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© Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 0 Job Evaluation Project:

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Presentation on theme: "© Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 0 Job Evaluation Project:"— Presentation transcript:

1 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 0 Job Evaluation Project: Position Description Questionnaire (PDQ) Information and Training Session Government of Newfoundland and Labrador

2 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 1 Agenda: Provide you with background and context of the new Job Evaluation System. Introduce the training session objectives, your role and job evaluation. Walk-through the Position Description Questionnaire (PDQ). Introductions

3 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 2 Training Session Objectives Explain your role in the project. Ensure you understand what job evaluation is and why the project is happening. Introduce you to the Position Description Questionnaire (PDQ) and walk you through completion of the PDQ. Ensure you know who to contact if you have any questions or problems.

4 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 3 Project Through this project, the Government will define, design and implement a job evaluation and classification system for the unionized employees covering the following groups including: –direct government departments; –education sector (support staff in College of the North Atlantic, Eastern School District, Nova Central District, Western School District, Labrador School District, Conseil scolaire francophone provincial de Terre-Neuve et Labrador); –healthcare sector (Eastern Health, Central Health, Western Health, Labrador-Grenfell Health); and –selected government agencies (Newfoundland Liquor Corporation, Provincial Information and Library Resources Board, Municipal Assessment Agency, Public Utilities Board, Pippy Park Commission). 25,000 employees, allocated to over approximately 900 classifications, will ultimately be covered by this new framework.

5 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 4 Project Background (cont’d) NAPE, CUPE, NLNU and AAHP participated on a joint steering committee, which was advisory to Government. The project has two phases: –Pilot Phase –Main Phase

6 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 5 Project Objectives The overall objective is a modern Job Evaluation System, that is more: –efficient, –transparent, –user-friendly, and –simple to understand. Training sessions for the new system will run from April 22 – June 4, Rating of the Job Class Profiles will be concluded by December 2010.

7 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 6 Roles in the completion of the PDQ: Role of the Employee Role of the Supervisor/Manager Role of the Permanent Head Role of the Human Resource Representative Job Evaluation Project

8 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 7 Introduction to Job Evaluation A means of determining the relative value of jobs within an organization. Focuses on job content (“what is done”) and not individual performance or seniority (“how well it is done”). Job Evaluation

9 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 8 Introduction to Job Evaluation About Government’s new job evaluation framework: –It is a point factor framework –Nine compensable factors have been identified for assessing each job: –A compensable factor is a job element that is valued by the organization and that the organization is willing to pay for –Must cover the four broad criteria of skill, effort, responsibility and working conditions Sample Factors Category SkillEffortResponsibility Working Conditions Knowledge X Interpersonal Skills X Physical Effort X Concentration X Complexity X Accountability / Decision Making X Impact X Development & Leadership of Others X Environmental Working Conditions X

10 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 9 Introduction to Job Evaluation The same way you would compare fruit such as apples to oranges… Each fruit has certain characteristics that allow you to compare one to the other, for example: –Texture (smooth to rough) –Calories (minimal to high) –Vitamin content (minimal to high) –Nutritional value (minimal to high) –Size (small to big) –Water content (minimal to high) How does a Job Analyst measure different jobs using the same tool?

11 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 10 Position Description Questionnaire (PDQ)

12 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training11 Position Description Questionnaire (PDQ) Overview Purpose The PDQ is a tool for collecting meaningful job content information that can be used to evaluate a job against nine compensable factors of the established job evaluation system. The PDQ is designed so that employees can describe their job functions clearly and accurately. The PDQ focuses on requirements of the job, rather than employee performance or qualifications. Instructions The PDQ can be completed either at work or optionally at home. Please work with your Supervisor/Manager in advance to determine the most appropriate time and location for you to complete the PDQ. Employers have approved the time needed for employees to complete the PDQ within work hours. The PDQ is signed-off by employee, Supervisor/Manager and Permanent Head/Designate. The completed PDQ should be sent to the Classification and Compensation Division within 20 working days following PDQ training.

