Presentation on theme: "The Mystery of Creation Christian Ed 10"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Mystery of Creation Christian Ed 10 Aquinas’ Five ProofsThe Mystery of CreationChristian Ed 10
2 "The unseen things of God are visible through His Before we walk the path to enlightenment noble students, please reflect on the following passage from Paul to the Romans:"The unseen things of God are visible through Hismanifest works."Rom. I: 20
3 Aquinas was inspired by this passage to examine God’s works and prove to the skeptics that there is a God.St. Thomas Aquinas argued that there are 5 ways to prove the existence of God…
4 The First Proof: The Prime Mover Consider a bouncing ball. How did the ball start bouncing? Did it fall and if so what caused it to fall? What started all the action?According to Aquinas, “it is necessary to go back to some first mover, which is itself moved by nothing---and this all men know as God.”
5 The Second Proof: The First Cause Consider yourself and your family history. You came to be because of your parents and your parents came to be because of their parents and so on. But where does it begin?Aquinas explains, “if the chain were to go back infinitely, there would be no first cause, and thus no ultimate effect, nor middle causes, which is admittedly false. Hence we must presuppose some firstefficient cause---which all call God.”
6 The Third Proof: Possibility and Necessity Consider things that exist beyond the realm of human control. How did trees, animals, mountains, stars, and the sun come to exist? What caused these things to exist? If it was a mere accident what existed before the universe? If nothing, then nothing can come from nothing.Thus, Aquinas argues, “there must be presupposed something necessarily existing through its own nature, not having a cause elsewhere but being itself the cause of the necessary existence of other things---which all call God.”
7 The Fourth Proof: The degrees found in things Consider the notion that there are varying degrees of love, goodness, and perfection. Consider the concept of heat. There are certainly varying degrees of heat.Aquinas points out, “fire, which is the greatest heat, is the cause of all heat.” The cause of the greatest love, goodness, and perfection is who we call God.
8 The Fifth Proof: The Cosmos Examine the natural world around you. Although it appears to be chaotic at times, nature is very structured. Weather systems, oceans, the solar system, time, it all has structure. Who is responsible for this structure? Who could have designed such a plan?Aquinas saw this ordered structure and argued, “there is something intelligent by which all natural things are arranged in accordance with a plan---and this we call God.”
9 Design of Our Solar System The Solar System is unique in that the rocky inner planets are protected from cometary bombardment by two large gas giants. Scientists estimate that the Earth would receive approximately 1,000 times its current level of comet impacts if these planets were not where they are. Such a large number of collisions would have prevented the existence of life on the Earth.The Earth is protected from comets by the large outer planets
10 Design of our EarthEstablished a unique continental crust, which allows for recycling of minerals through tectonic activity.Recent evidence tells us that the earth is unique in many ways, even compared to the other rocky planets in our Solar System. In a recent study, Dr. Roberta Rudnick says that the earth has a unique continental crust, which is different from any other planet in our Solar System (even Venus, our "sister planet"). The mechanisms which resulted in this unique continental crust is not entirely certain as she stated, "Perhaps the greatest dilemma facing those interested in understanding how the continents formed is their composition." The tectonic processes which recycle the crust are extremely important in maintaining life on our planet by recycling minerals and nutrients. Normally, during planet formation, the crust covers the entire planet. Under these conditions, the crust cannot move, since there is no free space for it to do so. However, since a large amount of the earths primordial crust was blasted into outer space by the collision that formed the moon, there was space for the original continent (Pangea) to move and even break up into additional land masses. Because of tectonic activity, continents can exist on a planet that would normally be a water world. Without tectonic activity, the original continent would have eroded into the large ocean, never to be seen again. In fact, planets with large amounts of water are always water worlds because of erosion.
11 -- Thomas Aquinas "Things are in motion, hence there is a first mover. Things are caused, hence there is a first cause.Things exist, hence there is a creator.Perfect goodness exists, hence it has a sourcer.Things are designed, hence they serve a purpose."-- Thomas Aquinas
12 Another Perspective FOR God Father Robert Barron “Why do we believe in God?” What 3 points does Fr. Barron make?
13 Sometimes you just gotta have…. F-A-I-T-H ! Both Aquinas and Fr. Barron provide a rational proof for the existence of God. However, it is not enough to simply think you know that God exists. You must believe. If you pray to God and contemplate on His numerous gifts and works then He will reveal Himself to you.But it takes time and it is difficult. One of the ways God reveals Himself to you is through your life because you are part of God’s creative plan.