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© 2009 On the CUSP: STOP BSI The Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program (CUSP): An Intervention to Learn form Mistakes and Improve Safety Culture
© 2009 Learning Objectives To understand the steps in CUSP To learn how to investigate a defect To understand some teamwork tools such as daily goals, AM briefing, Shadowing
© 2009 Safety Score Card Keystone ICU Safety Dashboard CUSP is intervention to improve these* 20042006 How often did we harm (BSI) (median) 2.8/10000 How often do we do what we should 66%95% How often did we learn from mistakes* 100s % Needs improvement in Safety climate* 84%43% Teamwork climate* 82%42%
© 2009 Pre CUSP Work Create an ICU team – Nurse, physician administrator, others – Assign a team leader Measure Culture in the ICU (discuss with hospital association leader) Work with hospital quality leader to have a senior executive assigned to ICU team
© 2009 Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program (CUSP) An Intervention to Learn from Mistakes and Improve Safety Culture 1.Educate staff on science of safety http://www.jhsph.edu/ctlt/training/patient_safety.html 2.Identify defects 3.Assign executive to adopt unit 4.Learn from one defect per quarter 5.Implement teamwork tools Pronovost J, Patient Safety, 2005
© 2009 Science of Safety Understand System determines performance Use strategies to improve system performance – Standardize – Create Independent checks for key process – Learn from Mistakes Apply strategies to both technical work and team work Recognize teams make wise decisions with diverse and independent input
© 2009 Identify Defects Review error reports, liability claims, sentinel events or M and M conference Ask staff how will the next patient be harmed
© 2009 Prioritize Defects List all defects Discuss with staff what are the three greatest risks
© 2009 Executive Partnership Executive should become a member of ICU team Executive should meet monthly with ICU team Executive should review defects, ensure ICU team has resources to reduce risks, and how team accountable for improving risks and central line associated blood steam infection
© 2009 Learning from Mistakes What happened? Why did it happen (system lenses) What could you do to reduce risk How to you know risk was reduced – Create policy / process / procedure – Ensure staff know policy – Evaluate if policy is used correctly Pronovost 2005 JCJQI
© 2009 To Identify Most Important Contributing Factors Rate Each contributing factor – importance of the problem and contributing factors in causing the accident – importance of the problem and contributing factors in future accidents
© 2009 To Identify Most Effective Interventions Rate Each Intervention – How well the intervention solves the problem or mitigates the contributing factors for the accident – Rates the team belief that the intervention will be implemented and executed as intended
© 2009 To Evaluate Whether Risks were Reduced Did you create a policy or procedure Do staff know about the policy Are staff using it as intended Do staff believe risks have been reduced
© 2009 Teamwork Tools Call list Daily Goals AM briefing Shadowing Culture check up Pronovost JCC, JCJQI
© 2009 Call List Ensure your ICU has a process to identify what physician to page or call for each patient Make sure call list is easily accessible and updated
© 2009 AM Briefing Have a morning meeting with charge nurse and ICU attending Discuss work for the day – What happened during the evening – Who is being admitted and discharged today – What are potential risks during the day, how can we reduce these risks
© 2009Shadowing Follow another type of clinician doing their job for between 2 to 4 hours Have that person discuss with staff what they will do differently now they walked in another shoes
© 2009 CUSP is a Continuous Journey Add science of safety education to orientation Learn from one defect per month, share or post lessons (answers to the 4 questions) with others Implement teamwork tools that best meet the ICU teams needs Details of CUSP are in the manual of operations
© 2009References Pronovost P, Weast B, Rosenstein B, et al. Implementing and validating a comprehensive unit-based safety program. J Pat Safety. 2005; 1(1):33-40. Pronovost P, Berenholtz S, Dorman T, Lipsett PA, Simmonds T, Haraden C. Improving communication in the ICU using daily goals. J Crit Care. 2003; 18(2):71-75. Pronovost PJ, Weast B, Bishop K, et al. Senior executive adopt-a-work unit: A model for safety improvement. Jt Comm J Qual Saf. 2004; 30(2):59-68. Thompson DA, Holzmueller CG, Cafeo CL, Sexton JB, Pronovost PJ. A morning briefing: Setting the stage for a clinically and operationally good day. Jt Comm J Qual and Saf. 2005; 31(8):476-479.
Michigan’s Keystone ICU Project:
The Team Check-up Tool. Slide 2 Learning Objectives To understand the tool we use to: – Describe the anticipated activities of your ICU quality improvement.
Patient Safety Leadership Peter Pronovost MD PhD Professor, Schools of Medicine and Public Health Director, JHU Quality & Safety Research Group.
Peter Pronovost, MD, PhD Johns Hopkins University
© 2009 On the CUSP: STOP BSI Physician Engagement.
Measuring Progress in Patient Safety
© The Johns Hopkins University and The Johns Hopkins Health System Corporation, 2011 Armstrong Institute for Patient Safety and Quality CUSP for Safe Surgery:
March 14, 2012 Lynne Hall. Best Practice Committee looks at all Core Measure Data ◦ HF-1 Discharge Instructions is one of the lowest measure in Georgia.
Healthcare Safety: How will your next patient be injured?
Learning Objectives Review the impact of errors and patient harm and the underlying causes of errors Show how CUSP supports other quality and safety tools.
Learning From Defects: An Intervention to Learn from Mistakes
Obtaining Results Desire Vessel Execute Culture is a vessel to cross the quality chasm.
Comprehensive Unit Safety Program (CUSP) David Thompson DNSc, MS, RN Kristina Weeks, MHS, DrPh(c) Teamwork Tools.
Learning From Defects. What is a Defect? Anything you do not want to have happen again.
Revisiting Learning From Defects: An Intervention to Learn from Mistakes David A. Thompson DNSc, MS, RN Associate Professor Armstrong Institute for Patient.
Learning Objectives Review key steps of the CUSP Toolkit
© 2009 On the CUSP: STOP BSI ICU Physician Staffing.
CLABSI Investigation Melinda Sawyer, RN, MSN, PCCN David A. Thompson DNSc, MS, RN.
1 Surgical Unit-Based Safety Program Proposed Resources for Partnership for Patients Terri Conner, Ph.D. Nybeck Analytics Partnership for Patients.
On the CUSP: STOP BSI Learning From Defects 101
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