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Ch.6 Symbolic Interactionism Principles Conceptions of the “self” Labeling Theory Primary & Secondary Deviance Neutralizing Deviant identities Master Status Social Policy Implications
S.I. Principles Microsocial: society is the sum of interactions Symbols are used to construct social world People define & redefine reality
Conceptions of the Self George Herbert Mead Sense of “self” comes through social experience “I” & “me”
Stages of Personality Development Me develops over 3 stages: 1. Preparatory – imitation 2. Play Stage – role playing 3. Game Stage – understanding context The Generalized Other
Cooley & the “looking-glass self” We imagine how we appear to others We imagine how others respond to us We form a self-concept based on these interpretations
Labelling Theory Powerful apply labels to less powerful Every generation labels behavior differently (Tannenbaum’s ‘Dramatization of Evil’) Labels are often difficult to remove
Primary & Secondary Deviance Primary – concealed; private Secondary – “out of the closet”
Sykes & Matza: Techniques to Neutralize Deviance Deny personal responsibility Deny injury Blame the victim Condemn the condemner Appeal to a higher loyalty
Howard Becker The career model of deviance Master Status
Social Policy Decriminalization – addresses the problem of stigma Re-integrative Shaming
SELF AS A SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION SYMBOLIC INTERACTIONISM ACTIVE INDIVIDUAL Cooley.
George Herbert Mead Social Behaviorism
Socialization Into the Self and Mind. If We Could Erase Your Mind… Our ability to reason? Our personality? Our morality? Our concept of self?
The Development of Self Socialization – Process through which we learn the basic skills, values, beliefs, and behavior patterns of society – Helps us develop.
Symbolic Interactionism and Deviance
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc The Meaning of Crime: Social Process Perspective Chapter 9.
SOCIALIZATION AND THE SELF!. THE FUNCTIONALIST AND CONFLICT PERSPECTIVES ON SOCIALIZATION How do functionalism and the conflict perspective explain socialization?
Sociological Theory. What is theory? A way to explain how facts are related ▫These facts should be based on empirical evidence Provides a framework for.
Managing a Deviant Identity Attempts at Normalizing primary deviance in the Labeling process When people are judged as deviant, they are expected to explain.
DEVIANCE Failure to conform to the Norms. SOCIOLOGICAL NORMS Morés Essential to social stability; the most powerfully enforced Customs Important and enforced,
Magic mirror if I only could try to see myself as others would
Society as Amplifier of Deviance Labels and More.
Social Self Socialization Self
Socialization and the Construction of Reality Chapter 4 Have you been properly socialized?? How does someone become a racist? A sexist? A homophobic person?
The (Sociological) Social Psychology of Deviance.
Social Process Theories
Chapter 7 Social Process and Crime
Symbolic Interactionism and Labelling Theory Dan Ellingworth Tuesday, 2 December 2008.
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