Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Introduction to Early Intervention What are disabilities and why do we care? What is Early Intervention?

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Early Intervention What are disabilities and why do we care? What is Early Intervention?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Early Intervention What are disabilities and why do we care? What is Early Intervention?

2 What I hope you get out of the lesson Definitions of disability Use proper etiquette and person-first language Identify internal and External Risk Factors for Disability Define Early Intervention Services State why these services are important

3 What is disability? Encarta: 1. restricted capability to perform particular activities: an inability to perform some or all of the tasks of daily life 2. medical condition restricting activities: a medically diagnosed condition that makes it difficult to engage in the activities of daily life 3. payment to person with inability: a sum of money paid to somebody, usually on a monthly basis, by a government agency or insurance company because he or she is unable to work 4. legal disqualifier: something that causes somebody to be regarded in law as ineligible to perform a specific transaction

4 What is a Disability? Federal Definitions of Disability e1 SOOOO…WHAT IS A DISABILITY? Impairment? Difference? Hindrance? Culture? Barrier?

5 The Effects of a Label We make associations based upon our experiences Person First Language Put the person before the disability Incorrect: Autistic Child, CP Kid Correct: Child with Autism, Person with CP Derogatory terms are NEVER acceptable in this course!

6 Causation SocioculturalSociocultural EconomicEconomic Poor nutrition/medical carePoor nutrition/medical care Fewer opportunities for learningFewer opportunities for learning BiomedicalBiomedical ChromosomalChromosomal MetabolicMetabolic Brain diseaseBrain disease Behavioral/ EnvironmentalBehavioral/ Environmental Maternal infectionMaternal infection Drug/alcohol abuseDrug/alcohol abuse Postnatal infectionPostnatal infection TraumaTrauma Unknown CausesUnknown Causes

7 Why do we intervene? Why early? Possibility of increasing gaps – Matthew Effect More likely to engage in risky sexual behavior Violence and Abuse More likely to be an offender Earning potential and poverty

8 Common goals of Early Intervention Assisting children in living in and adapting to various environmental settings –Home –School –Playground Services should involve families Decrease financial costs of care and services Improve quality of life and maximize potential – INDEPENDENCE

9 What types of services are provided Need to be family-based interventions –Family education and home visits –Specialized instruction –Speech and Language –OT/PT –Psychology –Service coordination –Medical services for diagnosis and evaluation –Social Work –Health services –Transportation

10 References Allen, K. E., & Chowdery, G. E. (2009). The exceptional child: Inclusion in early childhood education (6th ed.). Clifton Park, NY: Thomson Delmar. Campbell, F. A., Wasik, B. H., Pungello, E., Burchinal, M., Barbarin, O., Kainz, K., & Sparling, J. (2008). The effects of early educational intervention on young adult outcomes: A replication study. Early Childhood Research Quarterly.23, Christle, C. A., Nelson, C. M., & Jolivette, K. (2002). Prevention of antisocial and violent behavior in youth: a review of the literature. Federal statutory definitions of disability Retrieved 9/3/2009, 2009, from Hardman, M. L., Drew, C. J., & Egan, M. W. (2005). Human exceptionality: School, community, and family (8th ed.). New York: Pearson Allyn & Bacon. Hayes, S. C., Fox, E., Gifford, E. V., Wilson, K. G., Barnes-Holmes, D., & Healy, O. (2001). Derived relational responding as learned behavior. In S. C. Hayes, D. Barnes-Holmes & B. Roche (Eds.), Relational frame theory: A post-skinnerian account of human language and cognition (). New York: Kluwer Academic. Smeets, P. M., & Barnes-Holmes, D. (2003). Children's emergent preferences for soft drinks: Stimulus equivalence and transfer. Journal of Economic Psychology, 24, Stenhjem, P. (2005). Youth With Disabilities in the Juvenile Justice System: Prevention and Intervention Strategies [Electronic Version]. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from University of Delaware Center for Disabilities Studies. (2007). Delaware Health Status Report for Persons with Disabilities. Newark, DE: Division of Developmental Disabilities Services Delaware Health and Social Services.

Download ppt "Introduction to Early Intervention What are disabilities and why do we care? What is Early Intervention?"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google