2WHAT GOVT’S DO!!! DO!!!! 1. Decide how to use scarce resources. 2. Provide security from attack.3. Make decisions peacefully.4. Protect lives and property.5. Provide services (ie education, health, currency, etc.).6. Establish & negotiate arrangementswith other countries.
3GR 9-10 GOVERNMENT REVIEW 1791 GR 9 - FUR TRADE & EXPLORATION - SEVEN YEARS WAR- FALL OF NEW FRANCE- AMERICAN REVOLUTION- UPPER & LOWER CANADA17911840ACT OF UNIONGR 10QUEEN – OLIGARCHYRebellions- LORD DURHAM- RESPONSIBLE GOV’T
5WHY GOVERNMENT? CANADA’S THREE LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT wWWHYGOVERNMENT?CANADA’STHREE LEVELSOF GOVERNMENTFEDERAL PROVINCIAL MUNICIPALCANADAB.C.P.G.P.G.OTTAWAVICTORIA$PROVINCIAL & FEDERAL TAXES$CORPORATE TAXINCOME TAXAD VALOREM TAX (HST)EXCISE TAXES (ALCOHOL/GASPAYROLL TAX$ MUNICIPAL $Most $ comes fromProperty Taxes
6DEMOCRACY & ‘THE PEOPLE’ DEMOCRACY – A GOV’T WHERE PEOPLE CAN ‘FREELY’ CHOOSE SOCIALPROGRAMSENVIRONMENTABORIGINALRIGHTSINTERNETMEDIACIVILDISOBEDIENCE???QUEBECBILINGUALISMTAXESCOURTS(ABORTION LAWS)THEISSUESINFLUENCINGGOVERNMENTMPsMLAsFREETRADECRIMECIVILSERVANTSPAIDLOBBYISTSCIVILLIBERTIESBIGBUSINESSSPECIALINTERESTGROUPSWARDEFENCETHREE PRINCIPLES OFCIVIL DISOBEDIENCEShould not include violence.Directed at laws that are harmfulAccept responsibility.SPREADINGTHE WORD
7POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES CANADIAN DEMOCRACY IDEOLOGY political & socialprinciples or beliefs.CANADIAN DEMOCRACYA balance between the rights of the state & individual rightsCapitalism – varying degrees of private ownershipDemocracy – Rule by the people for the people.Canadian Constitution - Equality & Freedoms .Representative Democracy – we allow elected representativesto make decisions on our behalf.
8POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES LIBERALISM CONSERVATISM (Go to slide #6 – Issues: Left or Right Wing)IDEOLOGYpolitical & socialprinciples or beliefs.LIBERALISMCONSERVATISMLEFT WINGCENTERRIGHT WINGCOMMUNISMSOCIALISMDEMOCRACYFASCISM??<=RULE OF LAW=>??SOCIALISM-Anti-Laissez Faire economy.Intended to reduce poverty.Gov’t controlled economy.Arrived in 1930s – people weredisillusioned with capitalism.LIBERALISMPro individual freedom.Gov’t should intervene toregulate economy.-Gov’t maintains basic standardsof living & protects rights.CONSERVATISM-against change / for tradition.-Pro Laissez-Faire economy.-Anti gov’t intervention.-Reduce gov’t spending.
9TOTALITARIANISM TOTAL CONTROL / AUTHORITARIAN / NOT DEMOCRATIC COMMUNISM-based on Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels.ruling class should be overthrown by working class.Communist Manifesto => capitalism = corruptBourgeoisie exploits proletariat.Pro collective ownership – a one party statePropaganda, secret police, & gov’t control.Today = China, Cuba, Laos, N. Korea, & Vietnam.Most Notable – Cold War Soviet Union.FASCISMPeople serve the State.Strong leadership, collective identity,& strong military.Emphasize nationalism & militarism.No political opposition or individual freedom.Notables – Post WW I Italy &Nazis Germany.HITLERMAOCASTROSTALINMUSSOLINIKIM JONGECONOMICCONTROL
10IDEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES SYSTEMS OF GOV’T USING COWS SOCIALISM – You have two cows; the gov’ttakes one, and gives it to your neighbour.COMMUNISM – You have two cows; the gov’t takes both ofthem and gives you the milk.FASCISM – You have two cows; the gov’t takes both of themand sells you the milk.CAPITALISM - You have two cows; you sell one and buy a bull!BUREACRACYYou have two cows; the gov’t takes them both,shoots one, milks the other and pours the milkdown the drainSTALINISMYou have two cows; the gov’ttakes both of them and shoots you.
