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GOVERNMENT CH. 9 CITIZENS EFFECTING CHANGE

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Presentation on theme: "GOVERNMENT CH. 9 CITIZENS EFFECTING CHANGE"— Presentation transcript:

1 GOVERNMENT CH. 9 CITIZENS EFFECTING CHANGE

2 WHAT GOVT’S DO!!! DO!!!! 1. Decide how to use scarce resources.
2. Provide security from attack. 3. Make decisions peacefully. 4. Protect lives and property. 5. Provide services (ie education, health, currency, etc.). 6. Establish & negotiate arrangements with other countries.

3 GR 9-10 GOVERNMENT REVIEW 1791 GR 9 - FUR TRADE & EXPLORATION
- SEVEN YEARS WAR - FALL OF NEW FRANCE - AMERICAN REVOLUTION - UPPER & LOWER CANADA 1791 1840 ACT OF UNION GR 10 QUEEN – OLIGARCHY Rebellions - LORD DURHAM - RESPONSIBLE GOV’T

4 CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY RESPONSIBLE GOVERNMENT

5 WHY GOVERNMENT? CANADA’S THREE LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT
wW WHY GOVERNMENT? CANADA’S THREE LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT FEDERAL PROVINCIAL MUNICIPAL CANADA B.C. P.G. P.G. OTTAWA VICTORIA $PROVINCIAL & FEDERAL TAXES$ CORPORATE TAX INCOME TAX AD VALOREM TAX (HST) EXCISE TAXES (ALCOHOL/GAS PAYROLL TAX $ MUNICIPAL $ Most $ comes from Property Taxes

6 DEMOCRACY & ‘THE PEOPLE’ DEMOCRACY – A GOV’T WHERE PEOPLE CAN ‘FREELY’ CHOOSE
SOCIAL PROGRAMS ENVIRONMENT ABORIGINAL RIGHTS INTERNET MEDIA CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE ??? QUEBEC BILINGUALISM TAXES COURTS (ABORTION LAWS) THE ISSUES INFLUENCING GOVERNMENT MPs MLAs FREE TRADE CRIME CIVIL SERVANTS PAID LOBBYISTS CIVIL LIBERTIES BIG BUSINESS SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS WAR DEFENCE THREE PRINCIPLES OF CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE Should not include violence. Directed at laws that are harmful Accept responsibility. SPREADING THE WORD

7 POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES CANADIAN DEMOCRACY IDEOLOGY
political & social principles or beliefs. CANADIAN DEMOCRACY A balance between the rights of the state & individual rights Capitalism – varying degrees of private ownership Democracy – Rule by the people for the people. Canadian Constitution - Equality & Freedoms . Representative Democracy – we allow elected representatives to make decisions on our behalf.

8 POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES LIBERALISM CONSERVATISM
(Go to slide #6 – Issues: Left or Right Wing) IDEOLOGY political & social principles or beliefs. LIBERALISM CONSERVATISM LEFT WING CENTER RIGHT WING COMMUNISM SOCIALISM DEMOCRACY FASCISM ??<=RULE OF LAW=>?? SOCIALISM -Anti-Laissez Faire economy. Intended to reduce poverty. Gov’t controlled economy. Arrived in 1930s – people were disillusioned with capitalism. LIBERALISM Pro individual freedom. Gov’t should intervene to regulate economy. -Gov’t maintains basic standards of living & protects rights. CONSERVATISM -against change / for tradition. -Pro Laissez-Faire economy. -Anti gov’t intervention. -Reduce gov’t spending.

9 TOTALITARIANISM TOTAL CONTROL / AUTHORITARIAN / NOT DEMOCRATIC
COMMUNISM -based on Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels. ruling class should be overthrown by working class. Communist Manifesto => capitalism = corrupt Bourgeoisie exploits proletariat. Pro collective ownership – a one party state Propaganda, secret police, & gov’t control. Today = China, Cuba, Laos, N. Korea, & Vietnam. Most Notable – Cold War Soviet Union. FASCISM People serve the State. Strong leadership, collective identity, & strong military. Emphasize nationalism & militarism. No political opposition or individual freedom. Notables – Post WW I Italy & Nazis Germany. HITLER MAO CASTRO STALIN MUSSOLINI KIM JONG ECONOMIC CONTROL

10 IDEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES SYSTEMS OF GOV’T USING COWS
SOCIALISM – You have two cows; the gov’t takes one, and gives it to your neighbour. COMMUNISM – You have two cows; the gov’t takes both of them and gives you the milk. FASCISM – You have two cows; the gov’t takes both of them and sells you the milk. CAPITALISM - You have two cows; you sell one and buy a bull! BUREACRACY You have two cows; the gov’t takes them both, shoots one, milks the other and pours the milk down the drain STALINISM You have two cows; the gov’t takes both of them and shoots you.

