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GOVERNMENT CH. 9 CITIZENS EFFECTING CHANGE. WHAT GOVT’S DO!!! DO!!!! 1. Decide how to use scarce resources. 2. Provide security from attack. 3. Make decisions.

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Presentation on theme: "GOVERNMENT CH. 9 CITIZENS EFFECTING CHANGE. WHAT GOVT’S DO!!! DO!!!! 1. Decide how to use scarce resources. 2. Provide security from attack. 3. Make decisions."— Presentation transcript:

1 GOVERNMENT CH. 9 CITIZENS EFFECTING CHANGE

2 WHAT GOVT’S DO!!! DO!!!! 1. Decide how to use scarce resources. 2. Provide security from attack. 3. Make decisions peacefully. 4. Protect lives and property. 5. Provide services (ie education, health, currency, etc.). 6. Establish & negotiate arrangements with other countries.

3 GR 9-10 GOVERNMENT REVIEW GR 10 QUEEN – OLIGARCHY Rebellions - LORD DURHAM - RESPONSIBLE GOV’T GR 9 - FUR TRADE & EXPLORATION - SEVEN YEARS WAR - FALL OF NEW FRANCE - AMERICAN REVOLUTION - UPPER & LOWER CANADA ACT OF UNION

4 CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT

5 wW CANADA’S THREE LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT CANADAB.C. P.G. OTTAWA VICTORIA $PROVINCIAL & FEDERAL TAXES$ CORPORATE TAX INCOME TAX AD VALOREM TAX (HST) EXCISE TAXES (ALCOHOL/GAS PAYROLL TAX $ MUNICIPAL $ Most $ comes from Property Taxes WHY GOVERNMENT? FEDERAL PROVINCIAL MUNICIPAL

6 DEMOCRACY & ‘THE PEOPLE’ DEMOCRACY – A GOV’T WHERE PEOPLE CAN ‘FREELY’ CHOOSE THE ISSUES ENVIRONMENT QUEBEC BILINGUALISM FREE TRADE CIVIL LIBERTIES WAR DEFENCE BIG BUSINESS CRIME TAXES ABORIGINAL RIGHTS SOCIAL PROGRAMS INFLUENCING GOVERNMENT MPs MLAs CIVIL SERVANTS SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS COURTS (ABORTION LAWS) MEDIA INTERNET CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE ??? PAID LOBBYISTS THREE PRINCIPLES OF CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE 1.Should not include violence. 2.Directed at laws that are harmful 3.Accept responsibility. SPREADING THE WORD

7 POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES IDEOLOGY political & social principles or beliefs. CANADIAN DEMOCRACY A balance between the rights of the state & individual rights Capitalism – varying degrees of private ownership Democracy – Rule by the people for the people. Canadian Constitution - Equality & Freedoms. Representative Democracy – we allow elected representatives to make decisions on our behalf.

8 POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES IDEOLOGY political & social principles or beliefs. SOCIALISM - Anti-Laissez Faire economy. -Intended to reduce poverty. -Gov’t controlled economy. -Arrived in 1930s – people were disillusioned with capitalism. LIBERALISM -Pro individual freedom. -Gov’t should intervene to regulate economy. -Gov’t maintains basic standards of living & protects rights. CONSERVATISM - against change / for tradition. -Pro Laissez-Faire economy. -Anti gov’t intervention. -Reduce gov’t spending. LIBERALISMCONSERVATISM LEFT WINGCENTERRIGHT WING COMMUNISMSOCIALISMDEMOCRACYFASCISM ?? (Go to slide #6 – Issues: Left or Right Wing)

9 TOTALITARIANISM TOTAL CONTROL / AUTHORITARIAN / NOT DEMOCRATIC COMMUNISM -based on Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels. -ruling class should be overthrown by working class. -Communist Manifesto => capitalism = corrupt -Bourgeoisie exploits proletariat. -Pro collective ownership – a one party state -Propaganda, secret police, & gov’t control. -Today = China, Cuba, Laos, N. Korea, & Vietnam. -Most Notable – Cold War Soviet Union. FASCISM -People serve the State. -Strong leadership, collective identity, -& strong military. -Emphasize nationalism & militarism. -No political opposition or individual freedom. -Notables – Post WW I Italy & Nazis Germany. MAO CASTROSTALIN KIM JONG HITLER MUSSOLINI ECONOMIC CONTROL

