main character and providing background information
7 Who is telling the story? Narrator-the person who tells the story (may or may NOT be a character in the story)Point-of-View-the vantage point from which a story is told
8 Methods of Characterization (How the author helps you to get to know the characters!)
9 Statement by the Author What the author wants you to think about the characterTells the reader directly what the character is like
10 Character’s Appearance Describing what the character looks like
11 Character’s Actions What the character does throughout the story Shows his/her personality
12 Reactions of and to the Character How other characters react to the character being analyzedHow the character reacts to situations or characters
13 Character’s ThoughtsWhat goes through the character’s mind throughout the story (thoughts, ideas & feelings)
14 ConversationsThings that the character says (that reveal his/her personality)Things that others say about the character
15 Reactions to the Setting The character’s reaction, feelings or thoughts about his/her surroundings
16 Characterization Direct Characterization -telling the reader about what the character is feeling (brave, honest, etc.)Indirect Characterization-showing the character’s thoughts and ideas and letting you (the reader) decide what kind of person he/she is
17 “Soul of Caliban” Pre-Reading Do animals have souls? Discuss examples to support your answer.
18 “Soul of Caliban” Reader Response Write a letter to Leon (Caliban’s owner) with your reaction to the final events of the story. Explain your thoughts and feelings regarding what happened.
19 BQ DiscussionThink about a time when you wanted to do what you knew was right, but your friends did not see it your way. Did you go with your gut instinct, or did you give in to peer pressure?
20 BQ DiscussionHow can you stay true to yourself in a difficult situation? It is often hard to make the right choices when the thing you want to do conflicts with your beliefs and values. When your friends say one thing and your heart or conscience says another, what is the right thing to do? Only by being true to yourself can you answer that question.The selections in this unit present characters and real people who have to stay true to themselves in order to make it through challenging situations. This happens all the time in real life. To make healthy decisions, people must believe in themselves and act on their values.
21 BQ: DiscussionDid Caliban“stay true to himself”?
23 Plot: the series of events showing how a conflict or a problem is resolved (5 parts) ExpositionRising ActionClimaxFalling ActionResolution
24 ExpositionIntroduces the story’s setting and characters and sets up the conflict or problem
25 Rising ActionDevelops the story’s conflict and builds suspense
26 ClimaxThe point of greatest emotion and interest
27 Falling ActionShows what happens to the character after the climax
28 ResolutionReveals the final outcome of the conflict (“The End!”)
29 Setting The time and place in which story events occur Can impact/influence events of storyExample- In “The Soul of Caliban” the weather elements (i.e. blizzard) and location of the sheep farm (far from neighbors) impacted the actions and outcomes of events in the story.
30 Theme: The main message of the story, the lesson or moral (What was the theme of “The Soul of Caliban”?)
31 “Raymond’s Run” Pre-reading Pick 1 or 2: How does it feel to win something? What do you think it takes to be a winner?ORWrite about an incident in your life in which a 1st impression turned out to be wrong or someone you thought you knew well did something to surprise you.What are your hidden qualities and talents? List some things that you’re good at or enjoy doing. Describe one that I or your classmates would not know about.
32 “Raymond’s Run” Reader Response Would you have called this story, “Raymond’s Run”? Defend the author’s choice or invent a new title and explain why you think it’s better.
33 Selection Quick Check: Raymond’s Run 1. What two nicknames does the narrator go by?2. The narrator says nobody can beat her in a race, yet she tells the reader that one person can. Who can beat her in a race that she doesn’t want people to know about?3. How can the reader tell that Squeaky is serious about running?4. How does Squeaky feel about the May Day celebration?5. What do Squeaky’s thoughts about Raymond’s run say about her personality?
34 Conflict- a problem or struggle that characters faces 2 Main Types of ConflictExternalInternal
35 Person vs. Society/Group External Conflict -a character struggles with an outside force (4 types)Person vs. PersonPerson vs. NaturePerson vs. Society/GroupGroup vs. Group
36 Person vs. Person One person is in conflict with another person Example: Squeaky vs. Gretchen
37 Person vs. Nature Person is in conflict with a force of nature Raymond’s “big head” (disability)a tornado or hurricane (something you have no control over)
38 Person vs. Society/Group One person is in conflict with two or more people, a group or societySqueaky vs. Gretchen, Rosie and Mary Louise
39 Group vs. GroupEntire group is in conflict with another group or cultureRaymond & Squeaky vs. Gretchen & friendsSocs vs. GreasersTwo countries at war
40 Internal (within) Conflict Takes place within a character’s mindPerson vs. Self: a person struggles to overcome some internal problem, such as fear or shynessSqueaky learns to appreciate and respect her opponents and not be so defensive.Caliban must overcome his jealousy of the Leon’s baby.
41 A little more about character… Dynamic Character-usually has many sides to his or her personalityThe character grows and changes as the story progresses (Squeaky, Caliban)Static Character-Usually has one main characteristicHe or she stays the same throughout the story (Raymond, Leon Suprenon)
42 “Abuela Invents the Zero” Pre-reading Quickwrite: Think about a relationship you have with an older person, such as a grandparent, another relative or neighbor. What is the best part of your relationship? What are the challenging parts?What do you think of when you hear the word/number zero?
43 Selection Quick Check: Abuela Invents the Zero 1. How does Constancia feel about Abuela when she arrives in the United States?2. Why does Abuela refer to New Jersey as “the North Pole”?3. What compromise does Constancia make with her father?4. How does Constancia make Abuela feel “like a zero” in the church?5. What lesson does Abuela teach Constancia at the end of the story?
44 “The Medicine Bag” Pre-reading Think about a tradition that has been passed down through your family. Is it something you enjoy or does it just seem like something you have to do? Do you think this family tradition is worth keeping? Why or why not?
45 “The Medicine Bag” Quickcheck Where does Martin’s family go every summer?What does Martin tell his friends about his Grandpa?What happens immediately after Grandpa arrives?Why does Grandpa say he came to visit?What is in the medicine bag?
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