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Roads to Revolution, 1750-1776 AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Fall 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Roads to Revolution, 1750-1776 AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Fall 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Roads to Revolution, AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Fall 2010

2 Triumph and Tensions: The British Empire,

3 A Fragile Peace, George Washington sent to persuade French to leave Ohio Valley Forced to return home Mohawks angry at New Yorkers for encroaching on land Albany Plan of Union Proposed by Benjamin Franklin Rejected by all colonies who attended Reluctance to even establish a colonial postal service

4 Divided Colonies Fire and water are no more heterogeneous than the different colonies in North America. -an English traveler

5 Everyone cries, a union is necessary, but when they come to the manner and form of the union, their weak noodles are perfectly distracted. -Benjamin Franklin


7 The Seven Years War in America, Friction and conflict between New France and English colonies in the Ohio Valley English defeated at Fort Duquesne French threaten New York and New England Most Iroquois abandon French Fort Duquesne and Louisbourg captured French driven from NY, Quebec falls French resistance ends, Montreal falls

8 Map 5-1, p. 124




12 Map 5-2, p. 125



15 The End of French North America, France gives up all land east of Mississippi R., except New Orleans Spain cedes Florida to British Acadians ordered to swear loyalty or be removed Move to Louisiana (Cajuns)

16 p. 125

17 Anglo-American Friction Tension between British officers and colonial troops Quakers refused to fund war New York and Massachusetts oppose quartering troops Huge war financial burden-both British and colonists George III ascends to throne in 1760 Destabilized politics

18 p. 126

19 Frontier Tensions Americans move across Appalachians Pontiacs War (1763) Proclamation of 1763 No English expansion west of Appalachian crest 10,000 British soldiers in former French forts

20 p. 125


22 p. 127

23 Imperial Authority, Colonial Opposition,

24 Writs of Assistance, Massachusetts governor authorizes seizure of illegal goods James Otis argues writs unconstitutional Challenge to Parliaments authority an act against the Constitution is void Lost in Massachusetts Supreme Court

25 p. 134

26 The Sugar Act, 1764 Amended the Molasses Act of 1733 Attempt to end smuggling and bribery Sought to raise revenue, external tax Ignored British rules for a fair trial Enforced vigorously by British Navy End of period of salutary neglect

27 p. 131

28 The Stamp Act Crisis, Special stamps required on almost all documents, newspapers, playing cards Internal tax designed to raise revenue Debate over representation Virtual vs. direct Strong opposition Patrick Henry Sons of Liberty Stamp Act Congress


30 Trumpet of sedition Young aristocrats in VA House of Burgesses Patrick Henry Implies that King George III could lose his head If this be treason, make the most of it. Virginia Resolves Virginians should only pay taxes voted on by Virginia assembly Anyone supporting right of Parliament to tax is an enemy of Virginia


32 Declaratory Act Stamp Act repealed Parliament declares the power to legislate for colonies in all cases whatsoever

33 Ideology, Religion, and Resistance John Locke state of nature, natural rights, social contract Right to overthrow government Resistance shows up in sermons protect God-given liberty Clergy exerts great influence

34 Wilkes and Liberty, John Wilkes MP Leader of pro-American forces in Parliament Arrest leads to conflict massacre of St. Georges Fields Edmund Burke and William Pitt also opposed British approach

35 p. 139

36 Women and Colonial Resistance Boycotts of British goods Daughters of Liberty Denounced tax on tea Stopped drinking tea Found alternatives

37 p. 140

38 The Deepening Crisis,

39 The Boston Massacre, 1770 Bostonian resentment of British authority British soldiers fire into crowd 5 colonists killed Crispus Attucks among killed John Adams serves as attorney for British soldiers All but 2 acquitted


41 The Committees of Correspondence, Exchange information and coordinate activities to defend colonial rights First attempt to maintain close and continuing political cooperation Started by Samuel Adams Extended to Virginia Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, Richard Henry Lee


43 Conflicts in the Backcountry The Paxton Boys-1763 Protest colonial taxes Ask for help against Indians Regulator Movement-1771 Resistance to high taxes in Carolina upcountry Small-scale civil war


45 The Tea Act, 1773 Eliminated duties on English tea Help British East India Tea Company Would raise revenue Committees of correspondence protest, threaten tax collectors Samuel Adams and John Hancock ask form ship with tea to depart Boston Harbor Boston Tea Party

46 p. 143


48 Toward Independence,

49 Liberty for African Americans Lord Dunmores Proclamation Attempt to undermine planter society Promote slave insurrection Offer for freedom if slaves joined British army or navy Liberty to Slaves

50 p. 145

51 The Intolerable Acts Four Coercive Acts Boston Port Bill Massachusetts Government Act Administration of Justice Act Quartering Act Quebec Act

52 The First Continental Congress 56 delegates to Philadelphia Suffolk Resolves Not bound by Coercive Acts Call for King to dismiss ministers responsible Defensive measures Call to boycott British goods Division in Congress


54 From Resistance to Rebellion Resistance strengthened Battle at Lexington and Concord Minutemen fight British 20,000 New Englanders besiege British in Boston Second Continental Congress Sends Olive Branch Petition to King Establishes Continental Army under George Washington


56 Common Sense Thomas Paine writes pamphlet King was royal brute New kind of nation without king Republican principles a landflood that sweeps all before it Dissolved lingering allegiance to king, removing last barrier to independence


58 Declaring Independence Reconciliation unlikely Committee of 5 John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson Kings direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over these states pursuit of happiness in place of property Framed in universal terms



61 Roads to Revolution, AP US History East High School Mr. Peterson Fall 2010

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