10 IDEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES SYSTEMS OF GOV’T USING COWS SOCIALISM – You have two cows; the gov’t takes one, and gives it to your neighbour. COMMUNISM – You have two cows; the gov’t takes both of them and gives you the milk. FASCISM – You have two cows; the gov’t takes both of them and sells you the milk. CAPITALISM - You have two cows; you sell one and buy a bull! STALINISM You have two cows; the gov’t takes both of them and shoots you. BUREACRACY You have two cows; the gov’t takes them both, shoots one, milks the other and pours the milk down the drain

11 THE POLITICAL SPECTRUM USA SPECTRUM VIDEO MOMENTOFYOUTH.ORG Gov’t. Intervention Tradition Private business Reduce crime

12 CANADIAN POLITICS ANTI-PRIVATIZATION HEALTH CARE EDUCATION SOCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS QUEBEC SOVEREIGNTY ENVIRONMENT GRASSROOTS DEMOCRACY HEALTH & SOCIAL PROGRAMS LESS MILITARY, ARTS & CULTURE BIG BUSINESS TRADITION TAX BREAKS PRO-MILITARY NATIONALISTS PARTY TERMINOLOGY Party Platform Party Membership (Family cat???) Party Politics Independents Accountability Patronage Solidarity B.C. POLITICS TWO HORSE RACE

13 A GUIDE TO GOVERNMENT THREE LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT FEDERAL PROVINCIAL MUNICIPAL CANADA B.C. P.G. OTTAWA VICTORIA $PROVINCIAL & FEDERAL TAXES$ CORPORATE TAX INCOME TAX AD VALOREM TAX (HST) EXCISE TAXES (ALCOHOL/GAS PAYROLL TAX $ MUNICIPAL $ Most $ comes from Property Taxes THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT RESPONSIBILITIES National Defence, Immigration, Fisheries Social Serv., Environ. Education, Forestry, Health Water, Snow Removal

14 THREE PARTS OF GOVERNMENT Bills must pass through all three parts of government in order to become laws in Canada. DAVID JOHNSON HOUSE OF COMMONS SENATE GOVERNOR GENERAL HEAD OF STATE

15 THE HOUSE OF COMMONS 1.SPEAKER 2.PAGES 3.GOV’T MEMBERS 4.OPPOSITION 5.PM 6.OPPOSITION LEADER 7.2 ND OPPOSITION LEADER 8.CLERK 9. MACE 10. HANSARD 11. SGT AT ARMS 12. THE BAR 13. INTERPRETERS 14. PRESS GALLERY 15. PUBLIC GALLERY 16. TV CAMERAS CABINET (PM & his ‘best friends’ MACE SYMBOL OF POWER ORDERS-IN-COUNCIL Can make laws without parliament (Emergencies / Senate apt.)

16 PASSING LEGISLATION PARTY SOLIDARITY ROLE OF THE WHIP PRIVATE MEMBERS BILL MINORITY AND MAJORITY GOV’TS 308 SEATS IN REALITY ABC TEN POSSIBLE SEATS MINORITY 4334/6 MAJORITY 7217/3 4 7 COALITION GOVERNMENTS PROROGUED PARLIAMENT VOTE OF NON-CONFIDENCE DISSOLUTION (USUALLY A BRICK WALL)

17 SENATE REQUIREMENTS: 30 yrs old. Own property worth $ Assets at least $ Live in province that they represent Retire by age 75 Appointed by the Governor General on advice of PM. PURPOSE: Protect the interests of regions (sober second thought) Propose legislation (except taxation & spending) Can amend or reject any bill Research and committee work to better Canadians. BENEFITS $119,100, with tax free allowance of 10,000 Office and support staff Library and Dining room No time limit on speeches or debate TRIPLE E SENATE REFORM Equal Elected Effective ASSIGNMENT – Do you agree with Triple E Senate Reform?

18 GOVERNMENTS COMPARED FEDERALPROVINCIALMUNICIPAL HOUSE OF COMMONS LEGISLAITVE ASSEMBLY CITY HALL MPMLACOUNCILLOR PMPREMIERMAYOR 308 SEATS85 SEATS9 SEATS GOVERNOR GENERAL LT. GOVERNORNA SENATENA

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