Presentation on theme: "The Politics of Home. Belonging and Nostalgia in Western Europe and the United states Author-Meets-Critics RC-21 Amsterdam Conference Jan Willem Duyvendak."— Presentation transcript:
The Politics of Home. Belonging and Nostalgia in Western Europe and the United states Author-Meets-Critics RC-21 Amsterdam Conference Jan Willem Duyvendak
Introduction Presenting a book? The two revolutions of our days: gender and globalization/migration; Two crises of not feeling at home; What a comparison of crises (and continents) may offer; How to research feeling at home? -a speechless emotion; -a multi-layered and multi-scalar emotion; -politics versus the people?
Conceptualizing Feeling at Home Everybody wants to feel at home in one way or another; Nobody feels at home everywhere and with everyone (cosmopolitans are bad sociologists); Not everybody needs a particular place to feel at home (generic places can evoke home feelings as well); Feeling at home is a selective, discriminating emotion; Are there shared characteristics in the various ways people feel at home? Yes, at least one: familiarity. But an important difference exist between a ‘haven’- and ‘heaven’-concept of feeling at home; What feeling at home means, varies according to social class but also to gender, race, culture, sexual preference, age, et cetera.
Nostalgia in the USA: Coming to terms with the gender revolution Time bind in the USA: Americans don’t feel home-at-home anymore but feel more at-home-at-work; Stress at home: home is no safe ‘haven’ anymore since parents work long hours, don’t have time for kids, there are few day care services, et cetera; The emphasis on family values mirrors the crisis of the family in the US. (but what about unsolved gender problems in Western Europe?)
Dutch Nostalgia: How to deal with globalization and migration? Many native-born Dutch don’t feel at home anymore in the nation due to the minority of (Muslim) migrants (who do feel at home, though don’t feel Dutch); Politics and ‘feeling at home’: culturalization of citizenship, forced assimilation to ‘progressive’ values; progressive intolerance; The nation conceptualized as a ‘home’ where all inhabitants have to share ‘family’ norms and values, life styles: a ‘heaven’-concept; (but what about ‘homeland security’ and nativism in the US after 9/11?)
Types of Nostalgia Restaurative nostalgia (the Netherlands) and reflective nostalgia (the US) regarding the crisis of home ( Svetlana Boym ); The US: ‘we wanted this change’, no way back –> looking for the modernization of home. Alternatives coming from Europe? Hochschild versus Conley: what are the boundaries of home? The Netherlands: ‘we didn’t ask for this change’, a majority versus a minority -> looking for the restauration of home. Are there alternatives, e.g. from the US? Similarity: both revolutions are enlargements of people’s worlds, but the spatial get transformed into the temporal (nostalgia and nativism: ‘a familiar home has been lost’).
More Inclusive Ways of Feeling at Home? Feeling home-at-work and feeling home-at-home is not necessarily a zero-sum relation; A ‘heaven’-concept is more problematic: public manifestations of feeling at home of some might jeopardize home feelings of others; see the Netherlands (and look at the French); Beyond a nativist/temporal home-concept: about inconsistencies of the Left and the future of more inclusive home-making strategies.