13 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 12 Position Description Questionnaire (PDQ) Overview Complete PDQ and provide to Supervisor /Manager Review PDQ, complete assigned section and sign-off Meet to discuss PDQ Sign-off that PDQ was reviewed with Supervisor /Manager Review PDQ, add comments and sign-off or mail PDQ to C&C (provide employee with copy) Employee Supervisor / Manager Permanent Head / Designate HR Unit Process for completing PDQ Note: For further explanation, refer to pages 3-4 of the PDQ, Process for PDQ Completion. REMINDER: Completed PDQs should be signed and returned to the Classification and Compensation Division 20 days following training. !

14 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 13 Position Description Questionnaire (PDQ) Overview Key Points to remember The PDQ gathers information on job content (what you do) and not performance (how well you do it). No points are awarded (or taken away) for spelling and grammar. Point form is acceptable and easy to read or use full sentences. Respond in the way that best allows you to provide a detailed and concise representation of your job. A helpful method is to read through the PDQ, and over the next few days, consider how you will answer the questions. Assume that you are describing your work to someone who is not familiar with your environment. Use language everyone will understand. Boxes and examples – check boxes help you to think through the various types of answers; we ask you for examples in order to provide more information around why you selected a particular check box. Supervisor comments: the “Supervisor Comments” sections are not intended to be used as a critique, but to clarify and/or fill in any gaps in information provided. It is best for the supervisor to meet with the employee and discuss the issue(s) before providing any comments. Employees and supervisors/managers should not change comments by the other individual. If there is a disagreement after comments are discussed, this should be noted on the PDQ, Section 16. If completing by paper format: Use pen only; no pencil. Do not use white out - if you make a mistake, cross out and initial changes.

15 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 14 Completing the PDQ Captures information regarding the position, the employee to complete the PDQ, the supervisor/manager responsible for review, and the permanent head/designate who will sign-off on the PDQ. Section 1: Position Identification General Description Thoughts and tips on completing this section Provide your basic contact information and that of your direct supervisor/manager and permanent head/designate. Section 2: Overall Purpose of Your Position Summarizes the objective(s) of the position in three or four sentences – why it exists and how it fits within the organization. How would you explain your position to someone you meet in an elevator, at a party, etc. This section is similar to the current job summary section of your current position description. Use your current up-to-date position description to help complete this section. General Description Thoughts and tips on completing this section

16 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 15 Completing the PDQ Describes the various activities that your position is responsible for, to a degree of detail that would allow someone who does not perform the activities to have a general understanding of what you do and how you do it. Section 3: Key and Periodic Activities General Description Thoughts and tips on completing this section This section is the most time consuming and the most important. Any one reading the PDQ will refer back to this section for examples and to clarify other information provided in the PDQ. Please be thoughtful when filling it out. Consider how much time you spend on these activities. We’re looking for an approximation to get a sense of which activities represent the main focus of your job. The timeframe for activities may vary depending on the structure of your position or type of work performed within your position (e.g. daily, weekly, monthly, annually, seasonal). You have space for 10 key activities and 5 periodic activities; generally, we have found that for most jobs, 5-7 key activities should adequately describe the work. Think in terms of larger/broader categories of responsibility. This section is similar to the duties and responsibilities section of your current position description. Use your current position description to help complete this section. In many cases, a critical part of your job may be done periodically – please be sure to note where this is the case. To help estimate time percentages, time conversion guidelines are provided. The approximate percentage of all of your activities adds up to 100%.