11 THE POLITICAL SPECTRUM
Gov’t. Intervention Tradition Private business Reduce crime USA SPECTRUM VIDEO MOMENTOFYOUTH.ORG

12 CANADIAN POLITICS PARTY TERMINOLOGY B.C. POLITICS Party Platform
Party Membership (Family cat???) Party Politics Independents Accountability Patronage Solidarity HEALTH & SOCIAL PROGRAMS LESS MILITARY, ARTS & CULTURE SOCIAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS ANTI-PRIVATIZATION HEALTH CARE EDUCATION B.C. POLITICS ENVIRONMENT BIG BUSINESS TRADITION GRASSROOTS DEMOCRACY TAX BREAKS PRO-MILITARY NATIONALISTS TWO HORSE RACE QUEBEC SOVEREIGNTY

13 A GUIDE TO GOVERNMENT THREE LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT THREE BRANCHES OF
FEDERAL PROVINCIAL MUNICIPAL THREE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT CANADA B.C. P.G. OTTAWA P.G. VICTORIA $PROVINCIAL & FEDERAL TAXES$ CORPORATE TAX INCOME TAX AD VALOREM TAX (HST) EXCISE TAXES (ALCOHOL/GAS PAYROLL TAX $ MUNICIPAL $ Most $ comes from Property Taxes RESPONSIBILITIES National Defence, Immigration, Fisheries Social Serv. , Environ. Education, Forestry, Health Water, Snow Removal

14 THREE PARTS OF GOVERNMENT Bills must pass through all three parts of government in order to become laws in Canada. HEAD OF STATE DAVID JOHNSON GOVERNOR GENERAL HOUSE OF COMMONS SENATE

15 THE HOUSE OF COMMONS 9. MACE SPEAKER ORDERS-IN-COUNCIL PAGES
GOV’T MEMBERS OPPOSITION PM OPPOSITION LEADER 2ND OPPOSITION LEADER CLERK 9. MACE 10. HANSARD 11. SGT AT ARMS 12. THE BAR 13. INTERPRETERS 14. PRESS GALLERY 15. PUBLIC GALLERY 16. TV CAMERAS ORDERS-IN-COUNCIL Can make laws without parliament (Emergencies / Senate apt.) MACE SYMBOL OF POWER CABINET (PM & his ‘best friends’

16 PASSING LEGISLATION A B C 4 3 4/6 7 2 1 7/3 4 7
MINORITY AND MAJORITY GOV’TS 308 SEATS IN REALITY A B C TEN POSSIBLE SEATS MINORITY 4 3 4/6 MAJORITY 7 2 1 7/3 4 7 PARTY SOLIDARITY COALITION GOVERNMENTS ROLE OF THE WHIP VOTE OF NON-CONFIDENCE PRIVATE MEMBERS BILL PROROGUED PARLIAMENT (USUALLY A BRICK WALL) DISSOLUTION

17 SENATE REQUIREMENTS: TRIPLE E SENATE REFORM PURPOSE: BENEFITS Equal
Elected Effective PURPOSE: • Protect the interests of regions (sober second thought) • Propose legislation (except taxation & spending) • Can amend or reject any bill • Research and committee work to better Canadians. BENEFITS • $119,100, with tax free allowance of 10,000 • Office and support staff • Library and Dining room • No time limit on speeches or debate ASSIGNMENT – Do you agree with Triple E Senate Reform? REQUIREMENTS: • 30 yrs old. • Own property worth $ • Assets at least $ • Live in province that they represent • Retire by age 75 • Appointed by the Governor General on advice of PM.

18 GOVERNMENTS COMPARED FEDERAL PROVINCIAL MUNICIPAL HOUSE OF COMMONS
LEGISLAITVE ASSEMBLY CITY HALL MP MLA COUNCILLOR PM PREMIER MAYOR 308 SEATS 85 SEATS 9 SEATS GOVERNOR GENERAL LT. GOVERNOR NA SENATE

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