Presentation on theme: "Remembering the outies: patient safety in ambulatory care Anne Matlow MD September 19, 2012."— Presentation transcript:
Remembering the outies: patient safety in ambulatory care Anne Matlow MD September 19, 2012
What is an ‘outie’? 1. out·ie [ou-tee] noun Informal. 1. a protruding navel. 2. a person having such a navel. 2. outie. Pronunciation: /ˈaʊti/ noun (plural outies) South African informal a homeless person.
-Most care happens as an outpatient -Patients discharged from hospital earlier - We don’t know much about it
Population based need for healthcare Population 1000 Ambulatory care 250 1 In patient JAMA 2006 Chronic Diseases Post-Acute Care
Though some very high-quality work on ambulatory safety took place between 2000 and 2010, research and initiatives in ambulatory safety were remarkably limited, both in quantity and in the ability to generalize from the studies that were reported.
The Hospital for Sick Children 6 Institute of Medicine Report 44,000- 98,000 patients die yearly from adverse events Equivalent to 1 jumbo jet going down every 2 days 25-50% are preventable
The Hospital for Sick Children7 6 DIMENSIONS OF QUALITY CARE Safe Effective Patient centred Timely Efficient Equitable
The Hospital for Sick Children8 Improving Health Care Safety Efficiency Patient centered Timely Equitable Effective
Our Healthcare SystemHigh QUALITY OF CARE Low Quality Improvement (raising the ceiling) Patient Safety (raising the floor)
PATIENT SAFETY Freedom from accidental injury Institute of Medicine, 1999 The simplest definition of patient safety is the prevention of errors and adverse effects to patients associated with health care. WHO Europe ERROR OUT- COMEO R AE
How common are adverse events in hospital care?
How Common Are Adverse Events? Incidence Estimates from Hospital Chart Review Studies CountryNYearIncidence of AE Preventable ? Canada3,74520007.5%37% USA (U&C) 14,70019922.9%Not reported Australia14,179199216.6%51% UK1,014199910.8%48% New Zealand 1,326199812.9%37% USA (NY)30,19519843.7 %Not reported
Learning Objectives By the end of this talk, attendees will be able to… Recognize the challenges involved in estimating the burden of medical error and harm in ambulatory care Cite examples of common safety incidents in ambulatory care Reflect on ways patient safety in the out- patient setting can be improved
How common are adverse events in ambulatory care? What are the most common types and causes of adverse events in ambulatory care? What kinds of errors are made in ambulatory care that lead to harm?
15.6% said MD made a mistake 13.4% reported wrong diagnosis 12.5% wrong treatment 14.1% changed MDs
Ambulatory care refers to surgeries, diagnostic procedures and treatments that do not require overnight hospitalization. http://www.health.alberta.ca/documents/ACRM-09-pt0-7.pdf Ambulatory Care: A Working Definition Primary care clinics? Specialty care clinics? Surgical clinics? Physiotherapy clinics? Diagnostic imaging centres? EEG labs? Emergency Departments?
Bishop TF. Paid malpractice claims for adverse events in inpatient and outpatient settings JAMA June 15 2011
Medical errors in primary care: Results of an international study of family practice Rosser 2005 Can Fam Phys 51:387
PROPOSED FRAMEWORK Jacobs S. Canadian Family Physician 2007; 53: 271
What are some patient safety hazards in ambulatory care?
Missed lab tests: 7% to 62% Missed radiology tests: 1 to 11% Missed mammograms: 11 to 36% Impact on patient outomes – Missed cancer diagnosis – Hospital visits for missed hyperkalemia – Adverse drug events J Gen Intern Med 2011; Nov
Clinical Case 52 year old man referred by a family physician to a gastroenterologist for iron deficiency anemia and positive occult blood in the stool Colonoscopy performed – Poor visualization – only to the level of the mid- transverse colon – Early termination of C-scope due to patient discomfort Slide courtesy of B Wong
Clinical Case (cont’d) Gastroenterologist verbally communicates to the patient that a barium enema is needed Gastroenterologist dictates a letter to the referring GP stating his intent to organize a barium enema to rule out a right-sided colonic mass Slide courtesy of B Wong
Clinical Case (cont’d) Patient is provided a follow up appointment with the gastroenterologist, but not a barium enema Patient does not show-up because no appointment for barium enema was provided – Assumes that the gastroenterologist would want the results of the barium enema prior to the appointment Slide courtesy of B Wong
Seven Months Later… Patient sees GP due to cramping abdominal pain – referral made to a general surgeon Repeat colonoscopy reveals bleeding mass in the right colon Biopsy confirms adenoCA of the colon Patient undergoes urgent hemicolectomy for a locally invasive cancer with metastasized to the regional lymph nodes
Provider factors: prescribing, transcription, dispensing, administration, monitoring Patient factors: Non adherence Failure to inform re meds Failure to inform re S/S System factors: discontinuity in care, lack of med rec, pharmacy services, non-punitive reporting
Importance of Effective Communication between Providers Necessary for coordinated care Valued by providers and patients Improves provide satisfaction Improves patient outcomes
Lost in Translation Family Doctor Specialist Referral with patient’s history and reason for consultation Report with consultation results and advice given to patient Arch Intern Med 2011; 171(1) 69% 35% 81% 62%