17 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 16 Completing the PDQ Captures information regarding the types of knowledge required to perform the activities described and how that knowledge is applied and adapted to complete the activities. Knowledge may be acquired in a number of ways (e.g., training, school, on the job). Section 4: Factor 1, Knowledge General Description Thoughts and tips on completing this section Refer back to the Key and Periodic Activities you’ve just described – what kind of knowledge is required to perform those activities? Think of knowledge as broadly as you can – how do you learn to do the job that you do and what types of things do you need to know about? (e.g. on the job learning, technical tools and systems, processes, the environment, the industry and other stakeholders). Look at what knowledge is required to do your job; not your personal qualifications. It may be beneficial to sit down with your supervisor/manager or HR representative to discuss this section before you start. Consider different types of knowledge such as: Computer-based technology Policies and procedures Regulations and legislation Instructional methods Technical and operational Mathematical Health and safety standards and procedures Administrative Procedures

18 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 17 Completing the PDQ Captures information regarding the individuals and groups that your position interacts with, how frequently those interactions occur and the types of communication and interpersonal skills used in those interactions. Section 5: Factor 2, Interpersonal Skills General Description Thoughts and tips on completing this section Who do you interact with, and how/why? Please provide examples of your position’s regular interactions and the skills that you use when you interact and communicate with other people. Feel free to list any “Other” contacts that you interact with and provide examples. Try to focus on the most critical situations and interactions that are an on-going part of your job. In addition to the check lists, open ended questions are available. Use this space to try to capture anything that may have been missed (e.g. things you do infrequently) or specific situations. Think of situations where you are required to interact or communicate with others. Consider how you might use some of the following communication or interpersonal skills: Effective listening Interviewing skills Presentation skills Collaboration Influencing/ persuading Conflict resolution skills Moderation/facilitation Listening skills Communicating factual, complex and/or technical information (verbally or in writing) Advocacy skills (speaking on behalf of someone else)

19 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 18 Completing the PDQ Explains the degree to which physical effort is required to complete job activities. Section 6: Factor 3, Physical Effort General Description Thoughts and tips on completing this section This includes: - Physical exertion and handling - Manual dexterity (This includes both gross and fine motor skills. Gross skills include abilities required to control the large muscles of the body for walking, running, sitting, crawling and other activities. Fine motor skills include small movements of the hands, wrists, fingers, feet, and toes. ) - Body postures and movements - Body control and reflex requirements while using mechanical and other aids to meet the physical demands of the work. Consider how often effort is required What effect does the effort have (e.g. physical injury) What do you do to manage the effects (e.g. take a break) Types of Effort: Working with mechanical tools Working with medical instruments Walking Lifting Pushing Standing on your feet or sitting at a desk for long periods of time Working in confined spaces

20 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 19 Completing the PDQ Captures information regarding the degree to which visual, auditory and/or concentration effort is required to complete job activities. Section 7: Factor 4, Concentration General Description Thoughts and tips on completing this section When providing examples for types of concentration effort relevant to your position, please indicate: –How frequently this type of effort is required – occasionally, regularly, constantly –The effect that exerting a particular effort has on you – stiff back/neck, headaches, physical or mental fatigue –The steps you take to manage those effects – take regular breaks, stand up and stretch, change focus to another activity Types of Concentration Effort – Things to think about VisualAuditoryConcentration Staring at a computer screen Using multiple monitors Reviewing drawings or graphics (with many details) Frequent and/or prolonged telephone use The requirement to wear and use a headset on a regular basis Skills needed to listen to direct/face-to-face interactions Repetitive tasks and or tasks that require precision (e.g., entering/ verifying data) Completing multiple tasks within tight deadlines Attentiveness required and effects of interruptions

