Presentation on theme: "Mass InterConnect Solutions …creating order out of wiring chaos"— Presentation transcript:
1 Mass InterConnect Solutions …creating order out of wiring chaos Introduction to Mass InterconnectsDavid RockerDirector of Engineering
2 The contract was signed on June 5, 1943 Product HistoryENIAC was designed and built to calculate artillery firing tables for the U.S. Army's Ballistics Research Laboratory. The first problems run on the ENIAC however, were related to the design of the hydrogen bomb.The contract was signed on June 5, 1943The computer was programmed by inserting patchcords into patch panels in different configurations to accomplish different tasks.
3 VPC - PatchpanelFounded in 1959 as a licensee of International Business Machines (IBM) to manufacture and distribute programmable patch panels for computersOn display at:The New York Museum of Modern Art
4 What is Mass Interconnect? …creating order out of wiring chaosA mass interconnect system is a mechanical fixture designed to easily facilitate the connection of a large number of signals either coming from or going to a DUT.ProblemSolution
5 What is Mass Interconnect? Frequent DUT/UUT ChangeoverRapid connection to multiple UUTsSimplified System WiringFlexible, Configurable, ExpandableIntense Mating Cycle RequirementsReliability to over 20,000 mating cyclesStandard interface platform –Easy to configure, maintain and supportExtremely cost effective ~ built in expandabilityFlexibility -Pre-designed PCB/cabling solutions (off the shelf)Allows quick fixture (UUT) changeoverReliability -Supports thousands of connections and connector mating cyclesExtends the life of your expensive test instrumentsMass interconnect systems are most often required in the following circumstances:Frequent DUT changeover: If a test system has been designed to handle the requirements of multiple DUTs (each having different connection requirements), there is no quicker way to change out the signal connections than with a mass interconnect system. Whether the DUT requires a small or large number of connections, a mass interconnect system can usually make all of those connections from one ITA to another in a matter of seconds with a simple lever. Many manufacturing test platforms are designed using a standard set of instruments and full-crosspoint matrix switching so that any instrument can be connected to any testpoint, allowing just about any DUT to be connected to the equipment set. All of the custom wiring is done in the ITA enclosure to accommodate the specific requirements of the DUT, and many different DUTs could be used with the same instrument set. Intense mating cycle requirements: All interface connectors (small or large density) have a recommended maximum mating lifetime. For Dsub connectors, this might be 500 to 1000 cycles before signal integrity can no longer be guaranteed. For RF connectors like SMAs or SMBs, the number is much smaller, and the effect of a damaged connector can be crippling to a high-frequency instrument. In this way, a mass interconnect can preserve the life of test equipment by providing an interface with many thousands (often >20,000) of rated connections. The connection on the instrument side is only made once – from the instrument to the receiver module – while the DUT can be frequently connected or disconnected through the ITA-receiver mate. Even if the receiver modules experience pin failure or compromised signal integrity, this is still far less expensive to replace in most cases than the instrument itself. Simplified system wiring: At its most basic level of function, a mass interconnect system can force some cleanliness in the wiring connections made in a test system. By routing all connections through a common interface, wires are better maintained and less likely to get caught in hinges, pulled out of screw terminals, or stripped. Designing a mass interconnect into a system can often greatly reduce the amount of debug time needed based on these factors alone.DUT = Device Under TestUUT = Unit Under Test
6 Mass InterConnect Components ITA PatchcordsEnclosureITA ModuleITACable AssemblyReceiver ModuleReceiverReceiver PatchcordsVertical Hinged Mounting FrameFor automated test systems, this usually entails some mechanical enclosure through which all signals are routed from instruments (typically in a rack) to the DUT, making it easy to quickly change out DUTs or to protect the cable connections on the front of the instruments from repeated connect/disconnect cycles. There are several major components of a mass interconnect system: ReceiverThe receiver is the “instrument side” of the mass interconnect, housing pin modules or bulkheads that expose each of the instrument, switch, power, or vacuum connections.Mounting HardwareMounting hardware holds the receiver on the front of the rack. It is typically mounted on the front side of the rack with easy access to the test operator. Oftentimes, the mounting hardware will have a hinge on it to allow easy access to the instruments or cables behind the receiver.Receiver ModulesThe receiver modules expose the instrument, power, or vacuum connections through appropriate pins or other connectors inside the receiver. These are typically specified according to the density, bandwidth, current, or special-purpose requirement of the signals being passed through them.Cable Assemblies/Interface BoardsThe cable assemblies/interface boards offer a means of connecting the front of the test instruments to the receiver modules. With cable assemblies, standard cables are connected from the instruments either directly to pins in the receiver modules or to interface boards connected to the receiver modules. There are also interface boards available that connect directly from mass connectors (DIN, Dsub, SCSI, etc.) on the front of the instruments to the receiver modules. These offer the advantage of minimizing the signal length between the receiver module and the instrument but are rigid and therefore require precise, inflexible mounting locations.Interchangeable Test Adapter (ITA)The ITA is the main mechanical mate to the receiver. It is the “DUT side” interface that houses the modules/cables that will interface to the connections on the DUT. In many test systems, one receiver system can be connected to several different ITAs, each ITA having a different enclosure, cables, and DUT attached to it for rapid changeover of a test system requirements.ITA Cables/Modules ITA Cables/ModulesThe ITA modules are mounted inside the ITA in much the same way the receiver modules are mounted inside the receiver. They provide the main interconnect with the different signals coming through the receiver and expose those connections through cables, PCBs, or other connections inside the enclosure.EnclosureThe enclosure is the mechanical housing around the ITA and the corresponding ITA cables/modules. It is often a physical platform on which to set the DUT, as in a bed-of-nails application.When all these components are fitted together, the test operator should have a simple way of connecting all the test points in the system to a device under test in a quick, orderly manner.ITA, Individual Test Adapter, “Adapts” tester to be capable of testing multiple UUTsFrom the instrument to the UUT — and everything between!
