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Biorefinery enables cost effective feedstocks Groene chemie, Rotterdam, 1 November 2011 Johan Sanders Professor Valorisation of Plant Production Chains.

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Presentation on theme: "Biorefinery enables cost effective feedstocks Groene chemie, Rotterdam, 1 November 2011 Johan Sanders Professor Valorisation of Plant Production Chains."— Presentation transcript:

1 Biorefinery enables cost effective feedstocks Groene chemie, Rotterdam, 1 November 2011 Johan Sanders Professor Valorisation of Plant Production Chains Wageningen University and Research center

2 Qualitative example of Biorefinery Rotterdam (700PJ) corn wheat corn wheat cassava chips diesel fuel DDGS soybeans rapeseed jatropha seed soybeans rapeseed jatropha seed Medium protein 1 st residues - DDGS Medium protein 1 st residues - DDGS starch C6 sugars oil glycerol biodiesel press cake (high protein) press cake (high protein) protein lignocellulose (LC) lignocellulose (LC) C6 sugars C5 sugars O-chemicals fermentation products lignin animal feed N-chemicals fuel ethanol lactic acid 49.6 Mt raw materials converted to: - fuels = 12.5 Mt - chemicals = 9.5 Mt - animal feed 2 Mt - syngas 3 Mt - electricity 3800 MW electr. plant oils ethanol ethylene propylene fuel ethanol ethanol glycerol methanol torrefied LC pyrolysis oil syngas MW 3000 MW 800 MW O D D D O R R O O O’ O O: operation D: development R: research

3 From side stream to bulk product Text: 28 pt Arial Unicode MS, not bold this is 24 pt, sizes have been tested Accentuation colours test and surfaces: Main colours: petroleum blue and green Supporting colours: orange-yellow and orange Start: via menu Insert, New Slide Save: always with option Embed True Type

4 Different options for optimisation of agricultural waste streams Protein content 05 %15 %35 %50 % Examples Wheat straw Cocoa husks Corn stover Sugarcane leaves Coffee pulp Rape straw Beet leaves Rape mealSoy meal Costs(€/ton) Value (€/ton) as raw material: electricity ethanol ethanol + protein idem + hemicell.+ lignin idem + hemicell.+ minerals

5 The route to NMP, new vs conventional New route Conventional route Glutamic acidNMP Amino acids contain N and O.  Less steps (= factories) & energy for the same product! step 1step 2

6 N-ergy Waste  aspartic + arginin Chemicals Food

7 Multiproduct second generation biorefinary Income per tonne rape meal (€/ton) ProductMassIncome € Protein Amino acids10030 Animal feed Ethanol(200)(20) Fibres10020 PO Lignocellulose20010 Total Costs rape meal = 180 €/tonne

8 Integrated production of chemicals & power Rape meal Protein + K Agricultural residues NaOH Ca(OH) 2 95 °C 1 day Fibres Amino acids Lignocellulose Amino acids + phosphate Recalc.lignocellulose Ca(lactate) 2 heat Ferm Ca(lactate) 2 Recalcitrant Lignocellulose CaO Heat Cellulase Ferm Ethanol CHP Prec Electricity Waste paper/CaCO 3 BBE parc Cuijk & Renkum

9 36 kton glutamic acid  23 kton NMP (~2500 € / ton) = 58 M€/y 500 Million liters bioethanol (~ 400 kton) =200M€ 360 kton DDGS (~130 € / ton) = 46M€ Biobased NMP, an example

10 Our daily food needs a twenty fold higher energy input NL fossil PJ EU fossil PJ Dutch Agriculture 475 Net Import 160 Greenhouses/Food 100 Transportion Food Other Agriculture 60 Household 165 Food Industry kcal/day = 55 PJ 100 Biomass NL 635 PJ EU PJ Fossil NL 575 PJ EU PJ EU PJ

11 Development of Dutch BbE can be build on Dutch pilars: Agriculture, Chemistry, Ports.

12 From side stream to bulk product Text: 28 pt Arial Unicode MS, not bold this is 24 pt, sizes have been tested Accentuation colours test and surfaces: Main colours: petroleum blue and green Supporting colours: orange-yellow and orange Start: via menu Insert, New Slide Save: always with option Embed True Type

13 Glutamic acid – industrial raw material Diaminobutane Acrylonitrile N-Methylpyrrolidone N-Vinylpyrrolidone Glutamic acid NWO-ACTS (ASPECT)

14 Glutamic acid in byproduct streams

15 Output (kton/y) Investment (M€) Turnover (M€/y) Investment/ton (€) Turnover/investment (€/€) Neste Oil nd generation ethanol nd generation multi product Small scale can be competitive


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