21 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 20 Completing the PDQ This section focuses on the amount and difficulty of analysis, problem solving, creativity and/or reasoning required to perform the job. This section measures the conceptual demands of the position as characterized by: Breadth and depth of job scope Mental challenge Degree of position structure and planning requirements Section 8: Factor 5, Complexity General Description Thoughts and tips on completing this section When thinking of problems and/or challenges, think of those that you resolve and deal with on a regular, ongoing basis. Identify the types of routine and non-routine issues and challenges that the position is required to resolve. Think about, what kind of resources are available to resolve those issues and how many elements, related and unrelated, that must be considered when resolving issues and challenges. Think of the mental effort required to address issues and challenges in terms of the: Do pre-determined processes, procedures, systems and/or routines exist? Extent to which data and relevant information is known, readily available and/or easily accessible Degree of analysis, assessment and/or interpretation required for problem solving and solution definition Level of innovation and/or creativity in problem solving

22 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 21 Completing the PDQ Captures information regarding the types of decisions that the position is responsible for making. This section measures the level of accountability and decision-making associated with your position. Section 9: Factor 6, Accountability and Decision-Making General Description Thoughts and tips on completing this section Please include examples from your regular, ongoing responsibilities, or that relate to the activities that you listed in the Key and Periodic Activities section. Please use examples to illustrate the important impacts of your position. What decisions and actions can you take independently, and for what do you need approval from others? Decision making authority is not always “black and white” – in a team environment, decisions may be a shared responsibility. How do you assist the organization in making decisions? Where does ultimate accountability lie? Do you offer support to the decision making process? Which decisions are you ultimately accountable for versus those that you offer advice and input into? Characteristics to be considered include: Level of work review or supervision received Nature of delegated authorities and prescribed decisions, and processes Extent to which discretion and independence of action are required Overall accountability given the nature of the work

23 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training22 Completing the PDQ Captures information regarding the types of outcomes that result from the decisions and actions that your position is responsible and accountable for and the impact of those decisions and actions. Section 10: Factor 7, Impact General Description Thoughts and tips on completing this section Please include examples from your regular, ongoing responsibilities, or that relate to the activities that you listed in the Key and Periodic Activities or Factor 6: Accountability and Decision-Making section. Please use examples to illustrate the important impacts of your position. Remember to consider the policies and procedures that are in place to provide quality and safety checks and manage potential risks. When providing examples, try to think of consequences that are the result of the informed, thoughtful choices that you make, not the result of negligence, inability and/or inexperience. Where are the results typically felt? If you are part of a process, do your decisions impact other employees, programs and processes? If you have the “final say”, do your decisions have a direct impact on customers or stakeholders? Given the decisions that you make and the accountabilities that you have, consider the impacts on: Technical information The communityFinancial resources Material resources Customers / clients / patients Public safetyEmployer’s public image

24 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 23 Completing the PDQ Captures information regarding the activities and behaviours that your position is responsible for carrying out that contribute to the development and/or leadership of other employees. Section 11: Factor 8, Development & Leadership of Others General Description Thoughts and tips on completing this section Please include examples from your regular, ongoing responsibilities, or that relate to the activities that you listed in the Key and Periodic Activities section. Please use examples to illustrate the important impacts of your position. What do you do to lead, help lead or develop people in your organization? There are many ways that you can provide leadership within your work group, function and/or department (e.g., providing advice and guidance, scheduling the work of others, providing orientation to new colleagues/peers, providing technical mentorship). This section focuses on formal and informal development and leadership responsibilities that are a responsibility of your job. If you supervise people, who do you supervise and what are the activities and responsibilities that you carry out in this regard? Be sure to provide at least one example to illustrate the check boxes that you have selected. Examples are essential to providing a clear picture of how you contribute to leading and developing others.

25 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 24 Completing the PDQ Captures information regarding the working environment in which the activities performed by your position must be completed. Section 12: Factor 9, Environmental Working Conditions General Description Thoughts and tips on completing this section This factor recognizes the physical and psychological environment in which the work must be performed. Consider the environment in which you are required to work (e.g. warehouse, marine vessel, laboratory, outside, office cubicle). How frequently and/or regularly do you encounter these types of conditions? What kind of precautions do you have to take? Are there any inherent health and safety issues, whether frequently, occasionally or infrequently? This factor also considers the requirement for work-related overnight travel (not commuting) and the requirements to be on the road overnight or for days at a time. This factor is intended to measure working conditions that have a potential adverse effect on your position but are still essential to your position. It does not look at conditions that, if they were to be removed, you could still perform all of the activities required. This factor considers the environmental working conditions that are “inherent to your job”, not those conditions that are the “result of the workplace”.

