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THE BIBLE Welcome to Sponsored by Metro Manila Christian Church.

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Presentation on theme: "THE BIBLE Welcome to Sponsored by Metro Manila Christian Church."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE BIBLE Welcome to Sponsored by Metro Manila Christian Church

2 THE BIBLE Bible Secrets, Bible Secrets, Dan Browns Da Vinci Code, and the Gospel of Judas… How does the Bible hold up?

3 Attacks on the Bible Incoherent! Fraught with inconsistencies Incoherent! Fraught with inconsistencies Incomplete! Partisan and faulty compiling Incomplete! Partisan and faulty compiling …a determinist sociological phenomenon …a determinist sociological phenomenon …a product of mere coincidence, arbitrary decisions, or political agendas …a product of mere coincidence, arbitrary decisions, or political agendas

4 Attacks on Jesus as he is presented in the Bible Jesus is a mythical figure. Jesus is a mythical figure. Jesus is an overrated Bible character. Jesus is an overrated Bible character. Other wild claims Other wild claims

5 Seeking to expose the Bible Expert skeptics Expert skeptics Uninformed skeptics Uninformed skeptics Fiction enthusiasts Fiction enthusiasts Wide readers Wide readers Ordinary readers Ordinary readers

6 A question of evidence A study of the defense of the Bible requires judgment A study of the defense of the Bible requires judgment Before you make a judgment, you need to look at all the facts Before you make a judgment, you need to look at all the facts

7 The Bible Exposed Ill-meaning attempts to expose the truth about the Bible backfire on the people who start them. Instead of the Bible getting exposed, its the other way around; peoples motives, faults, and inconsistencies get exposed.

8 Bible Exposé #1 The Gospel of Judas

9 What is the Gospel of Judas? Historical background Historical background 3 rd /4 th century doc 3 rd /4 th century doc Coptic language Coptic language

10 Judas, who is portrayed as greater than the other apostles, was commissioned by Jesus to be the instrumental hero towards the ultimate goal: for (the true) Jesus to be released from his mortal body What is the Gospel of Judas?

11 The Gospel of Judas & Gnosticism Gnosticism: from gnosis; hybrid philosophical and religious system of belief; emphases - the all, flesh is evil, elite knowledge Gnosticism: from gnosis; hybrid philosophical and religious system of belief; emphases - the all, flesh is evil, elite knowledge Vocabulary & theology Gnostic leanings Vocabulary & theology Gnostic leanings Nag Hammadi documents (largely Gnostic) Nag Hammadi documents (largely Gnostic) Related text: Gospel of Thomas Related text: Gospel of Thomas

12 Problems with Gospel of Judas Influence of Gnostic philosophy Influence of Gnostic philosophy Late time of writing; at least 3 generations from the writing of the other gospels Late time of writing; at least 3 generations from the writing of the other gospels Removed from Jesus lifetime Removed from Jesus lifetime Cryptic, non-orthodox teaching Cryptic, non-orthodox teaching Does not pass the 1 st century bios test Does not pass the 1 st century bios test Not accepted by the early church Not accepted by the early church

13 Rejection of false gospels

14 What the earliest witnesses say 2 Pe 1:16 We did not follow cleverly invented stories when we told you about the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty.

15 What the earliest witnesses say Col 2:8-10 See to it that no one takes you captive through hollow and deceptive philosophy, which depends on human tradition and the basic principles of this world rather than on Christ. For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form, and you have been given fullness in Christ, who is the head over every power and authority.

16 What the earliest witnesses say Col 2:20-23 ….why, as though you still belonged to [the world], do you submit to its rules: "Do not handle! Do not taste! Do not touch!"? These are all destined to perish with use… Such regulations indeed have an appearance of wisdom, with their self-imposed worship, their false humility and their harsh treatment of the body, but they lack any value in restraining sensual indulgence.

17 The Gospel of Judas-Conclusions Represents a later reaction (like other Gnostic writings) on the original and earlier teaching of the apostles Represents a later reaction (like other Gnostic writings) on the original and earlier teaching of the apostles Presents vocabulary and theology different from OT, apostolic and early church documents; explains rejection Presents vocabulary and theology different from OT, apostolic and early church documents; explains rejection Does not shed any light on our historical understanding of Jesus and the NT Does not shed any light on our historical understanding of Jesus and the NT

18 Bible Exposé #2 Dan Browns Da Vinci Code

19 Dan Browns Da Vinci Code A novel A novel A suspenseful, thought-provoking plot A suspenseful, thought-provoking plot Includes an intro: FACT:…All descriptions of artwork, architecture, documents, and secret rituals in this novel are accurate. Includes an intro: FACT:…All descriptions of artwork, architecture, documents, and secret rituals in this novel are accurate. A novel nonetheless A novel nonetheless Category (per printer): Fiction Category (per printer): Fiction

20 Cracking the code… Impossibility of the storyline Impossibility of the storyline Misrepresentation of organizations Misrepresentation of organizations

21 Cracking the code… Inaccuracy of geographical data Inaccuracy of geographical data Regino Cortes: Brown located 24 Rue Haxo on the western outskirts of Paris in the novels original English version. This error is so glaring that in the French translation of the novel, it was changed to 24 Rue de Longchamp.