11THE POLITICAL SPECTRUM Gov’t. InterventionTraditionPrivate businessReduce crimeUSA SPECTRUMVIDEOMOMENTOFYOUTH.ORG
12CANADIAN POLITICS PARTY TERMINOLOGY B.C. POLITICS Party Platform Party Membership (Family cat???)Party PoliticsIndependentsAccountabilityPatronageSolidarityHEALTH & SOCIAL PROGRAMSLESS MILITARY, ARTS & CULTURESOCIAL ASSISTANCEPROGRAMSANTI-PRIVATIZATIONHEALTH CAREEDUCATIONB.C. POLITICSENVIRONMENTBIG BUSINESSTRADITIONGRASSROOTS DEMOCRACYTAX BREAKSPRO-MILITARYNATIONALISTSTWOHORSERACEQUEBECSOVEREIGNTY
13A GUIDE TO GOVERNMENT THREE LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT THREE BRANCHES OF FEDERAL PROVINCIAL MUNICIPALTHREE BRANCHES OFGOVERNMENTCANADAB.C.P.G.OTTAWAP.G.VICTORIA$PROVINCIAL & FEDERAL TAXES$CORPORATE TAXINCOME TAXAD VALOREM TAX (HST)EXCISE TAXES (ALCOHOL/GASPAYROLL TAX$ MUNICIPAL $Most $ comes fromProperty TaxesRESPONSIBILITIESNational Defence,Immigration, FisheriesSocial Serv. , Environ.Education, Forestry,HealthWater, Snow Removal
14THREE PARTS OF GOVERNMENT Bills must pass through all three parts of government in order to become laws in Canada.HEAD OF STATEDAVID JOHNSONGOVERNORGENERALHOUSE OFCOMMONSSENATE
15THE HOUSE OF COMMONS 9. MACE SPEAKER ORDERS-IN-COUNCIL PAGES GOV’T MEMBERSOPPOSITIONPMOPPOSITION LEADER2ND OPPOSITION LEADERCLERK9. MACE10. HANSARD11. SGT AT ARMS12. THE BAR13. INTERPRETERS14. PRESS GALLERY15. PUBLIC GALLERY16. TV CAMERASORDERS-IN-COUNCILCan make laws without parliament(Emergencies / Senate apt.)MACESYMBOL OF POWERCABINET(PM & his ‘best friends’
16PASSING LEGISLATION A B C 4 3 4/6 7 2 1 7/3 4 7 MINORITY AND MAJORITY GOV’TS308 SEATSIN REALITYABCTENPOSSIBLE SEATSMINORITY434/6MAJORITY7217/347PARTY SOLIDARITYCOALITIONGOVERNMENTSROLE OF THE WHIPVOTE OF NON-CONFIDENCEPRIVATE MEMBERS BILLPROROGUEDPARLIAMENT(USUALLY A BRICK WALL)DISSOLUTION
17SENATE REQUIREMENTS: TRIPLE E SENATE REFORM PURPOSE: BENEFITS Equal ElectedEffectivePURPOSE:• Protect the interests of regions (sober second thought)• Propose legislation (except taxation & spending)• Can amend or reject any bill• Research and committee work to better Canadians.BENEFITS• $119,100, with tax free allowance of 10,000• Office and support staff• Library and Dining room• No time limit on speeches or debateASSIGNMENT – Do you agree withTriple E Senate Reform?REQUIREMENTS:• 30 yrs old.• Own property worth $• Assets at least $• Live in province that they represent• Retire by age 75• Appointed by the Governor Generalon advice of PM.
18GOVERNMENTS COMPARED FEDERAL PROVINCIAL MUNICIPAL HOUSE OF COMMONS LEGISLAITVEASSEMBLYCITY HALLMPMLACOUNCILLORPMPREMIERMAYOR308 SEATS85 SEATS9 SEATSGOVERNORGENERALLT. GOVERNORNASENATE