26 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 25 Completing the PDQ This section provides space for you to make any additional comments regarding your position, the questionnaire, and/or the process of collecting job information. Section 13: Your Comments Once the Supervisor/Manager and Employee have completed and reviewed each section, the final page of the PDQ must be signed by both and then provided to the Permanent Head/Designate to review and sign-off. Note: If completed electronically, names should be typed. This signature is to acknowledge each party has completed their section and reviewed the PDQ together. Signature does not mean agreement on content. Section 17: Employee, Supervisor / Manager, and Permanent Head / Designate Signatures This section includes an evaluation of the training and support provided for completion of the PDQ as well as an overall assessment of the PDQ. Please take the time to complete as feedback will be used to make improvements to the questions, training and support provided for the PDQ. This section should take at most 5 minutes to complete. Section 14: Evaluation This section provides space for your Supervisor/Manager to make any additional comments regarding your position. This is the ONLY section to be completed by supervisor/managers. Section 15: Supervisor/Manager Comments This section is used to add any additional comments based on employee and Supervisor/Manager review and discussion of the PDQ. Section 16: Employee, Supervisor/Manager and Permanent Head/Designate Discussion Notes

27 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 26 Questions During the Process As you complete your PDQ, if you have any questions or concerns regarding how to respond to a question or section, or questions on the process of completing and submitting the PDQ, you should reach out to your Supervisor/Manager, your HR Department, or the Classification and Compensation Division. For any other project related questions (i.e. questions not concerning the completion of your PDQ), also contact the Classification and Compensation Division at, Telephone: Toll-free: Contact Information Once all participants have signed in the appropriate sections, the Supervisor/Manager or HR Unit must submit the completed PDQ document to the Classification and Compensation Division by or Classification and Compensation Division, PSS P.O. Box 8700 St. John, NL A1B 4J6 PDQs should be submitted within 20 days of training. !

28 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 27 Questions and Feedback Any questions? Anything you want to review in greater detail? Any additional feedback? THANK YOU For participating in this information and training session

29 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 28 Appendix: List of Acronyms JES – Job Evaluation System PDQ - Position Description Questionnaire C&C - Classification and Compensation Division PSS – Public Service Secretariat NAPE – Newfoundland and Labrador Association of Public and Private Employees AAHP - Association of Allied Health Professionals NLNU - Newfoundland and Labrador Nurses Union CUPE - Canadian Union of Public Employees PCN – Position Control Number

30 © Deloitte & Touche LLP and affiliated entities. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador Job Evaluation System, PDQ Training 29 Appendix: Definitions Job evaluation - a means of determining the relative value of jobs within an organization Position – total work assignment of an individual employee comprised of specific duties/responsibilities Job – the total collection of tasks, duties and responsibilities assigned to one or more individuals whose work is of the same nature and is performed at the same level Job Family – a group of jobs having the same nature of work (e.g., nursing) but requiring different levels of skill, effort, responsibility and/or working conditions Position Description – a description of the work within your position Job Description – a description of the work required for a group of individuals doing the same work Classification Specification – document currently used by Government to define the type of work performed within a specific job. Includes illustrative examples of work, desirable experience and training Job Class Profile – document that will result from PDQ. Includes job summary, main activities, and summary requirements for each job category / factor (skill, effort, responsibility, working conditions) Benchmark Job – a standard job used for making comparison to develop or validate a job worth hierarchy Position Description Questionnaire (PDQ) – a tool for collecting job content information that can be used to evaluate a job against the established job evaluation system


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