22 Cracking the code… Wrong information on art history Wrong information on art history Art historian Denise Budd, Columbia University: There is no real evidence at all that Leonardo da Vinci was a member of the Priory of Sion or any other secret organization. The documents that Dan Brown relied upon…appear to be 20 th century forgeries…

23 Cracking the code… Wrong information on art history Wrong information on art history Art historian Diane Cappadona of Georgetown University: [On Browns supposition that the John character in the Last Supper is really Mary] It nicely fits with feminist theology...However, that doesnt make it true…No, I do not believe that there is a woman in the Last Supper and I do not believe in any way that it is Mary Magdalene.

24 Cracking the code…

25 Dan Brown guilty of stealing ideas? Dan Brown guilty of stealing ideas?

26 Cracking the code… Impossibility of the storyline Impossibility of the storyline Misrepresentation of organizations Misrepresentation of organizations Inaccurate geography Inaccurate geography Inaccurate art history Inaccurate art history Plagiarism angle Plagiarism angle

27 FACT:…All descriptions of artwork, architecture, documents, and secret rituals in this novel are accurate. Dan Browns intro documents

28 Claim #1 regarding documents Ch 55, p.254: As of the fourth century, thousands of documents already existed chronicling His life as a mortal man.

29 What are the documents out there? 1 Nag Hammadi library 2 NT Apocrypha (not same as OT apocrypha) 3 Apostolic Fathers 4 Ante-Nicene documents 5 Others - inscriptions, coins, etc.

30 Claim #2 regarding documents Ch 55, p.251: More than eighty gospels were considered for the New Testament, and yet only a relative few were chosen for inclusionMatthew, Mark, Luke, and John among them

31 More than eighty gospels? Dan Brown is saying here that aside from Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, many dozens of other gospels were considered in the selection process for the formation of the NT canon. Dan Brown is saying here that aside from Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, many dozens of other gospels were considered in the selection process for the formation of the NT canon.

32 Lets do the math Number of gospels other than Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John actually brought forward by the author or an apostle to be included in the canon = Number of gospels other than Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John actually brought forward by the author or an apostle to be included in the canon = 0

33 Lets do the math Number of gospel documents mentioned in history but not commended as canonical (accepted by agreed standard) gospels = Number of gospel documents mentioned in history but not commended as canonical (accepted by agreed standard) gospels = Gospel of the Hebrews Gospel of Thomas Gospel of Judas 3

34 Lets do the math Number of documents called gospels and remotely resembling the canonical gospels but largely rejected by Christians= Number of documents called gospels and remotely resembling the canonical gospels but largely rejected by Christians= Gospel of Peter Gospel of Philip Gospel of Mary 3

35 Lets do the math Number of documents called gospels even if they have nothing to do with the good news and were largely ignored = Number of documents called gospels even if they have nothing to do with the good news and were largely ignored = Gospel of the Egyptians Gospel of Truth Gospel of the Ebionites Gospel of Naassenes Gospel of Nazoreans Gospel of Bartholomew Infancy gospel of Thomas 7

36 Lets do the math Gospels of Thomas (2) Gospel of Judas Gospel of Philip Gospel of Peter Gospel of Mary Gospel of the Egyptians Gospel of Truth Gospel of the Ebionites Gospel of the Hebrews Gospel of Naassenes Gospel of Nazoreans Gospel of Bartholomew 13 total; all are later writings 13 total; all are later writings Cant even be called gospels Cant even be called gospels Not seriously considered by early church Not seriously considered by early church Where are the so- called eighty gospels? Where are the so- called eighty gospels?

37 Claim #3 regarding documents Ch 55, p.251: The Bible as we know it today, was collated by the pagan Roman Emperor Constantine the great… p.254 …Constantine commissioned and financed a new Bible… Ch 55, p.251: The Bible as we know it today, was collated by the pagan Roman Emperor Constantine the great… p.254 …Constantine commissioned and financed a new Bible…

38 Did Constantine collate the Bible? New Testament books were written by 100 AD, and were in circulation already by that time New Testament books were written by 100 AD, and were in circulation already by that time Constantine (and the Council of Nicaea, 325 AD) came 200 years later, and had nothing to do with choosing which books of the Bible would be included in the Canon Constantine (and the Council of Nicaea, 325 AD) came 200 years later, and had nothing to do with choosing which books of the Bible would be included in the Canon Constantine commissioned the copying of Bibles, meaning there was already a Bible to be copied! Constantine commissioned the copying of Bibles, meaning there was already a Bible to be copied!

39 Dan, get your facts straight! 90AD 180AD 400BC 30AD 325AD 2200BC OT Compiled OT Completed NT Completed NT 85% Compiled Nicaea, Constantine NT & Bible Compiled 380AD

40 Claim #4 regarding documents Ch 55, p.254: Some of the gospels that Constantine attempted to eradicate managed to survive. The Dead Sea Scrolls were found in the 1950s hidden in a cave…And of course, the Coptic scrolls in 1945 at Nag Hammadi…these documents speak of Christs ministry in very human terms.

