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Ch.6 Symbolic Interactionism Principles Conceptions of the “self” Labeling Theory Primary & Secondary Deviance Neutralizing Deviant identities Master Status Social Policy Implications
S.I. Principles Microsocial: society is the sum of interactions Symbols are used to construct social world People define & redefine reality
Conceptions of the Self George Herbert Mead Sense of “self” comes through social experience “I” & “me”
Stages of Personality Development Me develops over 3 stages: 1. Preparatory – imitation 2. Play Stage – role playing 3. Game Stage – understanding context The Generalized Other
Cooley & the “looking-glass self” We imagine how we appear to others We imagine how others respond to us We form a self-concept based on these interpretations
Labelling Theory Powerful apply labels to less powerful Every generation labels behavior differently (Tannenbaum’s ‘Dramatization of Evil’) Labels are often difficult to remove
Primary & Secondary Deviance Primary – concealed; private Secondary – “out of the closet”
Sykes & Matza: Techniques to Neutralize Deviance Deny personal responsibility Deny injury Blame the victim Condemn the condemner Appeal to a higher loyalty
Howard Becker The career model of deviance Master Status
Social Policy Decriminalization – addresses the problem of stigma Re-integrative Shaming
S OCIOLOGY F IRST AND S ECOND P ERIOD P AGES Stephanie, Katrina, Stephanie, and Rachel.
Social Process Theories: Socialized to Crime
Deviant Identity Symbolic Interaction & the “Self” 2 Main assumptions: –Self is social (developed in relation to others) –Self is not fixed (changes over.
Chapter 3 Socialization.
Anomie l Emile Durkheim l Robert Merton’s Modes of Adaptation Disparity between promises of prosperity and opportunity to realize success “A cardinal American.
Introduction to Sociology n What is Sociology? Connections to Social Work Basic Insight of Sociology n What is a Sociologist? Natural Curiosity (focus.
“Classic” Labeling Reintegrative Shaming Defiance Theory
Managing a Deviant Identity Attempts at Normalizing primary deviance in the Labeling process When people are judged as deviant, they are expected to explain.
Conflict / Marxist Theory “Help, help, I’m being repressed”
Crime and Social Deviance Chapter 16. Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education Canada 16-2 Social Deviance Norms make social life possible Social order Social.
Key Themes of Labeling Theory The role of identity/self-concept in criminal behavior Distinction between “primary” and “secondary” deviation The role of.
SOCIALIZATION. Objectives Understand the definition of socialization and human development Introduce the Agents of Socialization Introduce the Theories.
Socialization and the Construction of Reality
Social Process Theories
Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education Canada Inc The Meaning of Crime: Social Process Perspective Chapter 9.
Sociological Theories of Human Development. Sociological theories of human development Do not copy Although, social scientists acknowledge the contributions.
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