PART 4 Rules for learning new vocabulary new vocabulary
When you learn a new word, you learn its: Meaning (in Chinese & English) Spelling biodiversity Pronunciation ba ɪ o ʊ d ɪ v ɜ r s ɪ ti, Syllable Stress bi-o-di-VER-si-ty Part of speech noun
You also learn: How it is used: The biodiversity of our planet is a great concern for many people. How it changes: Biodiversity (noun) Biodiverse (adjective) Biologically diverse (adjective + noun)
Learn word families, or words that go together PARTS OF THE BODY Arm Leg Head Face Foot Skin Liver Stomach Intestines Lungs Heart Kidneys
Make a diagram or graphic organizer
Dont learn new words in isolation, but in phrases or combinations Real the real thing = authentic get real (idiom) = be serious
Know how a word changes: Real Really Realistic Realistically Reality Realism Unreal Surreal
Word combinations: Adjective + Noun special treatment Verb + Noun to express an opinion Noun phrases chemistry set Word + Preposition at a high level
Concentrate on high frequency words HIGH: Punish Commit Frequent Structure LOW: Regurgitate Onomatopoeia Plebiscite Subcutaneous
Dont look up every word : When youre reading something in English, learn to scan the text and circle the words that you thing are most important for understanding. Looking up the meaning of every word you dont know will drive you crazy!
Make a plan How many words can you learn in one day? How many new words do you want to learn this week?
PART 5 How do I remember what Ive learned?
write the words in a notebook (with their translations or definitions) write the words and definitions on small cards say each new word in a sentence several times each day. ask someone to test you
Word Games Synonyms Antonyms More Vocabulary Tools Every tool does a slightly different job. Pick the right tool for the job Pictures
AN IMPORTANT TOOL: Learn word ROOTS, PREFIXES, and SUFFIXES. Many of these come from LATIN.
TELL A PARTNER 5 NEW WORDS YOU LEARNED TODAY
EXAM! I will give you some new words. Use your vocabulary tools to decide what it means.
graphology tenacious prescribe
graph + ology writing – study of ten + acious hold on – never give up pre +scribe before – write to recommend (medicine)
Circumambulate To walk in a circle circle – circusambulatory circumferenceambulance