41 Do the Dead Sea Scrolls teach that Jesus was merely human?

42 Claim #4 regarding documents Ch 55, p.254: Some of the gospels that Constantine attempted to eradicate managed to survive. The Dead Sea Scrolls were found in the 1950s hidden in a cave…And of course, the Coptic scrolls in 1945 at Nag Hammadi…these documents speak of Christs ministry in very human terms.

43 Comments on DVC Bart Ehrman, University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill): Bart Ehrman, University of North Carolina (Chapel Hill): There is no evidence that Jesus was ever married, let alone married to Mary Magdalene.

44 Comments on DVC Harold Attridge, dean of Yale Divinity School: Harold Attridge, dean of Yale Divinity School: [Brown] has wildly misinterpreted early Christianity…if people are intrigued by the historical questions, there are plenty of materials out there.

45 Comments on DVC James Robinson, Claremont Graduate School, on the Da Vinci hubbub: James Robinson, Claremont Graduate School, on the Da Vinci hubbub: We are a Jesus-haunted culture thats biblically illiterate.

46 Comments on DVC Skeptic Magazine (atheist magazine), on Dan Browns research: In matters of historical analysis, it is not possible to be more wrong than this.

47 Truths, Half-truths, Lies Mk 3:22 Mk 3:22 By the prince of demons he is driving out demons. he is driving out demons by the prince of demons

48 Problems with Da Vinci Code in the area of documents only Erroneous statements on the gospels Erroneous statements on the gospels Confusion regarding early writings and later reflections Confusion regarding early writings and later reflections Misunderstanding of the role of church councils Misunderstanding of the role of church councils Inaccurate assessment of Constantines role in 4 th cen Christianity Inaccurate assessment of Constantines role in 4 th cen Christianity

49 More thoughts on the DVC G.K. Chesterson once wrote: …we have made fiction to suit ourselves.

50 More thoughts on the DVC Curtis White, author of The Middle Mind: Why Americans Dont Think for ThemselvesThe Da Vinci Code: …it is the popular expression of a desire for a kind of meaningfulness to life that is missing for most of us…it is [this] assumption that were willing to think heretically in order to escape that fraud that makes Browns deepest appeal to his readers.

51 Da Binchee hu? Leonardo Da Vinci ( ) Leonardo Da Vinci ( )

52 Da Binchee hu? Renaissance painter, architect, engineer, mathematician, scientist and philosopher Renaissance painter, architect, engineer, mathematician, scientist and philosopher He lived in the 15 th century, 1400 years after Christ! He lived in the 15 th century, 1400 years after Christ! When did Da Vinci become an authority in religious truth? When did Da Vinci become an authority in religious truth? Will you base your faith on this man? Will you base your faith on this man?

53 Conclusion on the DVC Dan Browns assertions on the roots of Christianity are not just disturbing, but erroneous, his fallacy-laden arguments stemming from extremely poor research, personal bias, or both. Dan Browns assertions on the roots of Christianity are not just disturbing, but erroneous, his fallacy-laden arguments stemming from extremely poor research, personal bias, or both.

54 Recommended Reading On evidences/apologetics Evidence that Demands a Verdict by Josh MacDowell On Bible text history The Canon Debate by Lee MacDonald On Church history Church History in Plain Language by Bruce Shelley More to be posted at More to be posted at

55 The Bible Exposed Attempts to expose the truth about the Bible backfire on the people who started them. Instead of the Bible getting exposed, its the other way around; peoples motives, faults, and inconsistencies get exposed.

56 You will find out… That its a GREAT BOOK! If you really expose the Bible…

57 Whats so great about the Bible? 1. Unbelievable Unity Around 40 authors, 3 languages, 3 continents Around 40 authors, 3 languages, 3 continents Written in a span of about 1500 years in very different contexts Written in a span of about 1500 years in very different contexts Coherent, singleness of thought Coherent, singleness of thought

58 Whats so great about the Bible? 2.Amazing Accuracy Contains factual information which corresponds with reality Contains factual information which corresponds with reality Contains incidental information which corresponds with truthful account Contains incidental information which corresponds with truthful account

59 Whats so great about the Bible? 3.Terrific Toughness Withstood the tests of time and trouble Withstood the tests of time and trouble Bernard Ramm:.. No other book has been Bernard Ramm:.. No other book has been chopped, knived, sifted, scrutinized, and vilified

60 Whats so great about the Bible? 4. Incredible Impact The number one best seller of all time The number one best seller of all time Translated into more than 2,200 languages and dialects Translated into more than 2,200 languages and dialects UBS sells around 50,000 /day UBS sells around 50,000 /day Changed lives the world over Changed lives the world over

61 Conclusion – The Bible Exposed What do we do with the Bible? Ps 119:18 Open my eyes that I may see wonderful things in your law

62 Conclusion – The Bible Exposed Learn it! Love it! Live it!

63 THE BIBLE Sponsored by Metro Manila Christian Church


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