7 VPC Maximizes the ROI for Test Assets By Preventing Damage to Valuable Test InstrumentationTest Instrument Card($Valuable Test Instrumentation)Delicate Commercial ConnectorVPC Systems are designed for 20,000 cycles specifically for Test ApplicationsProtect Valuable Test Instrumentation (Local Language)
8 Communication System ITA VPC Maximizes the ROI for Test AssetsQuickly and Easily Adapting Tester to be Capable of Testing Multiple UUTsNavigation System ITACommunication System ITAIndividual Test Adapter ITA “Adapts” tester to be capable of testing multiple UUTsWeapons System ITAStandardized Test Interface (Local Language)
9 Mass InterConnect Deployment Test and Measurement ApplicationsDefenseAerospaceAutomotiveMedicalContract ManufacturingHigh Volume Testing EnvironmentsStandard interface platform –Easy to configure, maintain and supportExtremely cost effective ~ built in expandabilityFlexibility -Pre-designed PCB/cabling solutions (off the shelf)Allows quick fixture (UUT) changeoverReliability -Supports thousands of connections and connector mating cyclesExtends the life of your expensive test instruments
10 Aerospace Symtx • 50 Module Solution Functional testing of satellite bus electronics circuit card assemblies, part of a command and control subsystem in commercial & military satellitesVerify and troubleshoot any one of a dozen assembly types at the card level, prior to box level integration and further functional testingThe test system uses VXI switching chassis and instrumentation and a high performance VPC module receiver interface panel to accommodate a variety of test adapters on a single test system
11 Automotive Konrad Technologie GmbH • G12 Solution G12 Mass InterConnect acts as the interface between Open Test Platform (OTP) and the device-under-test (DUT).Using a variety of Agilent hardware and software, including the new 34980A Multifunction Switch/Measure unit as the system core, the OTP is flexible and scalable to allow expansion for new test requirements.With cable assemblies specific to each modular instrument used in the Agilent 34980A, as well as power and pneumatic connections, the G12 provides a reliable and repeatable interface designed to withstand over 20,000 mating and unmating cycles.Innovative QuadraPaddle modules enable consolidation of as many as 192 signal points in a single receiver slot and 480 signal points in 2 receiver slots.
12 FTS-200 from Cal-Bay Systems Medical Device Testing Functional Test System for Low-Volume High-Mix Production and Design Validation TestComputer-based instrumentation hardware with bandwidth up to 200 MHzMass-interconnect test fixture interface from Virginia PanelTest execution software based on industry standard LabVIEW and TestStand application development environments
13 Instrumentation “loop back” Boeing Commercial Airplane – 787 ProgramFixed Patch PanelsTester design was implemented in previous HUD test applications ~ modernized (PXI based)In this design, Honeywell designed QP/PCBs are implemented to reduce the “rats nest” of wiring in the previous designFixed patch panels are used for fault induced simulationVPC ~ 90 Series (25/50 module) are used to direct the instrumentation and other assetsConsoles shipped for use at Rockwell Collins (Cedar Rapids) and Boeing, Seattle.HUD Test ConsoleVPC 9050VPC 9025Instrumentation “loop back”
14 I/O in Modules Analog Signal • Digital Signal Coax / RF • Fiber Optic Power • ThermocouplePneumatic • VacuumVariety of Input and Output connections are possible in the modules
15 About VPCFounded in 1959 as a licensee of International Business Machines (IBM) to manufacture and distribute programmable patch panels for computersDesigns, manufactures and markets Interconnect products for Test and Measurement applications in both commercial and military markets.Standard interface system for the United States Air Force Modular Automated Test Equipment Program (MATE)United States Navy standard electrical interface for the CASS ProgramStandard for the Interface Connector Assembly (ICA) used in commercial air transport testing (ARINC 608A committee)First to offer the most comprehensive connector interface for VXI
16 Virginia Panel Corporation For over 47 years, VPC hasProvided highest quality and most innovative Mass Interconnect Solutions on the marketAligned closely with Test & Measurement partners to develop and support standardsDesigned new interconnect products with lower profiles & higher densities to solve dynamic test requirements
17 Summary Simplified Cable Management (Local Language) Protect Valuable Test Instrumentation (Local Language)Standardized Test Interface (Local Language)VPC Mass Interconnects offer the lowest total cost of ownershipover the life of your test system(Local Language)